LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
REPORT OF THE
LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS
REPORT OF THE
SUPERINTENDENT OF THE LIBRARY
BUILDING AND GROUNDS
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR
ENDING JUNE 30
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
This volume is for sal-c by the
SUPERINTENDENT OK DOCUMENTS.
Government Printing Office
Washington, D. C.
Price, 40 cts.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Form of gift or bequest to the Library.of Congress 4
List of officers 5
Report of the Librarian 7
Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables). 145-147
Ib. Appropriation acts, 1917-18 149-164
II. Report of the Register of Copyrights 155-185
III. Manuscripts and Broadsides: List of Acces-
sions, 1916-17 187-200
Report of the Superintendent of the Library Building and
The Library of Congress. Exterior view Frontispiece
Plan of the cellar Facing page 6
Plan of the basement Facing page 6
Plan of the first or main floor Facing page 6
Plan of the second floor Facing page 6
Plan of the attic Facing page 6
FORM OP GIFT OR BEQUEST TO THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
"To THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, TO BE PLACED IN THE
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND ADMINISTERED THEREIN BY THE
LIST OF OFFICERS
LIBRARIANS SINCE THE INCEPTION OF THE LIBRARY
1802-1807 John Beckley, Clerk of the House of Representatives and
1807-1815 Patrick Magruder. Clerk of the House of Representatives
1815-1829 George Watterston
1829-1861 John Silva Meehan
1861-1864 John G. Stephenson
1864-1897 (June 30) Ainsworth Rand Spofford
1897 (July i}- January 17, 1800 John Russell Young
1899 (April 5) Herbert Putnam
HERBERT PUTNAM Librarian of Congress
APPLETOX PREXTISS CLARK GRIFFIX Chief Assistant Librarian
Allen Richards Boyd Chief Clerk
Jessica Louise Farnum Secretary
Reading Room Frederick William Ashley, Superintendent; Hugh
Alexander Morrison, John Graham Morrison, chief assistants
Division of Bibliography Herman Henry Bernard Meyer, Chief
Card Division Charles Harris Hastings, Chief
Catalogue Division Charles Martel, Chief
Classification Division Clarence W. Perley, Chief
Division of Documents Henry John Harris, Chief
Legislative Reference Charles Wallace Collins, jr., administrative as-
Division of Manuscripts Gaillard Hunt. Chief
Division of Maps and Charts Philip Lee Phillips, Chief
Division of Music Oscar George Theodore Sonneck, Chief
Order Division Theodore Wesley Koch, Chief
Division of Periodicals William Adams Slade , Chief
Division of Prints Richard Austin Rice, Acting Chief
Semitic Division Israel Schapiro, in charge
6 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Smithsonian Deposit Paul Brockett, Custodian (office at Smithsonian
Institution); Francis Henry Parsons, assistant in charge
Law Library James David Thompson, Law Librarian
THORVALD SOLBERG Register of Copyrights
ARTHUR CRISFIELD Assistant Register of Copyrights
LIBRARY BRANCH, GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
Printing Frank M. Hatley, foreman
Binding R. C. Lohmeyer, foreman
LIBRARY BUILDING AND GROUNDS
FRANK LLOYD AVERILL Superintendent
Wade H. Rabbitt Chief Clerk
Charles Benjamin Titlow Chief Engineer
Damon Warren Harding Electrician
John Vanderbilt Wurdemann Captain of the watch
THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Washington, D. C., December 3, 7917
SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith my report as
Librarian of Congress for the year ending June 30, 1917.
The report of the Superintendent of the Library Building
and Grounds (and Disbursing Officer) follows, beginning at
page 201. That of the Register of Copyrights is, as usual,
attached as Appendix II.
The economic situation requires that mere administrative
reports of the government establishments shall this year be
kept at a minimum. I refrain, therefore, from incorporating
in mine any new matter, and have endeavored in general to
limit the statement to the bare record of our operations,
with only such explanations and comments as are needed to
indicate their significance. Under several items, however,
the explanations and comments are for special reasons dis-
proportionate. The items are Manuscripts, Music, Orien-
talia, and Legislative Reference. The manuscript acces-
sions being largely the result of gift, a somewhat elaborate
analysis of them is due, if only as an acknowledgment to the
donors; the material coming to the Music Division and to
the collection of Orientalia especially in the field of Chinese
literature [p. 83] can be appreciated only as the particulars
are set forth; and the work of the Legislative Reference
Division seems still entitled to a more detailed analysis than
should be necessary after it shall have become firmly estab-
lished, with a really adequate provision for its maintenance.
16341 17 2 -
8 Report of the Librarian of Congress
In the case of the Music Division there is a special reason
also in the fact that the report of "its Chief concludes his
service with us for on September 5 (1917) he left us to
accept a position with the music publishing house of G.
Schirmer in New York City. What his departure means in
the loss to the Library and to the cause of music can be
appreciated only by those familiar with his extraordinary
constructive work in this division during the past 15 years.
When he took charge, in 1902, the collection consisted of
about 250,000 compositions, almost entirely the result of
copyright, and a few thousand books in the literature of the
subject, the result either of copyright or of unsystematic
purchase. He accepted the task of developing this into a
comprehensive and scientific collection, the major collection
of this country, and so far as conditions should permit, the
equal in substance, if not in form, of the great collections
abroad. He brought a combination of qualifications quite
unique: a thorough education, acquired in Germany and in
Italy, specializing in music through advanced courses in the
universities; scientific ideals, shaped by contact with sound
and serious scholarship; and definite convictions. Among
these latter most fortunately was a conviction that there
was such a thing as American music. And his introduction
to me was a bibliography of it, during the i8th century
which he had compiled after laborious research, and which
later appeared in print a novel contribution in a hitherto
unexploited field. A native of the United States (for
he was born in Jersey City, though of German parentage,
and after his thirteenth year educated abroad) he sympa-
thized with the purpose of building up here a collection that
should advance the cause of music in America. He laid out
a systematic plan for this, having in view emphasis upon
particular sections during five-year periods. How well that
plan has been pursued appears from his yearly reports, in-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 9
corporated with mine. As a result of it the collection in-
cludes now 740,000 musical compositions, 35,000 items in the
literature of music, and 20,000 in the domain of musical
instruction an organic and well-balanced collection one of
the largest in the world, rich in full scores, preeminent in
scores of operatic compositions and the librettos essential to
their study, and with a major percentage even of the early
books on music which formed its literature before 1800. In
manuscripts it is of course not comparable with the ancient
collections abroad, but even as to these the needs of the
student are recognized by facsimiles and transcripts for the
project included systematic reproductions of such scores as
exist only in manuscript or in unique copies not on the
And to method and assiduity in collecting he added
notable industry and willingness for personal detail. Com-
bined with precision of knowledge and public spirit these
enabled him to compile with his own hand catalogues,
bibliographies, and other monographs, which have not
merely made the collection useful to the profession in the
United States but have given it repute abroad, where,
indeed, as our delegate to various musical congresses he
has added to the prestige of the Library and the Government.
He has added to it in another way, as editor of the Musical
Quarterly issued by the Messrs. Schirmer.
The position with this firm continues and will in some
respects enlarge the professional opportunities which that
There have been no other changes in the permanent
higher positions. Dr. Palmieri's temporary engagement
with us in connection with the Slavic section came to an
end on March 31. Since that date Dr. Speek, of our Legis-
lative Reference Division, has been assigned to it with a
view to especial development of it upon the economic side.
In the Oriental section we have continued to benefit bv the
io Report of the Librarian of Congress
advice and assistance of Dr. Swingle, of the Department of
Agriculture, and of specialists including Dr. Laufer, of the
Field Columbian Museum, and Prof. Kiang, of the Uni-
versity of California whose interest, enthusiasm, and direct
aid he has secured without cost to us.
The call for military service, and the demands of newly
established bureaus and commissions have caused numer-
ous withdrawals from our subordinate positions no less
than 35 have joined the Colors since the ist of January.
They are mostly of young men not easy to replace under
present conditions. During two periods (Sept. 16, 1915
Jan. 31, 1916, and again since July 18, 1917) Dr. Hunt,
Chief of our Manuscript Division, has been lent to the State
Department for special war time service in connection with
his familiar former service in the Bureau of Citizenship.
The following table exhibits the appropriations and ex-
penditures of the Library proper and of the Copyright Office
for the fiscal year, and the appropriations for the preceding
fiscal year and the year now current. Included also are
the appropriations for the equipment and care of the build-
ing and grounds, expended by the Superintendent.
Report of the Librarian of Congress
Object of appropriations
Library and Copy-right Office:
$272. 860. oo
2. OOO. OO
Distribution of card indexes
" 40. 700. 1 1
a 44, 039. 26
24, 930. 49
^103. 708. 09
104, 740. oo
9 98. ooo. oo
' 98. ooo. oo
9 98.000. oo
6 7.307- 79
b 7,304. 74
* 7.302. 18
Total Library and Copyright
560. 536. 33
567, 760. oo
Building and grounds:
Care and maintenance, includ-
86, 005. oo
Fuel, light, and miscellaneous. .
Fuel, light, and miscellaneous
A 20,008. 68
*I 9 ,947.86
13, 100. oo
k 14,900. oo
Furniture and shelving
Resurfacing west driveway and
Refitting boiler room and coal
Cooling and circulating drink-
k 5,000- oo
Total Building and grounds . .
1 10. 645. oo
116. 177. 87
682. i". 6S
696. 765- oo
Printing and binding (allotment,
209, 196. 59
Bequest of Gertrude M. Hubbard
Appropriation 1916 includes credits $1,200.11 on account of sales of cards to Govern-
ment institutions. Appropriation 1917 includes $699.79 credits on account of sales of
cards to Government institutions and $339.47 yet to be credited. Expenditures 1917
($43,588.16 including outstanding indebtedness) offset by subscriptions covered into the
ft Appropriation 1916 includes credits $1.30 on account of sales of photo-duplications
to Government institutions; credit of $5.85 by return of photostat spools and a credit of
64 cents on account of a refund by a defaulting contractor. Appropriation 1917 includes
credits of $4.74 on account of sales of photo-duplications" to Government institutions.
c Allotment 1916 includes credits of $514.35 on account of sales of cards to Government
institutions. Allotment 1917 includes credits of $299.87 on account of sales of cards to
Government institutions and $145.53 yet to be credited. Allotment 1917 includes $9,000
provided in deficiency act approved Sept. 8, 1916.
<* Includes balance from preceding year in addition to appropriation of $800.
e Any unexpended balance will be available for the succeeding year.
/ Offset by fees covered into the Treasury ($i 10,077.40).
9 Exclusive of $2,000 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for new
books of reference for that body.
* Increased $8.68 by refunds of defaulting contractors.
* Made available in fiscal year 1917 upon passage of legislative act for the fiscal year
* Including outstanding indebtedness.
1 2 Report of the Librarian of Congress
The appropriations for 1916-17 varied from those in the
preceding year in the following particulars :
Salaries (general service) General administration: The
following salary was increased: stenographer and type-
writer, $780 to $840.
Mail and delivery division: i additional assistant at $600;
the following salary was increased: i assistant, $720 to
Order and accession division: The following salaries were
increased : 2 assistants, $780 to $840.
Catalogue, classification and shelf division: The following
salaries were increased : 4 assistants, $860 to $920; 13 assist-
ants, $780 to $840.
Binding division: The following salary was increased:
1 assistant, $900 to $960.
Bibliography division: The following salaries were in-
creased: i assistant, $780 to $840; stenographer and type-
writer, $900 to $960.
Reading rooms: 2 additional assistants at $600. The
following salaries were increased: 3 assistants, $900 to
$960; 10 assistants, $780 to $840; attendant Senate read-
ing room, $900 to $960; attendant, Representatives' read-
ing room, $780 to $840; 2 attendants in cloak room, $720
to $780; attendant Toner Library, $900 to $960; attendant
Washington Library, $900 to $960; 2 watchmen, $720 to
$780; evening service, 5 assistants, $900 to $960; 15 assist-
ants, $780 to $840.
. Periodical division: The following salaries were increased:
5 assistants, $780 to $840; stenographer and typewriter,
$900 to $960.
Division of documents: The following salaries were in-
creased: i assistant, $780 to $840; stenographer and type-
writer, $900 to $960.
Division of maps and charts: The following salary was
increased: i assistant, $780 to $840.
Music division: The following salaries were increased:
2 assistants, $780 to $840.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 13
Smithsonian deposit: The following salary was increased:
i messenger, $720 to $780.
Congressional reference library: The following salaries were
increased: i assistant, $900 to $960; i assistant, $780 to
Copyright Office: The following salaries were increased:
1 8 clerks, $900 to $960; 2 clerks, $800 to $860; 10 clerks,
$720 to $780; porter, $720 to $780.
Card indexes: Appropriation increased from $39,500 to
j,ooo. The item made to read:
For service in connection with distribution of card
indexes and other publications of the Library : Chief of
division, 83,000; chief assistant, $1,800; assistants
one $1,600, three at $1,500 each, three at $1,400 each,
three at $1,200 each, three at Si.iooeach, fourat$i,ooo
each; for services of assistants at salaries less than
$1,000 per annum and for piecework and work by the
hour, $17,000, including not exceeding $500 for freight
charges, expressage, traveling expenses connected with
such distribution, and expenses of attendance at meet-
ings when incurred on the written authority and direc-
tion of the Librarian, $43,000.
Increase of the Library of Congress: The item made to read :
For purchase of books for the Library, including pay-
ment in advance for subscriptions books, and society
. publications, and for freight, commissions, and traveling
expenses, and all other expenses incidental to the acqui-
sition of books by purchase, gift, bequest, or exchange,
to continue available during the fiscal year nineteen
hundred and eighteen, $90,000, together with the un-
expended balance of the sum appropriated for this
object for the fiscal year nineteen hundred and sixteen ;
For purchase of books and for periodicals for the law
library, under the direction of the Chief Justice, $3,000;
For purchase of new books of reference for the Su-
preme Court, to be a part of the Library of Congress,
and purchased by the marshal of the Supreme Court,
under the direction of the Chief Justice, $2,000;
For purchase of miscellaneous periodicals and news-
In all, $100,000.
14 Report of the Librarian of Congress
The appropriations for 1917-18 include the following
changes and additional provisions :
Mail and delivery division: i additional assistant, at
$1,200. The following salary was increased : i assistant in
charge, $1,500 to $1,600.
Reading room: i additional assistant in room for the
Copyright Office: The following salaries were increased:
5 junior messengers, $360 to $420.
Card indexes: 3 additional assistants, i at $1,600, i at
$1,200, and i at $1,100.
A total increase for the card index service of $3,900
($43,000 to $46,900).
. Library Building and Grounds: 2 additional positions:
2 laborers, at $600 each. The following salaries were in-
creased: Superintendent, $3,000 to $3,600; i telephone
switchboard operator, at $720 instead of i assistant tele-
phone switchboard operator, at $600; 14 laborers, $540 to
For fuel, lights, repairs, etc.: The item made to include
the following: "including $1,400, to be immediately avail-
able, additional for waterproofing parts of east driveway
and over machinery; $1,075 f r fi fe hose and fittings;
$8,500, to be immediately available, for repairing tunnel
and mechanical book carrier connecting the Library Build-
ing and the Capitol; $2,300 for repairing passenger eleva-
tors; $500 for painting portions of roof of building; and
$2,000 for pointing exterior stonework of building." In-
creased from $20,000 to $28,000.
The following additional provisions :
For providing and installing cooling and circulating
drinking-water system in Library Building, $5,000, to be
SEC. 7. That to provide, during the fiscal year nine-
teen hundred and eighteen, for increased compensation
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 5
at the rate of ten per centum per annum to employees
who receive salaries at a rate per annum less than
Si, 200, and for increased compensation at the rate of
five per centum per annum to employees who receive
salaries at a rate not more than $1,800 per annum and
not less than $1,200 per annum, so much as may be
necessary is appropriated: Provided, That this section
shall only apply to the employees who are appropriated
for in this act specifically and under lump sums or
whose employment is authorized herein: Provided further,
That detailed reports shall be submitted to Congress on the
first day of the next session showing the number of
persons, the grades or character of positions, the original
rates of compensation, and the increased rates of compen-
sation provided for herein.
Library estimates, 1917-18: The following positions asked
tor in the estimates for 1917-18 were not granted:
Semitic Division: Two assistants, at $900 each $r, 800
Increases of salary recommended, not granted :
i assistant from $1,500 to $1,800; granted to Si, 600. $200
5 assistants from $960 to $i ,200 i, 200
9 assistants from Si ,000 to Si ,080 720
30 assistants from $960 to $1,080 3, 600
i attendant (Senate reading room) from $960 to
$i ,080 120
i attendant (Representatives reading room) from
$960 to Si ,080 120
i stenographer and typewriter from $960 to Si ,080 . 120
i stenographer and typewriter from $840 to $900. . 60
i attendant (Representatives reading room) from
$840 to 8900 60
1 messenger from $840 to $900 60
51 assistants from $840 to $900 3, 060
2 assistants from $780 to $900 240
2 watchmen (reading room) from $780 to $900 240
i telephone assistant (reading room) from S66o to
i assistant from $580 to $600 20
7 assistants from $540 to $600 420
i messenger to Chief Assistant Librarian from
$540 to S6oo 60
28 junior messengers from $420 to $480 i, 680
144 positions 12, 220
Report of the Librarian of Congress
10 clerks from $1,000 to $1,080
18 clerks from $960 to $1,080 2, 160
2 clerks from $860 to $900 .... 80
10 clerks from $780 to $900 i, 200
2 clerks from $480 to $600 240
5 junior messengers from $360 to $480; granted to
47 positions 4, 780
191 positions in total 17, ooo
Increase of Library of Congress (purchase of bopks) :
$100,000 recommended; $90,000 granted.
The report of the Register of Copyrights appears in full
as Appendix II, and is also separately printed by the Copy-
The principal statistics of the business done during the
year are as follows:
Fees received and applied
Registrations ($i), including certificates
Registrations (50 cents), photographs, no certificates
For copies of record
For notices of user
For indexing transfers of proprietorship
Total number of deposits received (material of all classes, including dupli-
Total communications received, including parcels, but excluding deposits
noted above. .
Total communications sent out (including letters written)
Report of the Librarian of Congress 17
The fees from copyrights are covered into the Treasury
and not applied directly to the maintenance of the Copy-
right Office. They form a regular revenue of the Govern-
ment, however, and a net revenue over the direct expenses
of the office, as appears from the comparison following :
RECEIPTS COPYRIGHT OF-
Fees covered in during the fiscal year 1916-17, as above . . . Sno, .077. 40 Receipts and ex-
Salaries, as stated $i3, 78- 9
Stationery and sundries i, 059. 31
104, 767. 40
Net cash earnings 5> 3 10 -
The amount expended for salaries ($103,708.09) includes
the sum of $4,680 paid in salaries to certain employees who
have been classifying and crediting the old deposits received
prior to 1897. This expenditure is chargeable to arrears.
The current expenses of the Office are therefore considerabh
more than met by the current receipts.
The above statement includes all disbursements except the
cost of furniture, of printing, and of binding, but only cash
receipts. In addition to cash fees, the copyright business
brings each year to the government, in articles deposited,
property to the value of many thousands of dollars. During
the past fiscal year 195,627 such articles were received.
The value of those drawn up into the collections of the
Library far exceeded the amount of net cash earnings.
On the 6th day of Julv, 1917, when the report of the Currfnt c t>v
Copyright Office was submitted, the remittances received
up to the third mail of the day had been recorded and
acknowledged; the account books of the bookkeeping divi-
sion were written up and posted to June 30, and the accounts
rendered to the Treasury Department were settled up to
and including the month of June, while earned fees to June
30, inclusive, had been paid into the Treasury. All copy-
1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress
right applications received up to and including June 30 had
been passed upon and refunds made.
The total unfinished business for the full 20 years from
July i, 1897, to June 30, 1917, amounts to but $2,186.63,
against a total completed business for the same period of
At the close of business on July 6, 1917, the works
deposited for copyright registration up to and including
June 30 had nearly all been recorded, as well as a large
part of the publications received since that date.
The Catalogue of Copyright Entries, which since the trans-
fer of its publication from the Treasury Department to the
Library of Congress has been issued in four separate parts,
was continued in five annual volumes properly indexed.
During the past 20 years the business done by the Office
was as follows :
Total number of entries 2, 162, 979
Total number of articles deposited 3, 838, 483
Total amount of fees received and applied $i, 759, 853. 55
Total expenditure for service $1,512, 795. 84
Net receipts above expenses for service $245, 998. 40
During the 46 years since the copyright work became a
business of the Library of Congress the total number of
entries has been 3,043,835.
Elimination, of Under authority of sections 59 and 60 of the Copyright
act of 1909, 18,177 volumes have been transferred to the
Library from the deposits in the Copyright Office during the
fiscal year; 5,081 books have been deposited in govern-
mental libraries in the District of Columbia, and 57,215
articles have been returned to copyright claimants, includ-
ing 15,464 books, 398 photographs, 16,963 prints, 11,326
periodicals, 3,415 musical compositions, and 9,649 motion
Report of the Librarian of Congress 19
INCREASE OF THE LIBRARY : PRINTED MATERIAL, *
(From the report of the Order Division)
Adopting the count of printed books and pamphlets made Contents of the
Library June 30,
in June, 1902, as accurate, the total contents of the Library, 1916, and June 30,
inclusive of the Law Library, at the close of the past t\vo /0
fiscal years, were as follows:
Contents of the Library
2, 45 1 , 974
2, 537. 9 22
8 5 , 948
Manuscripts (a numerical state-
ment not feasible)
Maps and charts (pieces)
39 2 90S
2 5. 5i
Music (volumes and pieces). .
Printed books and pamphlets
Manuscripts (a numerical state me
Maps and charts (volumes and pi
Music (volumes and pieces). .
nt not feasible)
* For Manuscripts, Maps, Music, and Prints, see under those headings infra.
2O Report of the Librarian of Congress
ACCESSIONS: f he accessions of books and pamphlets during the past
Books and pam-
phlets, by sources two years, in detail, classified by source, were as follows :
By gift. .
By transfer from United States Government
From the Public Printer by virtue of law
From the American Printing House for the Blind.
By International Exchange (from foreign gov-
Gifts of the United States Government in all its
Gifts from State governments
Q, 6l ^
Gifts from local governments .
Gifts from corporations and associations
Bv copyright. .
a I ?, 7Q2
b 14, 7^8
By Smithsonian. . . . ' . . . ...
By exchange (piece for piece)
3i OI 4
By priced exchange
Library of Congress publications (specially
Gain of volumes by separation in binding and
by binding of books and periodicals previ-
ously uncounted or uncounted in their pres-
Total added books, pamphlets, and
1 1 6, 080
By consolidation in binding;
Duplicates sent in exchange. ...
Returns of college and library catalogues
3. I3 2
* This includes 311 volumes added to the reserve collections.
b This includes 357 volumes added to the reserve collections.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 21
As was to be expected, the war has continued to keep down
the number of accessions received from abroad through pur-
chase, international exchange, and the Smithsonian deposit.
Since June, 1914, the net totals of accessions have steadily
declined until this year's net increase (85,948) is somewhat
below the annual average of the preceding 18 years.
In an endeavor to learn and take advantage of opportuni-
ties for acquisitions abroad, as well as to improve the proce-
dure for securing material from Germany and Austria needed
by other American libraries as well as our own, the Chief of the
Order Division, Mr. Koch, went to London in January last and
remained there into July. A good deal of his attention was
given to the interviews and correspondence incidental to the
second purpose; but he reported fully the opportunities of
the British book market; and his presence in London was
peculiarly fortunate in connection with the gift and transfer
of the collection of Whistleriana presented by Mr. and Mrs.
Joseph Pennell, the authorized biographers of James McNeil
This, the most important accession bv gift during the vear, Girrs:
includes not only all books by and about Whistler, but
very complete representation of books in which Whistler is
mentioned or his art discussed. This means that there are
many books and magazine articles on contemporary art and
catalogues of exhibits in which \Vhistler figured. There are
also several hundred unpublished letters of Whistler and
many letters and tributes from the most distinguished people
who knew him in Europe and America. There are many
other equally important items.
The collection of Whistler prints, etchings, lithographs,
photographs of his paintings, and other reproductions is the
most complete in existence. It includes an original pen
drawing of Whistler's portrait of himself and other designs
by him. Many of the choicest etchings are represented in
several states. The press cuttings and magazine clippings
22 Report of the Librarian of Congress
alone fill some sixty folio volumes. These were useful
source material for Mr. and Mrs. Pennell in writing their
life of Whistler. The collection also includes manuscripts
by Whistler and by the Pennells written at his dictation.
As usual with a collection of such completeness, it illus-
trates much more than its central figure. It covers not
only the literature of the arts in which Whistler was pre-
eminent, but it also goes into the lives and works of most
of his contemporaries and many of his predecessors.
The collection is contained in fourteen cases stored in
London and properly insured. On May 24, at the office of
the American Consul General, it was legally transferred , to
the United States Government. It was thought best not
to run the risk of trying to ship the material at present.
A fuller description of it must therefore be deferred.
The gifts from thousands of unofficial sources have in-
creased this year, reaching an aggregate of 12,100 volumes
and pamphlets, although including no collection or group
deserving special mention. Among the single volumes
presented may be noted a copy of the "Letters of Thomas
Burnet to George Ducket, 1712-1722; edited by David
Nichol Smith; printed for presentation to members of the
Roxburghe Club, 1914," the gift of the Marquess of Crewe.
Mr. Joseph E. Widener gave a copy of "Pictures in the
collection of P. A. B. Widener at Lynnewood hall, Elkins
Park, Pennsylvania. Early Italian and Spanish schools.
With biographical and descriptive notes on the Italian
painters, by B. Berenson, and on the Spanish painters, by
W.Roberts. Philadelphia, Privately printed, 1916. " One
of 200 copies printed for private circulation only, bound
in red crushed Levant by Riviere and Son.
Henry Yates Thompson, of London, presented a copy of
"Illustrations of one hundred manuscripts in the library of
Report of the Librarian of Congress 23
Henry Yates Thompson. London, Printed at the Chiswick
press, 1916. "
American importing publishers gave some 98 Imported
books, including 46 from the John Lane Company, 35 from
the Frederick A. Stokes Company, nine from the Funk and
Wagnalls Company, three from Thompson Brown and
Company, two from Frederick Warne and Company, two
from Charles Scribner's Sons, and one from Longmans,
Green and Company.
Several desirable specimens of fifteenth century printing PURCHASES:
were acquired, including the following, arranged in the
probable order of their issue from the press :
Valturio, Roberto. De re militari. Veronae, Johannes ex Verona,
1472. Hain-Cop. *i5847, Proctor 6912 (19 Verona i-i) Spencer
iv, 44-54, La Valliere, i. ptie., i. t., 2097; Fossi n, 759-760, Perrins
7, Olschki L, 124.
This is doubtless the most notable single volume added to the Library during the
year. It is a first edition, being the second book printed at Verona and the second
illustrated book printed in Italy, the only work printed by ' John of Verona, son of
Nicholas, the doctor,' unless he be identical with Giovanni Alvise, who printed at
Verona in 1478-79. This copy bears the book-plate of J. S. Buna. It has marginal
notes and 13 initials in gold and colors. Nearly 100 woodcuts (f. 31, 98, 159-174,
176-199, 205-206, 211-218); the designs have been attributed to Matteo Pasti, an
artist, who is said to have been at Verona in 1472.
Gesta Romanorum. Gesta romanorum cum applicationibus moral-
isatis et mysticis. [Argentinae, Martinus Schott, 148-] Main
*774i, Proctor 407, Pellechet 5251.
An uncommon edition, not in Copinger, Reichling or British Museum. Our copy
is bound in brown morocco, gilt by Clarke and Bedford, and bears the book label o
R. S. Turner.
Savonarola. Tractate dellahurailita. [Firenze, 149-] Hain-Reichling
14372; Proctor 6i84A; Kristeller 394A; not in Copinger. Printed on
Operetta sopra i dieci comadamenti. Firenze, Lorenze Morgi-
ani & Giouanni di Maganza, [149-] Hain-Reichling 14442; Proctor
6396A; Kristeller 3 77A; not in Copinger.
The first edition of this tract.
- Tractate della oratione. [Firenze, Bartolomeo di Francesco di
Libri, ca. 1495] Copinger 5307; Proctor 6295; Perrins 100; Kris-
teller 382c; not in Main. Bound in blue morocco, inside dentelles,
gilt edges, by Riviere.
Sermone della oratione. [Firenze, 149-?] Hain-Cop.
Proctor 6446; Kristeller 382d. Bound in half russia.
24 Report of the Librarian of Congress
These four rare Savonarola tracts are of special interest
on account of their fine Florentine woodcuts.
Catholic Church. Liturgy and ritual. Missal. Salzburg. Missale
secundum notulam metropolitane.ecclesie salisburgensis ordinatum.
Norimbergae, Georgius Stuchs, expensa loannis Ryman, 1498.
Hain-Cop. *ii42i, Weale, Hist, music loan exhib., in, 9 (p. 72-74);
Weale, Bibl. lit., 176, Schreiber 4756, Helmschrott i, 411. Not in
British Museum, Proctor or Reichling.
This is the second edition of the Salzburg missal; the first was printed by George
Stuchs in 1492. Seventh missal printed by Stuchs.
This copy is bound in wooden boards covered with stamped pigskin. It contains
a book-plate inscribed: "Cann. Regg. in Polling. Anno i 744. Franciscuspraepositus.
lungwierth [i. e. Franz Xaver Jungwirth] sc[ulpsit] Mon[achii]."
PURCHASES: Qf k mc i re d interest is a good copy of the first Protestant
Bible in the French language :
Bible. French. 1535. La Bible qui est toute la Saincte escripture
. . . translatez en Francoys. Le Vieil de Lebrieu and le Nouueau du
Grec [Colophon: Neufchastel, par Pierre de wingle MDXXXVJ
It was printed at the cost of the Waldenses and most of the copies were destroyed
in their communities. The volume is consequently very rare.
Americana A number of unusual American items were purchased,
including the following :
[Jourdain, Silvestre] A plaine description of the Barmvdas, now called
Sommer Hands. With the manner of their discouerie anno 1609 by the
shipwrack and admirable deliuerance of Sir Thomas Gates and Sir
George Sommers, wherein are truly set forth the commodities and
profits of that rich, pleasant, and healthfull covntrie. With an ad-
dition, or more ample relation of diuers other remarkeable matters
concerning those ilands since then experienced, lately sent from
thence by one of the colonie now there resident. London, Printed
by W. Stansby, for W. Welby, 1613.
This is the very rare first edition of the curious and interesting voyage which Malone
considered as having suggested to Shakespeare his different allusions to these islands
as the " stillvexed Bermoothes," in the "Tempest." In his dedication to the reader
the author says: "Good Reader, this is the first Booke published to the world touch-
ing the Sommer Ilands: but who shall liue to see the last?"
The present copy is bound in full crimson levant morocco by Bedford.
A Strange account of the rising and breaking of a great bubble. With
amendments and enlargement. Re-Printed and sold at my office at
the Sign of the Tree of liberty . on Sagadahock-River. 1767.
This is an extremely rare tract relating to the affairs of the Plymouth Company's
purchase on Kennebec River, 1753-67, written shortly after the repeal of the Stamp
Act, and replete with references to persons and events of the time (1753-67). Though
the author is not known, he was evidently one of the aggrieved settlers, living within
the limits of the company's "pretended claim."
Report of the Librarian of Congress 25
Wesley, John. An extract of the Rev. Mr. John Wesley's journal from
his embarking for Georgia to his return to London. Bristol. Printed
by S. and F. Farley .
The original edition of an important, though comparatively unknown work relat-
ing to the early settlement of Georgia and its aborigines. In 1735, the author accom-
panied Gen. James Ogelthorpe to Georgia as a missionary to the Indian:.. He began
his labors in Savannah, preached and read the liturgy daily, forded rivers, crossed
swamps, slept on the ground, fasted and went barefooted among the children at
school to encourage those who had no shoes. His preaching was at first successful,
but his rigorous discipline became distasteful alike to settlers and Indians, and finally,
being persecuted on acccount of his attempt to influence the secular affairs of the
Colony, he returned to England.
The work is also important on account of its containing, in the introduction, the
first authentic account, by Wesley himself, of "The Rise of that little society in
Oxford" which has since developed into the Methodist Church.
[Allen, Joseph Dana] A journal of an excursion, made by the corps of
cadets of the A. L. S. & M. academy. Norwich, Vt. under command
of Capt. A. Partridge, June, 1824. Windsor, Yt.. Printed by Simeon
An unusual item, and an early Vermont imprint, relating to one of the earliest
military schools established in the United States.
Raleigh, Sir Walter. Brevis & admiranda descriptio regni Gviarfae,
avri abvndantissimi, in America ... 1564, 1595, & 1506, per dn.
Gvalthervm Ralegh. Noribergae, impensis Levina Hulsii , DMXCIX
This work is bound with the following:
Vera historia, admirandae cvivsdam nauigationis, quam Huldericus
Schmidel, Straubingensis, ab anno 1534. usque ad annum 1554. in
Americam vel nouum mundum, iuxta Brasiliam & Rio della Plata,
confecit. Quid per hosce annos 19. sustinuerit, quam varias &
quam mirandas regiones ac homines viderit. Ab ipso Schmidelio
germam'ce, descripta: nunc vero, emendatis & correctis vrbium,
regionum and fluminum nominibus, adiecta etiam tabula geographi-
ica, figuris & alijs notationibus quibusdam in hanc formam reducta.
Noribergae, impensis L. Hulsij, 1599.
Church, Benjamin. The entertaining history of King Philip's war.
which began in the month of June, 1675. As also of expeditions
more lately made against the common enemy, and Indian rebels, in
the eastern pkrts of New-England: with some account of the divine
providence towards Col. Benjamin Church: by Thomas Church, esq.
his son. 2d ed. Boston: printed 1716. Newport, Rhode-Island, Re-
printed and sold by S. South wick, 1772.
This book contains a very interesting specimen of Paul Revere's work as an en-
graverthe frontispiece inscribed "Col. Benjamin Church. P. Revere sc." which is
in fact a copy of a portrait of the poet, Charles Churchill, published in the "Court
miscellany and Gentlemen and ladies' magazine," Sept., 1768. Revere has placed
a powderhom around the neck, and the features have suffered somewhat through
his handling. See the photographic reproductions of the above mentioned portrait
of Churchill and of Revere's plate, in Mass. hist. soc. Proceedings, 1881-82, v. 19, p.
243-245, with remarks by Charles Deane.
Report of the Librarian of Congress
Fuller, Thomas. The history of the worthies of England. Endeav-
oured by Thomas Fuller, D. D. London, Printed by J. G. W. L.
and W. G. 1662.
A fine copy of the first edition, with the armorial bookplate of Cornelius Paine.
Mandeville, Sir John. The voyages and trauailes of Sir lohn Man-
deuile Knight. Wherein is treated of the way towards Hierusalem,
and of the meruailes of Inde, with other lands and countries. Lon-
don, Printed by Thomas Snodham, 1612.
Bound in crushed crimson morocco extra, by F. Bedford. From the Huth library,
previously in the libraries of Sir Hamon Le Strange and Lord Selsey. On the title-
page occurs: "Hamon Le Strange, 156."
La Martini ere, Maximilien Antoine Cyprien Henri Poisson de. Docu-
ments pour servir a 1 'etude du nord ouest africain reunis et rediges
par ordre de M r . Jules Cambon, gouverneur general de 1'Algerie,
par H. M. P. de La Martiniere ... [et] N. Lacroix ... [Alger] Gouverne-
ment general de 1'Algerie, Service des affaires indigenes, 1894-97,
Marshall, George William. Miscellanea Marescalliana, being genealog-
ical notes on the surname of Marshall. Collected by George William
Marshall, LL. D. [Worksop, Eng., R. White, printer, 1883-88]. 2 v.
"Fifty copies for private distribution."
This copy was made up by the author as the sist copy, for one of his colleagues at
the Herald's college, and is vouched for by him as complete. A few of the original
pages had run out, so he repaged the substituted ones, from the Yorkshire archeological
and topographical journal, in his own handwriting.
Of special interest at the present time are the following
works relating to naval architecture:
Chapman, Fredrik Henrik. Architectura navalis mercatoria, navium
varii generis mercatoriarum capulicarum, cursoriarum aliarumque,
cujuscunqve conditionis vel molis, formas et rationes exhibens:
exemplis aeri incisis, demonstrationibus denique dimensionibus cal-
culisque accuratissimis illustrata. Holmiae, 1768.
The first and most complete set of working drawings for wooden ships ever pub-
Cortes, Martin. The arte of navigation. Conteyning a compendious
description of the sphere, with the making of certayne instruments.
Englished ... by Richard Eden. London, printed at the charges of
Richard Watkins. 1589.
Bourne, William. The arte of shooting in great ordnaunce ... Imprinted
at London for Thomas Woodcocke. 1587.
Garcie, Pierre. Le grand rovtier, pilotage, et encrage de mer:
tant des parties de France, Bretaigne, Angleterre, que haultes
Alemaignes ... A la Rochelle, Pour Marin Villepoux. 1584.
These three works are bound together in one volume with the arms of Henry,
ninth Earl of Northumberland.
The science of navigation was revolutionized by the publication of Cortes' " Arte
of nauigation," which contained many new methods of ascertaining latitude. It
seems probable that this volume, belonging to the "wizard " Earl of Northumberland
and concerning math ematics and voyaging, formed part of the library which the
Earl had with him during his imprisonment in the Tower. He had there as a fellow-
prisoner Sir Walter Raleigh, who was a personal friend.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 27
Collmann, Herbert L. Ballads and broadsides, chiefly of the Eliza- PURCHASES
bethan period and printed in black-letter, most of which were ^ t
formerly in the Heber collection and are now in the library at Brit-
well Court, Buckinghamshire; ed. with notes and an introduction
by Herbert L. Collmann. Oxford, Printed for presentation to
members of the Roxburghe club [by H. Hart, at the University
One of the choicest volumes of the Roxburgh club publications.
London. Stationers' Company. A transcript of the registers of the
worshipful Company of stationers, from 1640-1708 A. D. London,
Priv. print., 1913-14. 3 vols.
A continuation of Arber's Transcripts, 1554-1640. One of 250 copies.
Irving, Washington. A history of New- York from the beginning of
the world to the end of the Dutch dynasty . . . by Diedrich Knicker-
bocker. With unpublished corrections of the author. Illustrations
by Howard Pyle, Boughton and Drake. Etchings by H. C. Eno
and with frontispieces, each in three states, etched by F. Raubicheck.
2 vols. N. Y., Grolier club, 1886.
One of the scarcest of the Grolier Club publications.
Fitzgerald, Edward. Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, the astronomer-
poet of Persia, rendered into English verse by Edward Fitzgerald.
N. Y., Grolier Club, 1885.
One of 150 copies on Japan paper.
Croome, Arthur Capel Molyneux. Fifty years of sport at Oxford,
Cambridge, and the great public schools, arranged by the Right Hon.
Lord Desborough of Taplow ... ed. by A. C. M. Croome. London,
W. Southwood & co., 1913.
The receipts by transfer from governmental libraries in Transfers
the District of Columbia aggregated 19,080 volumes and
pamphlets, 23,738 periodical numbers, and 170 maps and
28 Report of the Librarian of Congress
The accessions from this source included :
The White House
Department of State
Department of the Treasury
Bureau of the Mint
Bureau of the Public Health
Department of War:
Army War College
Surgeon General 's Office
Bureau of Insular Affairs
i, 07 1
Department of the Navy. . . .
Naval War College
Department of the Interior
Bureau of Education
Bureau of Mines
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Bureau of Standards
Department of Labor :
Bureau of Labor Statistics. . . .
Interstate Commerce Com-
Federal Trade Commission . .
The number of volumes of surplus copyright deposits
transferred this year to other governmental libraries in the
District of Columbia was 4,926, chiefly current material.
The volumes selected by the beneficiary libraries (not in-
cluded in any of the foregoing statistical statements because
Report of the Librarian of Congress 29
they had never been incorporated in the permanent collec-
tions of the Library of Congress) numbered as follows :
District of Columbia Public Library i, 663
Federal Trade Commission 689
Department of Commerce 665
Surgeon General 's Office 54
United States Engineer School 4 11
Bureau of Education 373
Department of Agriculture 263
Patent Office 13
Bureau of Standards 60
Bureau of Mines 54
Commissioner of Internal Revenue 42
United States Soldiers' Home 33
Hygienic Laboratory 23
Interstate Commerce Commission 14
Geological Survey i
Bureau of Fisheries i
For notable accessions, especially in Chinese literature, Oriental
see under "Semitic and Oriental Division" infra, pp. 80-99.
DIVISION OF MANUSCRIPTS
(From the report of the Chief, Dr. Hunt)
In announcing a few of the more important accessions of
historical manuscripts during the past fiscal year, the place
of honor must be given to those papers which pertain to the
American Revolution, which has been called, appropriately,
the heroic period of American history. Therefore, the first
papers to be noticed in this report are those of Charles Thorn- Thomson pa-
son, secretary of the Continental Congress during the whole
period of its existence, from the first Congress in 1774 to the
last meeting, on March 2, 1789, when he made the last entry
in the Journal. He alone, of all those who had a part in the
Federal administration during the Revolution, held the same
office during the whole period of the Government's existence;
and, having seen it born, he saw it die and give place to a
new Constitution. The Journals of the Continental Congress
and many of the papers of the Continental Congress, trans-
ferred to the Library from the State Department in 1903,
30 Report of the Librarian of Congress
are the official papers of Charles Thomson ; but, necessarily,
a large number of personal papers of historical value had
accumulated in his files, in the course of his long and re-
markable career. It was known that he destroyed some of
these papers, but others survived and were preserved by his
descendants. After negotiations extending over a period of
10 years they have at length found a permanent resting-
place with the Government.
In the Collections of the New York Historical Society for
1878 were printed selections from the papers of Charles
Thomson. These were copies, made for William B. Reed, of
Philadelphia, of letters which were then in Germantown.
In 1907, Mr. Worthington C. Ford, then Chief of the Divi-
sion of Manuscripts, with the aid of Dr. J. Franklin Jameson,
Director of the Department of Historical Research of the
Carnegie Institution, obtained from the Oregon Historical
Society a list of the Thomson papers, which had crossed the
continent after Mr. Reed's copies were made. Two years
ago the papers were put in the hands of a dealer for sale,
and last winter they were bought by the Library for a
reasonable sum. Comparison of the collection with the
printed letters shows that 120 of the manuscript letters were
never printed, and these are quite as important, from an
historical point of view, as the printed letters. There are
178 documents in the collection, ranging in date from 1765
to 1820. They include notes of debates in Congress on the
report of the Board of War, July 24, 1777, and the days
following; letters from William Franklin, Benjamin Frank-
lin, John Dickinson, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, Marbois,
Robert Morris, Gouverneur Morris, James Madison, and
James Monroe; Laurens's charges against Thomson in 1779,
and Thomson's protest at not being assigned a part in the
first inauguration ceremonies under the Constitution. Some
of the subjects covered by the correspondence are: The
founding of the American Philosophical Society in 1768;
Report of the Librarian of Congress 31
the transmission to the United States of the definitive treaty
of peace, in 1783; the receipt of the ratification for the ex-
change of the treaty, March 31, 1784; correspondence of
Thomson on scientific and religious subjects; and his state-
ment concerning John Dickinson's course in the Revolution.
It is with great regret that I am obliged to call attention Journals of the
to the -fact that the Library's publication of the Journals of gress
the Continental Congress which Thomson kept has halted.
This colossal work was begun in 1904. It was the largest
piece of editing by one person ever undertaken by the
Government, if we except the "American archives" of
Peter Force. The volumes appeared from year to year,
from 1904 till 1914, twenty-three volumes having been
printed, fifteen edited by Worthington C. Ford and eight
by me. The period covered by the published volumes is
from 1774 to 1782. The proof of the two volumes covering
the year 1783 has been read; the volumes are set up and
only require the final printing and binding. The copy for
the volumes covering the years 1784 and 1785 is ready for
the printer. The copy for the remaining years of the
Congress can be pushed forward whenever there is a prob-
ability that it will be printed. Of the value of the publica-
tion there can be no doubt. It is the record of the founda-
tion of the American state, and explains much of our subse-
quent governmental development.
It is unfortunate that the announcement of, the accession Moms papers
of Charles Thomson's papers can not be followed by an
equally satisfactory statement concerning the papers of his
friend and coadjutor, Robert Morris. Morris's descendants
kept a considerable part of his correspondence in their
hands, and, in the past year, offered it to the Library, but at
a price so greatly in excess of its value that the purchase at
a private sale could not be considered. The papers were
afterward sold at public auction, and the Library, by a
careful selection of those documents which were adapted to
32 Report of the Librarian of Congress
its purposes, and which had not a high value to autograph
collectors, secured about 180 letters. In date they run
from 1778 to 1820. They relate to diplomatic and military
affairs during the Revolution, the finances of the Revolu-
tion, and Morris's personal financial affairs. Among the
correspondents are Silas Deane, John Jay, Admiral de
Grasse, Tench Tilghman, and Edward Livingston.. These
papers go to complete the Morris collection already in the
Library. In 1901 the Library acquired fifteen bound
volumes of Morris papers, comprising his diary and official
letter books; resolutions of the Continental Congress relating
to the Department of Finance; Beaumarchais' accounts;
and a number of separate documents. The papers in this
collection are dated from 1781 to 1784.
By purchase at an auction sale there came about 43
additional documents of James Madison. . They are some of
the papers which Mr. Frederick B. McGuire retained when
the Madison papers which his father, J. C. McGuire, had
collected were sold in 1892. That collection passed to the
Chicago Historical Society, whence, in 1910, it came to this
Library. The additional Madison papers were sold at
auction, by the estate of Mr. F. B. McGuire's widow. Those
which the Library obtained are dated from 1787 to 1836, but
most of them are of 1801, when Madison became Jefferson's
Secretary of tate. They include letters from Edmund
Randolph, Pierce Butler, Charles Carroll of Carrollton,
John Dickinson, James Monroe, Thomas Sumter, and
Robert Y. Hayne. They relate to many different subjects,
but a number of them concern appointments to office.
apers Madison first appeared on the public stage in the Vir-
ginia Convention of 1776, and the best account of the pro-
ceedings of the Convention was written by Hugh Blair
Grigsby, being an address delivered before the Phi Beta
Kappa Society, at William and Mary College, and pub-
lished in 1855. This and Grigsby 's other writings on
Report of the Librarian of Congress 33
Virginia history have taken a permanent place in historical
literature. He was a scholar who devoted his life to research
in the history of his State, and was exceptionally well
informed on the subject. It is a rule in the case of men of
Mr. Grigsby's bent that their drafts, notes, and correspond-
ence contain more of historical information than they
ever print. The Library was much gratified, therefore,
when Mr. Grigsby's descendants, through Hugh Blair
Grigsby Gait, Esq., of Norfolk, transferred to it some of
the rough drafts of Mr. Grigsby's articles. They contain
information which is not in the printed articles, and en-
courage the hope that other papers of Mr. Grigsby will
reveal information which will shed new light on important
historical characters and events. Mr. Gait holds out the
prospect of having access to Mr. Grigsby's correspondence
at an early day, and of according the Library the privilege
of becoming the depository of such part of it as may be of
Some of the Revolutionary papers which have been^""""'' ma ~
received in the past year contain economic information.
It is not an exaggeration to say that every large collection
of personal papers includes some accounts or letters throw-
ing light on economic conditions. The Library has, how-
ever, received a number of accessions that are principally or
almost wholly economic in character, which 'deserve especial
notice. The endeavor to collect such material is unceasing,
for the collection can never become too large. To serve its
purpose effectually, it should cover the whole country and
embrace its chief industries. Before public statistics were
kept, private accounts and business correspondence formed
the only evidence of the movement of commerce, the price of
commodities, and the cost of living. Such documents, even
after systematized statistics were kept, contain information
which official investigations and reports do not disclose.
It should be remarked, also, that, before the days of steam
34 Report of the Librarian of Congress
and electrical transportation and communication, when
communities were isolated one from another, economic
information applicable to one locality was not applicable to
another community. The Library never loses a chance to
obtain good account books, or collections of letters con-
taining trade or commercial information. Some of those
obtained during the past year are: The account books of
Woolman and Potts, 1759-1824; the papers of Robert
Carter, 1759-1805; of Wilson Gary Nicholas, 1763-1823; of
James Murdoch & co., 1775; of James Craik & son, 1790;
of Charles Loubies, 1790-1799; and the Clinch plantation
book. They cover a variety of subjects, times, and places,
from general household supplies in Philadelphia before the
Revolution, to the value of negro slaves in Georgia shortly
before the Civil War; from early land purchases in Ken-
tucky to the value of drugs in Virginia in 1790. A more
detailed account of the collections mentioned follows :
The account books of Woolman and Potts display the
prices at retail in Philadelphia in 1759 and 1760 of the ordi-
nary supplies of a household. In the same volume are
entered accounts, showing the cost of land surveying, of
drawing up deeds and wills at Northampton, N. J., from
1809 to 1812. A mercantile letter book, 1812-1814, gives
correspondence between a firm at Burlington, N. J., and
one at Providence, R. I., showing the trade between those
ports, especially in yarns, linens, and similar products.
The papers of Robert Carter of Nomini Hall are those of
a rich planter and capitalist of Westmoreland County,
Virginia. His transactions were on a large scale in the
lower counties of Virginia, with John Augustine Washington,
manager of the Dismal Swamp Company, with John Bruce, of
Williamsburg, Benjamin Harrison, of Berkeley, Archibald
Gary, Thomas and Hugh Nelson, and Lord Dunmore. He
was an exporter and importer, and, among other com-
modities, furnished bar iron. From 1774, for a number of
Report of the Librarian of Congress 35
years, he kept memorandum books, which show how his
plantations were conducted, how his negroes were employed,
the rents received from his plantations, and the like. The
miscellaneous correspondence is largely economic and social
in its disclosures, but includes much information regarding
religious affairs. About 1794 he moved to Baltimore, but
he retained material interests in Virginia.
The Clinch plantation book is a gift to the Library from
Mrs. James M. Lawton, a descendant of General Duncan
Lament Clinch and the daughter of General Robert Ander-
son. The book is a list of the negroes on the plantation
"The Refuge," near St. Mary's, Georgia, and gives the name,
age, occupation, and value of each slave. Books of this
kind are rare and of great historical value.
Closely related to the economic material is that which Social history
develops the social history of the country ; and in this group
a small but interesting body of papers was acquired from
the descendants of Count Jean Florian Jolly de Pontcadeuc.
He was a French emigrant to the United States, who settled
in West Florida in 1 809. When he escaped from France in
1793 he went to Guernsey, thence to England, and, in 1808,
came to America. He bought a plantation in Louisiana,
and died there of yellow fever in 1811. Beginning with his
arrival at Halifax in the autumn of 1808, he wrote letters
to his wife, giving a spirited account of his travels, describ-
ing places, customs, and persons, and occasionally drawing
illustrations. He tells about the journey from New York
to Philadelphia, thence by way of Lancaster to Pittsburgh;
from Pittsburgh down the Ohio and Mississippi, by flat
boat, past Marietta, Blennerhassett Island, Louisville, and
on to New Orleans, whence he went to West Florida. He
returned to Louisiana, where he hoped to establish his home.
When Count Jolly de Pontcadeuc was in West Florida it
was still Spanish territory. The Library has received, from
a lady in Illinois, an important record of the English ad-
ministration of the province, being a West Florida letter
36 Report of the Librarian of Congress
book, described as "Secretary of State's Letter Book A,
commencing i4th April, 1770, & ending 23d September,
1774, and contains copies of all the' Dispatches received from
and wrote to the Secretary of State, from the beginning of
Governor Chester's Administration until the above date in
1774 (including all Lord Hillsborough's and part of Lord
Dartmouth's correspondence). The remainder of the corre-
spondence will be carried on in Book B." The book is filled
and at the end of the last page occurs this remark:
" For the Continuance of this Correspondence, Vide Liber B.
"N. B. The next letter of this Correspondence to come on
in Book B is one of the 3oth April, 1774, from Mr. Pownall,
inclosing year's estimate."
f Unfortunately, Book B has not yet been discovered.
The first communication in the book, dated Whitehall,
1 4th April, 1770, is a circular to the governor inclosing a
copy of the Act repealing the Act "for granting certain
duties in the British colonies and Plantations in America,
&c." The letters are to and from Peter Chester, and begin
soon after Chester's arrival at Pensacola. They relate to
the settlement of Natchez, trade with the West Indies,
prospects of trade with Great Britain, Indian affairs, political
and literary information. The volume fits in with the seven
volumes of the records of West Florida transferred to the
Library by the General Land Office in 1915, dating from
1764 to 1781, and noticed in the Annual Report of the
Library for 1915.
Foreign iran- f h e transcripts from foreign archives of documents
relating to the colonial history of the United States continue
to be received in satisfactory volume. The report for 1915
gave a full account of this project, and it will suffice to
say that the record of receipts has been maintained, not-
withstanding some delays and irregularities caused by war
Report of the Librarian of Congress 37
It is with great satisfaction that announcement is made Dantiso* pa-
of the accession of the papers of Andrew Jackson Donelson,
the nephew of Andrew Jackson, and the private secretary
to his uncle during the whole of Jackson's term as President.
He was Charge d'affaires in Texas when that republic was
annexed to the United States. He was Minister to Prussia
in 1848. In 1851 he was editor of the Union in Washington.
He was the candidate for Vice President of the American
party in 1856. His diversified career, and especially his
confidential relations with General Jackson, furnished a
reason for the Library's inquiries for the papers, some years
ago, but at that time they could not be found. Recently,
through the efforts of Professor St. George L. Sioussat, then
of Yanderbilt University, lately called to fill the chair of
history at Brown University, the papers became accessible,
having been found in the country house of Mrs. Bettie M.
Donelson, now the Regent of the Ladies' Hermitage Associa-
tion. Through Professor Sioussat 's efforts, and the patriotic
interest of Mr. Robert Dyas, Mrs. Donelson's nephew, I was
permitted to see the papers, and Mrs. Donelson consented
to their becoming the property of the Government. Among
them are many letters of General Jackson, touching on the
chief phases of his career, from his military service before
the War of 1812 to the election of Polk not long before his
death. There are many drafts of his messages, and the
fair copies from which they were printed, among the latter
being the printer's copy of the Proclamation against the
Nullification party of South Carolina. Donelson's own cor-
respondence throws much light upon the Texas annexation,
and upon political affairs during his long and interesting
Among the Donelson papers, but having no connection
with them, was Edmund Pendleton's copy of the Constitu-
tion of the United States, with a few marginal notes made
by him, being the copy he used when he was President of
38 Report of the Librarian of Congress
the Virginia Convention, which ratified the Constitution in
1788; also the speech he made on calling the Convention to
order, and a copy of the printed journal of that Convention.
Poinsett papers The Donelson papers, so far as they relate to Texas, have
a relationship to the papers of Joel R. Poinsett, which the
Library obtained in the past year at a sale in New York.
The Poinsett papers pertain to Buenos Ay res, Rio de
Janeiro, Peru, and Chile. They were written in 1810 and
181 1 , when Poinsett was sent by this Government to observe
conditions in the revolting South American states and
report on them. As he was an accomplished writer and
traveler, his observations have an undoubted value and
interest. There are six of these writings a rough draft
concerning the principal characters engaged in the Buenos
Ayres revolution of 1809 (24 pages folio); two copies draft
and revised fair copy of the journal of a voyage to Rio de
Janeiro, Buenos Ayres, and Chile, 1810 and 1811 (153 pages
in all) ; two elaborate essays on the United Provinces of the
River Plate (128 pages) ; an historical essay on the Kingdom
of Chile (135 pages); notes on Chile (58 pages); and a per-
sonal narrative on conditions in Peru, Buenos Ayres, and
Chile (about 185 pages).
papers The papers of another South Carolinian, distinguished in a
different field, are those of Lewis L. Gibbes, a scientist and
educator of Charleston. They are dated from 1793 to
1891, and are of a highly diversified character. He was a
physician, but his tastes led him into scientific studies and
experimentation, especially in botany. He was professor
of mathematics in the Charleston College from 1838. Edu-
cational conditions in South Carolina, especially during and
immediately after the Civil War, are disclosed by the cor-
respondence. He assisted in the earliest efforts at making
systematic meteorological records. His correspondents in-
cluded the chief scientists throughout the United States and
Report of the Librarian of Congress 39
some in Europe among them, Joseph Le Conte, Joseph
Henry, Asa Gray, James R. Espey and Benjamin Silliman,
Among the Gibbes papers was a group of papers of James
McBride, the botanist, dating from 1808 to 1817, the latter
year being that of his death. Among his correspondents
was John C. Calhoun, from whom there are five letters,
1811-1813, confidentially disclosing his political views.
It has always been a matter of regret to the Library that, cravfrrTpapers
among accessions of valuable manuscripts relating to the
Civil War, there have not been included the papers of
Robert Anderson, the hero of Fort Sumter. The letter
books of General Beauregard have much on the subject of
the bombardment of the Fort from the Confederate side;
so has the remarkable diary of Edmund Ruffin, who fired
one of the first, if not the first shot, aimed at the Fort.
Other collections contain additional* material, and it was
with a view to further development of the Union side that
the Library obtained by purchase some of the papers of
General Samuel Wylie Crawford, who served as a surgeon
under Anderson, and wrote an account of the defense of the
Fort, under the title of "The Genesis of the Civil War."
His diary of events, from December 19, 1860, to April u,
1861, immediately preceding the bombardment, has now
been added to the Library's collections.
Mrs. James M. Lawton, General Anderson's daughter, has
deposited with the Library three interesting manuscripts of
General Anderson's his letter book from 1856 to 1859,
being his miscellaneous correspondence during that period;
a book of evolutions of batteries, 1840; and one of instruc-
tions for siege, garrison, and seacoast artillery. These
volumes are of interest in showing Anderson's proficiency in
his profession, and have been received with high apprecia-
tion of Mrs. Lawton's generous interest. Her publications,
"Major Robert Anderson and Fort Sumter," "An artillery
4-O Report of the Librarian of Congress
officer in the Mexican War," and "The history of the
Soldier's Home," show that General Anderson's papers are
numerous and valuable. It is hoped that they will yet
find their way to the keeping of the government.
Sounders letter An accession of interest, relating to the Mexican War, the
gift of Charles F. Mclntosh, Esq., of Norfolk, is the letter
book of his grandfather, Commander John L. Saunders,
U. S. N. It covers the term of his command of the U. S.
Sloop of War St. Mary's, November, 1844, to April, 1847.
It comprises orders and official correspondence of Com-
mander Saunders with the Navy Department, the fleet
commander, consuls, British commanders, port captains,
etc. It relates to the blockade of Vera Cruz, and naval
operations in Mexican waters.
Washburn pa- It is with especial gratification that announcement is made
of the gift by Miss Maiid Washburn, of Portland, Maine, of a
body of papers of her father, Israel Washburn. He was the
eldest of a remarkable family. One of his brothers, Cad-
wallader Colden Washburn, was a Representative in Con-
gress from Wisconsin, a major general of volunteers in the
Civil War, and Governor of his State; another, Elihu Ben-
jamin Washburne, a Representative in Congress from Illinois
Secretary of State, and Minister to France; another brother,
William Drew Washburn, a Representative in Congress
from Minnesota, and a Senator from that State; and another
brother, Charles Ames Washburn, was Minister to Paraguay,
one of the early inventors of a writing machine, and a journal-
ist of note. Israel Washburn was a Representative in Con-
gress from Maine, and Governor of that State during the
early half of the Civil War, after which he was Collector of
the Port of Portland. It was while he was a Member of
Congress, shortly before the Civil War, that he called a
meeting of certain leaders, who organized the Republican
party. His correspondence relates to political affairs and
the position of Maine during the Civil War. His corre-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 41
spondents include John Bigelow, Gerrit Smith, Parke God-
win, Thaddeus Stevens, William H. Seward, Edward Everett,
James G. Elaine, H. L. Dawes, Governor E. D. Morgan, and
Edwin M. Stanton.
The papers of Elihu B. Washburne, a brother of Israel
Washbum, were given to the Library in 1904.
In the annual report for 1916, the gift to the Library, by Bancroft
Mrs. J. C. Bancroft Davis, of the record which her husband
had kept of the Geneva arbitration of 1871, was mentioned
with appreciation. Mrs. Davis died last winter, and the leg-
atees under her will, through Andrew McFarland Davis, Esq.,
of Cambridge, have generously placed at the Library's dis-
posal the great mass of personal correspondence which Judge
Bancroft Davis preserved, from the time he was a Secretary
of Legation in London, in 1851, under Abbott Lawrence, to
the end of his life, when he was reporter for the Supreme
Court of the United States. When he returned from his
first diplomatic service, in 1854, he became the New York
correspondent of the London Times, and wrote for that paper
until 1862. The papers include all of Mr. Davis's letters, in
the form in which he wrote them as well as the printed copies.
Mr. Davis assisted William Howard Russell, special corre-
spondent of the London Times, and gave him advice; and, as
Russell went through the country, seeking information for
the English public, he wrote constantly and confidentially
to Mr. Davis. His letters are an interesting contribution to
Civil War history. Another important correspondent,
whose letters extended from 1870 to his death in 1893, was
Hamilton Fish, It is doubtful if any other of Mr. Fish's
correspondents was as completely in his confidence as was
Mr. Davis. They shared the same tastes professionally,
both being international lawyers and diplomatists; in re-
ligion, both being devoted Episcopalians and active in the
affairs of the Church; and in social life, both being fond of
the interchange of courtesies and information which comes
42 Report of the Librarian of Congress
with the well selected company of a dinner party. Mr.
Fish's letters disclose his views on public questions, while
he was Secretary of State and up to the time of his death.
For many years Mr. Davis was an active vestryman of
St. John's Church in Washington, and his correspondence is
full of information about the affairs of that historic parish.
A part of this branch of the correspondence relates to the
creation of the Diocese of Washington, and the separation
of this city from the Diocese of Maryland, of which it had
been a part.
When Mr. Davis was Assistant Secretary of State he kept
a diary. The first volume begins July 26, 1870, with a
circumstantial account of an interview with Charles Sumner
on the subject of the Alabama claims, and ends October 26,
1871, when Mr. Davis was about to go abroad as agent of
the United States in the Geneva arbitration. Another vol-
ume, similar in character, begins January 24, 1873, when
Mr. Davis resumed his duties as Assistant Secretary in the
State Department, and continues to May 23, 1873. A
year later he went as Minister to Berlin and there are
three volumes of the letters received in that capacity.
The entire collection of Davis papers now consists of 28
portfolio boxes of unbound letters and papers and 39 bound
volumes. With this latest accession came the first draft of the
case of the United States and the original draft of the coun-
ter case of the United States in the Alabama Claims nego-
tiations. There are also two highly valuable and inter-
esting folio volumes with the following titles: "Original
drafts and other documents concerning the negotiations at
London in 1849, 1850, and 1851 " and "Miscellaneous drafts
and other documents, principally concerning negotiations
conducted at London between 1849 and 1853." Corre-
spondence with Lord Palmerston forms a considerable
portion of these papers.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 43
DIVISION OF DOCUMENTS
(From the report of the Chief, Dr. Harris)
During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1917, the acces-
sions to the Library through the Division of Documents
were as follows:
Volumes Pamphlets Total
Received by virtue of law
Gifts of the Government of the
United States in all its branches.
Gifts of State governments
4,5 2 5
Gifts of local governments
Gifts of foreign governments (inter-
national exchange i
Gifts of corporations and associations .
By purchase, exchange, deposit, and
transfer (counted in Order Divi-
Bv binding periodicals
i, 4 so
In addition to the above, 884 maps and charts have been
received by official donation.
The total number of volumes and pamphlets handled
during the year was 45,918 as compared with 53,123 in
1915-16, and 46,043 in 1914-15. There has been a notable
decrease in the receipts from foreign governments (inter-
national exchange), the cause being a combination of
circumstances arising out of the war.
During the year special want lists were sent to the follow-
ing countries: Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, British
East Africa, British Guiana, British Honduras, British
44 Report of the Librarian of Congress
West Indies, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cyprus,
Denmark, France, Guatemala, Gibraltar, Gold Coast, Haiti,
Honduras, Hong Kong, Jamaica, Japan, Malta, Nicaragua,
Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Russia, Siam,
Sierra Leone, Spain, Straits Settlements, Sweden, Switzer-
land, Uganda, Uruguay, and Virgin Islands.
DOCUMENTS: j n addition to the regular consignments from the ninetv-
one countries on the international exchange list, the follow-
ing shipments of documents were received in response to
special requests : Agra and Oudh, 46 volumes and pamphlets;
Antigua, 44 volumes and pamphlets; British East Africa,
15 volumes and pamphlets; British Guiana, 47 volumes and
pamphlets; British Honduras, 13 volumes; British North
Borneo, 6 volumes; British South Africa, 22 volumes and
pamphlets; British West Indies, 6 pamphlets; Canada, 1,121
volumes and pamphlets ; Colombia, 50 volumes and pamph-
lets; Dominica, 29 volumes and pamphlets; Falkland
Islands, 16 volumes; Federated Malay States, 54 volumes
and pamphlets ; France, 5 volumes ; Gibraltar, 1 1 pamphlets ;
Hong Kong, 36 volumes and pamphlets; Madras, no
volumes and pamphlets; Malta, 14 pamphlets; Russia, no
volumes and pamphlets; St. Christopher and Nevis, 14
pamphlets; St. Lucia, 44 volumes; Spain, 41 volumes and
pamphlets; Virgin Islands, 6 volumes; West Indies, 126
volumes and pamphlets.
During the year the Division of Documents has been
fortunate in having received the assistance of Dr. W. T.
Swingle of the Department of Agriculture who, with the
aid of his assistant, Dr. T. Tanaka, has revised the file of
Chinese and Japanese official publications and has prepared
two extensive want lists which have been submitted to
the governments of those countries.
Japanese docu- Among the documents received from the Japanese gov-
ernment the following periodical publications are of especial
Report of the Librarian of Congress 45
Tokkyo Koho (Patent Reports). From beginning of
1908 to date, slightly incomplete, about 700 numbers.
Tokkyo Hatsumei Meisaisho (Descriptions of patented
inventions). Complete from December, 1909 to date, about
Shohyo Kono (Trademark Reports), from May, 1908,
nearly complete, about 660 numbers.
Jitsuyo Shin-an Koho (Report of practical inventions),
from beginning of 1908 to date, slightly incomplete, about
Tsusho Isan (Miscellaneous Trade), now Tsusho Koho
(Trade Reports), practically complete from the first number
to date, 850 numbers. This publication resembles our
United States Consular Reports and is issued by the Foreign
Kwanpo (Government Gazette), from June, 1908 to date,
incomplete except for last year. This contains all the
government proclamations, including Imperial laws, Im-
perial ordinances, Department ordinances, Department
regulations and public announcements, proclamations of the
local governments and parliamentary records, giving the
speeches in full. It also contains brief accounts of scientific
reports made by government experiment stations and
Horei Zensho (Government statutes), nearly complete
from its beginning in 1867, 93 volumes, 351 numbers.
The last two are published by the Government Printing
Among the documents recently received from the Chinese Cktnese docu -
Government the following railroad reports are of especial
Chin feng t'ieh lu kuan li chii ying yeh yi Ian (Statis-
tical Report of Peking - Mukden Railway) 1912. This
report contains statistical information about the business
conditions of the road, including property, income, ex-
46 Report of the Librarian of Congress
penditures, earnings, and detailed facts concerning the
Ching ban t'ieh lu kuan li chii yirjg yeh yi Ian
(Statistical Report of Peking-Hankow Railway) 1913.
This report contains the same information as that in the
report of Peking-Mukden Railway.
Ching han lu hsing chih nan (Guide Book of Peking-
Hankow Railway) 5th ed. 1914, 2 volumes. A complete
guide to the Peking-Hankow Railway, containing informa-
tion about the entire road, time tables, passenger rates,
freight rates, railroad regulations, business conditions, and
finally detailed information about the places through which
the road passes, with separate accounts of all the large
cities, their points of historical interest, best known prod-
ucts, customs, etc., with many beautiful illustrations.
Ko t'ieh lu ming kuo erli nien hiang ko shih hang
piao (Reports of conditions of Government Railways) 1915.
This report contains notices of changes of conditions on all.
the government lines, including Peking-Hankow Railway,
Peking-Mukden Railway, Tientsin-Pukow Railway, Shang-
hai-Nanking Railway, Peking-Kalgan Railway, Chengtingfu
Taiyiianfu Railway, Taokow-Chinghua Railway, Kaifeng-
fu-Honanfu Railway, Kirin-Changchung Railway, Chu-
chow-Pingshang Railway, Canton-Kowloon Railway. The
changes noted are mostly in regard to regulations en-
forced, new stations established, new connections with other
lines, new branches constructed, new bridges and tunnels
built, new properties purchased, and other facts.
Ming kuo t'ieh lu yi nien shih (History of Chinese
Railways from August, 1912, to August, 1913). Published
by the Chinese Railway Association in 1914. This report
treats of the historical changes on all of the railways, gives
contracts, regulations, construction, and future prospects
of the reads.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 47
T'ieh lu hsieh hui hui pao pa ts'ui (Extracts from the
Journals of Chinese Railway Association), 1914. This
collection contains the best of the articles written for the
Journal of Chinese Railway Association; it is the first
selection of these studies and was published by the Asso-
The number of countries on the international exchange international
list remains unchanged, being 91 at the present time.
Negotiations are in progress for the increase of this number.
The receipts of the official publications of the States of the state doc-
United States show an increase over those of the preced-
ing year. The extent of these receipts since the creation
of the Division of Documents is as follows:
1901-2 2,162 190910 6,386
1902-3 !. 589 I9 10 - 11 7./67
1905-6 3 884
1906-7 3 2 45
1907-8 4. 128
1911-12 ................... 93 Z 8
ig 12 -^ ................... 9.485
1913-14 ................... 9,283
1916-17 ................... "-095
The success of the Library in securing these official docu-
ments is, of course, due to the publication of the Monthly
List of State Publications by this Division. The increase
in the number of items received is due to the fact that
more than 40 State legislatures were in session during the
The demands on the Library for the official publications
of the various belligerent countries have been so great that
the Division of Documents has been practically conduct-
ing a reading room for research work.
During the year 5,823 volumes were sent to the Bindery.
The number of duplicates eliminated and turned over
to the Order Division for exchange with other libraries was
8,ooi (5,013 volumes and 2,988 pamphlets).
48 Report of the Librarian of Congress
(From the report of the Law Librarian, Mr. Thompson)
LAW LIBRARY: f} ie accessions durino- the year were as follows:
Bv copyright T. Rnr
By gift and transfer
4,3 2 7
Total contents of Law Library
The most noteworthy accessions have been :
CONNECTICUT. Session laws: Oct. i768-Oct. 1778 (p. 337-507); A P r -
i779-Jan. 1780 (p. 513-546).
MASSACHUSETTS. Session laws: 1756 Oct. (p. 475-476); 1757 Mar.
(p. 491-493 for 481-483); 1757 May (p. 495~49 6 for 485-486); 1778 May
(p. 179-189); 1779 Nov.-Dec. (p. 259-266 only).
NEW HAMPSHIRE. Session laws: 1776 (p. 3-25, 43-46); i?77 A P r - (P-
NORTH CAROLINA. Session laws: 1753 Mar.; 1778 Apr.; 1783 Apr.
PENNSYLVANIA. Session laws: Oct. i722-May 1723. (47 p.)
ARGENTINE REPUBLIC. Fallos de la Suprema corte de justicia nacional,
1863-97. Buenos Aires, 1864-98. 69 v. Jurispradencia de los
tribunales nacionales, 1910-14. Buenos Aires, 1910-14. 12 v.
Fallos de la Camara federal de apelacion de Cordoba. Buenos Aires,
1903-09. 9V. Fallos de la Camara federal de apelacion de Parana.
Buenos Aires, 1903-09. 10 v. Entre Rios. Recopilacion de leyes,
decretos y acuerdos de la Provincia, 1821-95. Parana, 1875-95.
BOLIVIA. Gaceta judicial, 1858-1914. Sucre, [1858-1914]. 18 v.
CHILE. Gaceta de los tribunales, 1841-1912. Santiago de Chile, 1841-
1912. IO2 V.
ITALY. Casazione unica, 1889-1915. Roma, 1889-1915. 27 v.
Special accessions by official donation :
BRAZIL. Laws of the following provinces for various years within the
periods indicated (incomplete sets) :
Amazonas. Colleccao das leis, 1860-94. 25 v. Bahia. Leis e
resolucoes, 1881, 1885, 1887. 3 v. Ceard. Colleccao de leis, 1845-
1886. 21 v. Espirito Santo. Libro das leis, 1842-87. 24 v.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 49
Gram-Para. Colleccao das leis, 1838-81. 17 v. Maranhao. Coll-
eccao de leis, 1843-64. 16 v. Minos Geracs. Colleccao de leis,
1838-84. 28 v. Parahyba do Norte. Colleccao das leis, 1880-81,
1886. 3 v. Parana. Leis e decretos, 1854-84. 19 v. Pernambuco.
Colleccao de leys, 1835-88. ijv. Piauhy. Codigo de leis, 1840-84.
10 v. Rio de Janeiro. Colleccao de leis, 1861-87. 13 v. Rio
Grande do Xorte. Colleccao das leis provinciaes, 1842-82. 4 v. Rio
Grande do Sul. Colleccao das leis e resolucoes, 1840-67. 3 v. Santo
Catharina. Colleccao das leis, 1835-86. 28 v. Sao Paulo. Coll-
eccao das leis, 1892-1907. 6 v. Sergipe. Colleccao de leis, 1850-
59- 6 v.
PERC. Loreto. Coleccion de leyes, decretos, resoluciones i otros
documentos oficiales, 1777-1908. Lima, 1905-09. 18 v.
PORTUGAL. Resolucoes do Supremo tribunal administrative : v. 8-22,
25, 1896-1913. Lisboa, 1897-1915. 16 v. Resolucoes do Conselho
deestado: v. 1-8, 10-18, 1849-73. Lisboa, 1854-74. 17 v.
RUSSIA. Zhurnal Ministerstva iustitsii, 1898-1917 Jan. St. Peters-
burg, 1898-1917. 45 v.
As special attention has been given for several years past
to the acquisition of foreign law material, so that the Library
now has a well-developed collection in this field, and as on
account of the war it is difficult at the present time to pro-
cure publications from continental Europe, efforts will be
made during the current year to ascertain what important
material is lacking in the English law collection.
The binding of the United States Supreme Court records Supreme Court
records and briefs
and briefs into volumes following the order in which the de-
cisions are printed in the United States Reports has been com-
pleted through volume 96 during the year. This rearrange-
ment of the collection has disclosed the fact that a con-
siderable number of the earlier reported cases are not
represented in the set and that there are several hundred
duplicates available for separate classification by subject or
Dr. Borchard completed the manuscript of his "Guide Guide to foreign
to the law and legal literature of Argentina, Brazil, and
Chile" before his resignation as Law Librarian took effect
November i, 1916. The author, title, and subject index has
been prepared by Miss Love of the Law Division and the
publication is now in press (October, 1917).
5O Report of the Librarian of Congress
Re-cataioguing Last April, by arrangement with the Catalogue Division,
A merican and
English Law the recataloguing of the residue of American and English
treatises in the law collection was temporarily suspended
because time could not be given to the assignment and
revision of subject headings for this material on account
of the pressure of legislative reference work during the
extra session and the indexing of the foreign law guide
noted above. As previous reports have shown, this resi-
due consists of early works rarely used and editions of
modern textbooks now largely superseded, the recata-
loguing of which may well be subordinated to more pressing
needs. This will be resumed during the recess of Con-
gress. In the interval the law cataloguers have been
devoting their attention to the accumulation of material
marked for transfer from "law" to more appropriate loca-
tions in classified sections of the main collection, e. g.,
banking and insurance law manuals to HG, business law
compends to HF, manuals for local government officers
to JS, etc., the policy in such cases being to retain in the
Law Library only the latest edition in each case for use at
Foreign law Foreign law books are not yet included in the material
subject catalogue . , , ,.
for which subject entries are made in the public catalogue
in the main Reading Room. For some time past, how-
ever, cards for a subject catalogue of this part of the col-
lection have been made currently as the printed cards
have been received, so that there is at the present time in
the Law Division in the Northeast Pavilion a subject
index to recent foreign law accessions only. The printed
cards issued before this catalogue was started are now
being taken up systematically and subject entries are
being made for the books they represent, so that it is
expected that by the end of the current fiscal year the
foreign law subject catalogue will include all titles in the
collection for which printed cards have been made.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 51
The special subiect catalogue of compilations of statute Indel f Com '
par a tine Legisla-
law and studies in comparative legislation has been con-o
siderably developed during the latter part of the fiscal year
by the addition of analytical collected in a systematic exam-
ination of the textbooks and American and English legal
periodicals in the Law Library at the Capifol. This index,
though still very incomplete, has proved to be a very useful
piece of legislative reference apparatus.
The compilations and digests of law prepared for legisla- Legislate ref-
erence u'ork at the
tive reference use which have accumulated since the organi- Law Library
zation of this service now constitute an important file of
material for quick reference work. Accordingly, in order to
aid in answering promptly inquiries by members at the Law
Library at the Capitol, a duplicate of this file from the extra
copies available has recently been organized there. This is
the beginning of a tentative program for developing the
Law Library at the Capitol as a legislative reference center
in the field of law.
DIVISION OF MAPS AXD CHARTS
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Phillips)
The following tables, A and B, respectively, show the
number of accessions for the year and the total number of
pieces in the Division of Maps:.
TABLE A Accessions, July i, 1916 to June 30,
Gift T^ 5 -
I. J.IO 60 J.
Manuscript . .
Total . .
I A1O T21
52 Report of the Librarian of Congress
TABLE B Total number of pieces in Map Division, June jo, IQIJ
Sheet maps, including pocket maps. . . .
I45 6 47
T C2. 8o7
I 57) 1 77
These tables do not include the total number of sheets in
the Sanborn insurance collection, the British Ordnance sur-
vey, and the Egyptian survey, which number as follows:
Sanborn insurance maps
Egyptian survey. . . .
No additions have been made to the British Ordnance
survey or the Egyptian survey maps since the last report.
The tables above show a decrease in material added from the
previous years of over two thousand items.
Since the publication of volume 3 of " A list of geographical
atlases," in 1914, in which 4,087 atlases were described,
972 atlases have been added to the collection, making a total
f 5>59- These additions would make a supplementary or
fourth volume, if sent to press, of about 700 pages.
In the last report mention was made of the necessity of
additional steel cases to augment the equipment of the
Division, and also to prevent congestion in the cases already
placed. On account of the present congestion the regular
Report of the Librarian of Congress 53
geographical classification has been disarranged, necessi-
tating the removal of various subjects out of the usual
An article published in "Commerce Reports" issued by the
Department of Commerce, January 5, 1917, contains ad-
vice which can not be too highly commended.
"GET THE MAP HABIT."
[Julean Arnold, American commercial attache to China and Japan]
"In touring the United States to assist American
manufacturers and merchants to a better understanding
of their trade opportunities in the Orient, I found a most
deplorable dearth of maps in chambers of commerce,
manufacturing plants, and business offices. Even
where commercial organizations were equipped with
foreign trade departments, I seldom found a map of a
foreign country in evidence in such departments. Some-
times when an inquirer asked about the location of a
city in the Orient, I found the commercial organization
through which I was working unable to furnish even an
atlas to which I might refer my inquirer.
'The American people must get the map habit, if
they are to take up seriously the question of foreign-
trade extension. A foreign-trade secretary of one of
our chambers of commerce, when commended by me
for having a trade map of the world on the wall of his
office, replied : ' I can't do without it ; never a day passes
without my having to use this map a number of times.'
\Vhen the maps are on the walls they will be used, and
when the maps are not on the walls, in nine cases out
of ten, atlas or other reference books will not be used.
When the maps are on the walls, interest in foreign
countries will be increased. An employee in an office
where a map is displayed will have his attention invol-
untarily directed to foreign trade, and sometimes ideas
of value to the firm will develop therefrom. Heads of
firms themselves will find the maps of far greater assist-
ance than they usually imagine.
54 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Knowledge o f Q ne thing is certain, and that is that one must have
tial to trade exten- some knowledge of the geography of a foreign country
if he would develop extensive trade relations with that
country in an effective manner. A map of a country
is the first essential to the study of the geography of
that country. I found everywhere throughout the
United States a deplorable ignorance of the geography
of the Orient. For some unaccountable reason most
people seem to look upon China as a country entirely
in the Tropics. When I mentioned Peking as being in
the same latitude as Philadelphia, there was much gen-
uine astonishment displayed.
"We must know more about, or, I might better say,
something about, the geography of foreign countries if
we would extend our trade abroad. I do not know how
we can make a better beginning than by getting the
map habit. Put maps of foreign countries, preferably
a commercial map of the world, on the walls of your
offices and insist upon your chambers of commerce
equipping themselves with these necessary adjuncts to
their work. See that your schools are not neglecting
this important agency in the education of your children.
I have visited a number of educational institutions in
this country in connection with my work and saw there
evidence of a dearth of maps. Spread the 'get the map
habit' idea among manufacturers, merchants, commer-
cial organizations, and educational institutions, and the
first step, and a very important one, in advancing
American foreign-trade interests will have been taken."
Accessions While the accessions have been small in numbers, those
received are of considerable interest, such as:
Arrowsmith, A. A map exhibiting all the new discoveries in the inte-
rior parts of North America. With additions to 1822.
Carwithan, I. Southeast view of the great town of Boston in New
England in America. London, C. Bowles. [1769?]
Cruz Cano y Olmedilla, J. de la. Mapa geografica de America Meridi-
onal. 1775. (8 sheets)
Denis, L. Carte du theatre de la guerre presente en Amerique. 1792.
Durnford, E. A south view of the Havana from the hill called Jesus
el Monte, col. ms.
A southwest view of the city of Havana taken in front of the
village of Guardeloup. ms.
Escandon, J. de. Mapa de la Sierra Gorda. [1747 ?] ms.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 55
Finiels, N. de. Carta de la provincia de Luisiana de la isla de Nueva Maps:
Orleans, y de la Florida occidental. 1804. Photographic reproduc-
tion from original in Madrid.
Harris, M. Plan of ... Halifax in Nueva Scotia. 1749. Said to be
the earliest engraved plan of Halifax. The only copy known is
in the French foreign office, to which it was sent from London in
1 749 by the French ambassador with a letter stating it is the first map
of the town. The original ms. drawing is in the Canadian archives.
Maire, N. Plan de la ville de Paris dresse geometriquement d'apres
celui de la Grive avec ses changements et augmentations. 12.
Paris, an xii. [1803-4] Detailed map of Paris, in 20 colored plates.
Manuscript atlas of the Philippine islands. 4. [1767?] Contains
numerous well executed maps, plans and views, in pen and ink, of
cities, harbors and forts, including larger plans of Manila, Cavite,
Fuerza de Zamba and others; also an extensive historical descriptive
text relating to the Islands, with statistical tables and indexes.
Marquette, J. Carte de la nouvelle decouverte que les r. p. iesuites ont
fait en 1'annee 1672 et continuee par le r. pere Jacques Marquette ...
accompagne de quelques francois en 1'annee 1673, qu'on pourra
nommer la Manitoume. Photographic reproduction of original in
the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris.
Monteros y Abadia, A. E. de los. Piano topographico de la villa y corte
de Madrid. Dibujado y gravado por d. Ant. Espinosa de los Mon-
teros y Abadia, Academia de la Real de las nobles artes en Madrid,
ano 1769. 9 sheets, each 24 x 34 inches. Engraved title, with large
vignette in the upper right hand corner, containing dedication to the
Conde de Aranda. with his portrait, and the Spanish coat of arms.
Moseley. E. A new and correct map of the province of North Carolina.
1733. Photographic reproduction of the reproduction in the Office
of the Chief of Engineers, War Department.
Plan of the county of Fairfax. [1749?] ms. Fairfax county was sepa-
rated from Prince William in 1742 and included what was afterward
Loudon. The whole formed Truro parish. In 1749, Cameron parish
was cut off from it and was afterward in Loudon, when that county
was separated from Fairfax in 1757. The parish of Truro was again
divided in the year 1764.
Purdy, J. A map of Cabotia comprehending the provinces of Upper
and Lower Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia, with Breton
Island, Newfoundland, and including also the adjacent parts of the
United States. London, 1814.
Rueda, M. de. Atlas Americano desde la isla de Puerto Rico hasta el
puerto de Vera Cruz. fol. 1766.
Scott, J. An atlas of the United States. 12. Philadelphia, 1796.
Texeira, P. Facsimil de la topographia de la villa de Madrid descripta
por don Pedro Texeira, ano de 1656. La reproduccion se hizo en la
Direccion general del Institute geografico y estadistico ... en el ano
de 1881. 20 sheets, each 17^ x 22 inches. Engraved title, with
elaborately illustrated dedication to "Philippo iv," accompanied
by list of parishes, convents, hospitals, etc.
16341 17 5
Report of the Librarian of Congress
King George col-
Vizitelly, A. Fort Moultrie, Charleston harbor. 1861. col. ms. view.
Fort Sumter, Charleston harbor. 1863. col. ms. view.
Sketch of Charleston defences. 1863. col. ms. view.
Wilkinson, R. New map of America. 1807.
Worlidge, J. A new map of east and west New Jersey. By John
Thornton, London, [n. d.] A survey of west New Jersey was made
for Daniel Coxe by John Worlidge and John Budd in 1690-91. The
original of this map was burned, but it had been copied by Lewis
Morris in 1706, which copy was afterwards duplicated by David
Jamison in 1713. In 1693, Worlidge 's name appears as one of the
justices of the county court of Cape May county. On the map pub-
lished by Thornton, annotations appear in regard to the bonds of
Gov. Bass's first and second purchases of Indian lands. Jeremiah
Bass was governor of West New Jersey for a short period in 1698-
1699. Cf. Proceedings of the Surveyors' association of West New
Various publications are now ready for press, but under
present conditions the Chief of the Division recommends
only the following: "A list of atlases and maps applicable
to the world war, " and "A descriptive list of maps and views
of Washington and District of Columbia, including Mount
So many requests were made at various times for copies
of the engraved and manuscript maps described in "Cata-
logue of maps, prints, drawings, etc. ... 2 v. London, 1829,"
known as "The King George Collection," that photographs
have been secured of all (no less than 90 in number) not
already in the Division of Maps.
DIVISION OF MUSIC
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Sonneck)
Accessions of the Music Division for the fiscal year ending June jo, 1917
Literature of music . .
Report of the Librarian of Congress 57
Contents of the Music Division at the close of the fiscal year, June jo, 1917
The Division contained up to June 30, 1916,
volumes and pieces 717, 739
Accessions during the fiscal year, volumes and
Total on June 30, 1917 741, 265
Literature of Music:
The Division contained up to June 30, 1916,
volumes and pamphlets 33, 848
Accessions during the fiscal year i, 146
Total on June 30, 191 7 34, 994
The Division contained up to June 30, 1916,
volumes and pieces 20, 033
Accessions during the fiscal year 829
Total on June 30, 1917 20, 862
Grand total, volumes, pamphlets, etc 797, 121
The accessions during the past fiscal year amounted to Mrac DIVISION:
25,501 volumes, pamphlets and pieces (Music: 23,526;
Literature of Music: 1,146; Musical Instruction: 829-53
books proper, of which 16 are second copies.) This total
includes 1,664 "Second copies" and 8,732 volumes and
pieces marked "Reserve storage."
The Music Division now contains (estimated) 797,121 contents
volumes, pamphlets, and pieces (Music: 741,265, Litera-
ture of Music: 34,994, including librettos; Musical Instruc-
tion: 20,862, including teaching pieces, etudes, and other
music of an instructive type.)
Though acknowledged at the time, the gifts of rare Gifts
periodical numbers by Messrs. George Fischer of J. Fischer
& Bro., Ripley & Tapper, Lorenz, Salmaggi, The Oliver
Ditson Co., the Theodore Presser Co., may be mentioned
here, as also the gift by Mr. T. Carl Whitmer of the
original manuscript of his "How lovely, Lord of Hosts,"
and "Remember now thy Creator," by Mr. Erwin
Schneider of Ludwig Schneider's " Gregorianische Choralge-
sange" and the original manuscript of his collected unpub-
58 Report of the Librarian of Congress
lisried harmonization of Gregorian hymns, by Messrs. J.
Fischer & Bro. of a set of Norden's edition of Russian
Church Music and of an early Andre edition of Haydn's
Purchases f^e Library acquired during the past year original manu-
scripts by- the following composers : Matthew Cooke ; W. H.
Dayas; Theodore Dubois; G. Federlein; L. Ganne; Joseph
Gould ; Gilbert Heathcote (volume of autograph part songs) ;
P. Hillemacher; G. Hue; V. d'Indy; Leonardo Leo (volume
of Introits, graduals, etc., signed and dated February-April,
1744); Leoncavallo; A. Lowell; L. C. Mackenzie; Massenet;
Mozart (Aria and rec. " Ergo interest-Qua re superna," 1770;
Kochel no. 143; Wyzewa and Saint-Foix no. 79); R. Pappe-
ritz; G. Pierne; G. O. Pitoni; E. F. Richter; F. L. Ritter;
G. Ropartz; Saint-Saens; H. Schrimpf; Frank Taft; Abt
Vogler (volume of 30 divertissements), and Samuel P. War-
ren (1841-1915) at the auction of whose fine library the
Library of Congress participated with success.
Cummingssaie These manuscripts, with exception of course, of Leo,
Mozart, Vogler, can not compare in value with a number
of those historically important manuscripts acquired
toward the end of the fiscal year at the sale of the library
of the late W. H. Cummings, Mus. Doc., of London, one of
the most important musical collections ever formed by pri-
vate hands. Since, the items acquired have not all reached
us, only the briefest summary can be given. It will speak
for itself, and I need not point out how remarkably our col-
lections will have increased in importance to scholars when
once such rare and interesting books as are mentioned in
the summary are on our shelves; for instance:
Autograph scores by Abel; Arne; J. S. Bach; W. F. Bach;
J. C. Bach; Balfe; Barthelemon; Bassani; Bennett; Bishop;
Boyce; dementi; Cramer; Crotch; Field; Greene; Handel;
Haydn; Haynes; Hook; Jomelli; Loder; Lotti; Meyerbeer;
Pepusch; H. Purcell; Rossini; Schubert; Shield; Storace;
Sullivan; Weber; S.Wesley; S. S. Wesley.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 59
Printed works or manuscripts. Apollo's Banquet, 1690;
Ariosti's Cantatas and lessons, [1728?]; Blow's Pleasant
Musical companion, [17-]; Boyce's Peleus and Thetis (i8th
cent, ms.); Carey's Six cantatas, 1732; a collection of
1 80 loyal songs, 1685; Clarke's Choice lessons for the
harpsichord, [16-]; Cooke's Directions for playing on the
flute, 1730; Corbetta's Varii capricii, 1643; Couperin's
L'art de toucher le clavecin, 1717; Croce's Geminate
compendio, 1642; Davenant's Cruelty of the Spaniards
in Peru, 1658; Den gheestelijeken nachtegael, 1634;
d'Urfey's New collection of songs, 1683; Eccles' Musick-
lector, 1667; Faber Stapulensis' Arithmatica decem libris
demonstrata, 1496; Frescobaldi's Toccate e partite, 1615 and
Primo libro delle canzone, 1628; Hasse's La Serva scaltra
(i8th cent, ms.); Hofer's Tabiilatiir-Buch (ms. 1602);
Jackson's Observations, 1791 (first ed.); six vols. of Kaps-
berger's music, 1604-1612; Kirchenordnung, Wittemberg,
J 539; de Saint- Lambert's Les principes du clavecin, 1702;
Le Jeune's Meslanges de musique, etc., 1 606-18 (complete);
Litanies for the use of Dominican nuns (i4th cent, ms.);
Locke's Observations upon a late book, 1672, and Melothesia,
1673; Marenzio's Quinto libro de madrigali, 1588; Matteis'
Arie diverse, 1685; Mattheson's Pieces de clavecin, 1714;
Melissus' Psalmen Davids, 1572; Morland's Tuba Stentoro-
Phonica, 1672; Mozart's Six sonatas, [London, 17-]; Muel-
ler's Der Geistlichen Erquick-Stunden, 1691; Muffaf's
Florilegium primum, 1695; Newte's Lawfulness and use of
organs, 1701; H. Playford's Banquet of musick, 1688;
J. Playford's Cantica sacra, 1662-74, his Musick's delight
on the cithren, 1666, his Catch that catch can, 1667 and
his Musick's hand-maid, 1678; The Whole book of psalms
(R. Everingham), 1688; Marot and de Beza's Pseaumes,
1566 and 1608; a number of original eds. of Dan. Purcell's
music; H. Purcell's Songs in the Indian queen, 1695, his
Choice collection of lessons for harpsichord, 1696, his Ten
60 Report of the Librarian of Congress
sonatas, 1697, and his and Blow's Jovial companion (Walsh's
ed.); Ravencroft's Deuteromalia, 1609, and Whole book of
psalmes, 1621; Reggie's Songs (1679); Collection of Russian
popular songs, St. Petersburg, 1806; Salter's Genteel com-
panion, 1683; D. Scarlatti's xui suites de pieces pour le
clavecin, [17-] and Chefs d'oeuvre for the harpsichord
(Clementi), [18-]; Scelta de canzonette italiane, London,
1679; Scheidt's Concertum sacrorum vocum, 1622, and
Tabulatura nova, 1624; a miscellaneous ms. collection of
Shakespeare music; Greene's Amoretti, [17-]; The Spinnet
or Musical miscellany, 1750; Synopsis of vocal musick by
A. B. Philo-Mus., 1624; Frizzoni's Testimoniaunza, Cel-
lerina, 1789; Thesaurus musicus, 2d and 3d eds. ; Veracini's
Senate, op. i-n, 1744; Voigtlander's Allerhand oden und
lieder, 1647; Warren's Tonometer, 1725; Wither-Gibbons'
Hymns and songs of the Church, 1623.
Among acquisitions of note not acquired at the Cummings
sale, were the following: Amsterdamsche Pegasus, 1627;
Antiphonarium, Lugduni, 1699; Apollo's Feast, Second
Book, [17-] (Walsh no. 337) ; Bailey's New Harmony of Zion,
Newbury Port, 1788; Battishill's Select pieces for the organ
or pianoforte [1805?]; Bennier's Cantates f ran poises, [1706-
13], 4 v. ; Het boek der psalmen, Amsteldam, 1778 ; B. Carr's
Musical journal, Philadelphia, 1800 (complete first vol.);
Chapin and Dickinson's Musical instructor, 1810; Clari's
Sei madrigali (London, 1765?); W. Cooper's The beauties
of church music, Boston, 1804; Corelli's Sonate, op. I
[-iv], London, Johnson, 17- and his Concerti grossi, Am-
sterdam, Roger [1712?]; Directorium chori, Romae, 1668;
The fashionable preceptor for the pf., London, 18-; The
First church collection of sacred musick, Boston, 1805;
Funk's Die allgemein niitzliche choral music, Harrisonburg,
1816; Thomas Greeting's Pleasant companion, 2nd ed.,
1673; Haydn's Armida (transcript of the full score);
Holden's Worcester collection, Boston, 1803; B. Holt Jun. 's
Report of the Librarian of Congress 61
The Xew England sacred harmony, Boston, 1803; The
Island princess, London, 1699 (libretto) ; L 'Affilard 's Prin-
cipes faciles, 1705; Andrew Law's Art of singing (Composite
second ed., 1794-99) and his Select harmony, Farmington,
1779; Little and Gardner's A collection of sacred hymns for
the use of the Latter Day Saints, Bellows Falls, 1844;
Little and Smith's Easy instructor, Albany [1798?] (ed.
complete with 104 p. and also that complete with 112 p.);
Mattheson's De eruditione musica; Motteux's Love's tri-
umph, London, 1708; Mouret's L 'amour et 1 'hymen, 17-
and other cantatilles; Mozart-Lachnith 's Les mysteres
d'Isis, Paris, ; many hundreds of Xew York concert
and opera programs accumulated during half a century by
the late Samuel P. Warren; a valuable lot of i8th cent.
Portuguese opera librettos; Xieuwenhuysen's Stigtelijke
digtstukjes, Utrecht, 1788; De C L psalmen des propheten
Davids, Amsterdam, 1744; Les psaumes de David, Amster-
dam, 1708; Lespseaumes de David . . . approuves par le
Synode Walon des Provinces-unies, Amsterdam, 1754;
Rameau's Treatise of music, London, ; Daniel Read's
Columbian harmonist, Boston, 1810; John Reading's Book
of new anthems, 17-; Roman antiphonary, ms. on vellum,
late 1 2th cent.; Ruiz de Ribayaz, Lvz y norte mvsical para
caminar pot las cifras de la guitarra espanola, Madrid, 1677;
William Thomason's ms. book of psalm-tunes, (Vermont),
1752; Burk Thumoth's Forty-eight English, Irish and Scotch
airs, London, ; Troparion (Greek ms. with neumes on
vellum, end of i2th cent.); Verhandeling over de musiek,
's Gravenhage, 1772; The village harmony, nth ed., New-
buryport, 1812; C. M. von Weber's Hymne "In seiner Ord-
nung," Berlin, [1812?] (first ed.); J. X. Wainright's Set of
chants, Boston, 1819; H. Waters' Heavenly echoes, Xew
An item of purchase remains to be reported which was out
of the ordinary in every respect. It was offered as the
62 Report of the Librarian of Congress
" musical estate of Anthony Philip Heinrich." One would
look in vain for this name in the histories of music in
America, now most before the public. Yet he was a com-
manding figure in his day in the American musical world.
In the forties and fifties of the last century festivals on a
"grand scale" were devoted to his music in New York,
Boston, Philadelphia, and he was not unknown in Europe,
where his music was performed in concerts at London,
Dresden, Prague, Graz. Born to affluence in Bohemia in
1781, "Father Heinrich" as he came to be familiarly
known, except when some hyper-enthusiast preferred to
call him the "Beethoven of America," died in extreme
poverty in New York in 1861 after one of the strangest
lives in the annals of music. Heinrich did not begin to
compose until 1818, when he had retired to Bardstown,
Kentucky, after his failure in business a few years previous.
Then he began to write music in amazing quantities, of peculiar
quality and of unlimited ambition. Hundreds of his minor
works for the voice or pianoforte were published in America,
but all his larger scores remained unpublished. Nor is this
surprising : about the year 1 830 Heinrich began to compose
here in America for an orchestra every bit as extravagant
as that of Berlioz. Unfortunately the musical ideas back
of his orchestration were an ingrown development of the
style prevalent among the imitators of Haydn. To this
must be added a fatal tendency to write programmatic
music of the descriptive variety. Thus his huge scores
were destined, contrary to his own expectations and those
of the many admirers of this eccentric and yet so child like
genius, to so speedy an oblivion that, as stated above, our
current histories of music in America are silent on the
historically most important American composer of the first
half of the nineteenth century, he was important also for
the fact that, though not the first to recognize the North
Report of the Librarian of Congress 63
American Indian as a fit subject for music, he was the first
to do so in symphonic and choral works of large dimensions
calling for an orchestra of almost Richard Straussian pro-
portions, and indeed the first to show, as a symphonic
composer, pronounced nationalistic aspirations.
It is, therefore, worthy of special note that the Library of
Congress quite unexpectedly (for a slight consideration)
gained possession of the bulky volume of Heinrich's "Memo-
randa" (letters, programs, and clippings from newspapers),
of many of his published compositions not in our regular
files and of most of the unpublished scores mentioned in the
'Nomenclature" of his works drawn up by him about
1857. ^ n d of these manuscript scores the majority are
in Heinrich's own hand, including, for example, his "The
Columbiad; grand American national chivalrous symphony, "
"The Columbiad or Migration of American wild passenger
pigeons, a characteristic symphony." "Homage a la Bo-
heme; grande simphonie bohemienne," "The hunters of
Kentucky; sinfonia di caccia," "The Indian carnival; or
The Indian's festival of dreams. Sinfonia eratico-fan-
taschia [!]" "The Indian war council. Gran concerto
bellico . . . for 41 instrumental parts," "The Jagers adieu.
Scored for 32 instruments," "Concerto grosso Johannisberg;
or The festival of the vintagers on the Rhine," "The jubilee;
a grand national song of triumph," "Manitou mysteries; or
The voice of the Great Spirit. Gran sinfonia misteriosa
indiana," "The Mastodon; a grand symphony in three parts,"
"National memories; an heroic overture," "The ornitho-
logical combat of kings; or The condor of the Andes and the
eagle of the Cordilleras. A grand symphony," "Pocahontas,
the royal Indian maid and the heroine of Virginia, the pride
of the wilderness. Fantasia romanza," "Schiller; grande
sinfonia dramatica," "To the spirit of Beethoven; the monu-
mental symphony," "A grand oratorical divertissement:
The tower of Babel; or The languages confounded." "The
Report of the Librarian of Congress
treaty of William Penn with the Indians; concerto grosso,"
"The wild wood spirits' chant; or Scintillations of Yankee
Doodle, forming a grand national heroic fantasia scored for
a powerful orchestra in 44 parts."
During the past fiscal year 60,670 cards were added to
our catalogues as against 31,188 in 1916. Of the total
57,981 cards (49,485 of which belong to the sub-class M)
were prepared in this Division and were not supplied by the
Catalogue Division. The total includes 3,552 cards written
as usual for our Index to current musical periodicals; it does
not include shelf -list cards, and the like.
The impressive total of cards represents largely bound
sheet music copyrighted between 1820 and 1860., We have
now reached the year 1854 and presumably the remaining
third of this material would have been disposed of, too, had
not unexpected changes of personnel interfered seriously with
this work, obviously important but deferred from year to
year by sheer force of circumstances.
The music class catalogue was revised completely with a
view to increased usefulness . to the public and ourselves.
The technical problems involved were many and complex.
By devising a special scheme of distribution of cards to be
filed in this catalogue, it is hoped that administrative work
in connection with it has now become easy.
It was further considered advisable to facilitate 'public
use of our music catalogue (puzzling to the public from the
very nature of music whatever method be adopted) by
separating music entries into these distinct catalogues:
i, Composer; 2, Class; 3, Titles; 4, First lines; 5, Authors
of texts. For reasons of convenience, also a separate
catalogue of American sheet music publications before 1 860
There have been classified 10,249 pieces of sheet music
published in America 1860-1869. This now narrows the
arrears of unclassified minor copyright music down to the
Report of the Librarian of Congress 65
years 1870 to about 1897. With exception of this material,
practically all our music is now classified hence readily
accessible on the shelves. Though the pieces number many
thousands, the prospect of clearing the arrears within a few
years is bright. Current music is classified daily. The
classification of certain groups, church music and national
music, was revised either completely, or in partial adjustment
to the development of the cataloguing project.
The Shakespeare exhibit was continued, but was replaced
at the end of the fiscal year by one presumably the first of
its kind, at least on this scale of "Original manuscripts of
American composers.'' More than 100 American com-
posers, from the time of Alexander Reinagle (1756-1809)
to date, are represented, each by one work. Most of the
works exhibited were selected from the vastly larger col-
lection of such manuscripts presented to the Library by the
composers or their publishers during the last 15 years. The
exhibit, if it receives deserved publicity, will act as a stim-
ulus to composers and publishers who have not yet made
their contribution to the national collection, either because
they have not yet been approached in the matter or have
not yet sent their promised gifts. A few of the scores ex-
hibited belong, not to the Library but to the National
Federation of Music Clubs, which, through the initiative of
Mrs. James O. Dickens, of Mobile, Ala., is beginning to
accumulate original manuscripts of American composers for
deposit in the Library of Congress.
In the Main Exhibition Halls the Music Division has a
miscellaneous exhibit of original manuscripts of European
composers. The one of rare printed music and books on
music in the Music Division proper has been continued.
In addition to the foregoing, Mr. Sonneck has submitted
a special memorandum upon the situation and needs in the
Music Division. A large portion of it is devoted to ques-
66 Report of the Librarian of Congress
tions of administration. Among the more general observa-
tions I quote the following :
"I had calculated that by the end of 1917 the collec-
tion in custody of the Music Division would surely have
become second to none as a general international col-
lection. The war has somewhat upset this calculation,
yet not enough to modify my opinion that, inclusive of
the marooned German orders of 1914-15, our collection'
of music and books on music is now surpassed as a gen-
eral international collection perhaps by Berlin alone,
certainly not by the British Museum and still less by
other libraries. Of course we must concede our abso-
lute inferiority to the British Museum and to the insti-
tutions at Berlin, Vienna, Munich, Paris, Brussels, and
elsewhere in certain special fields, but if comparisons
are made we may very properly fall back on our musical
Americana, in which our superiority is just as absolute.
"The organic development of the collection has
reached a point where further development will largely
depend on clearing my compilations of desiderata not
yet ordered or received, on chance in the matter of
rarities and on expert routine in the matter of current
publications. It would be unsafe to attempt such
development without expert professional guidance. In
the absence of such guidance I suggest the policy of
resting at arms and restricting purchases to obviously
advisable or necessary items until expert guidance is
"When the time for a resumption of the policy of
organic development arrives, I suggest that Works for
chorus (sacred and secular), Oratorios (transcripts),
etc., would seem to call for early consideration as also
our collection of National music and folk-music. The
latter is already very substantial but does not measure
up to what it might be and what it was my plan to
make it in the near future.
"While our collection of British music prior to 1800
in view of the historical basis of musical life in
America has been developed assiduously, I held back
on German music prior to Bach because of visions
Report of the Librarian of Congress 67
of an en bloc purchase in the not too distant
future. The same applies in a way to fearly French
music, though the opportunities will probably be
"A similar en Woe vision explains why we have not yet
acquired to any noteworthy extent portraits, papers,
letters, and memorabilia of musicians. In the case of
portraits there was also the danger of duplication,
since many such portraits are simply torn out of books,
etc., as the finding list of the portraits in the Music Divi-
sion will show.
"Our collection of specimen autograph scores of Autograph
- . .... ,. scores
foreign composers is beginning to show contours. It
will be easy to keep track of such composers of dis-
tinction as are not yet represented at all or not ade-
quately. I make a special plea for acquiring, if finan-
cially and otherwise possible, a complete work by
Beethoven, a mature work by Mozart, and a Wagner
in addition to the little album leaf and at least one
complete score by all other great composers of the front
" I do not doubt that our already significant collection
of original manuscripts of American composers can be
at least doubled.
"It has been the policy during the last 15 years
to collect comprehensively the published works of new
composers who have 'arrived,' are about to 'arrive,'
or who have created controversial discussion of their
tendencies. The Library of Congress has come to be
known universally among the cognoscenti as the place
where a thorough study of the works of new men is
likely to be possible. It would be a pity if this policy
did not become traditional and a mistake, because our
impressive total of purchases of old (but once new)
music and books on music foreshadows how enormously
costly it would be in one or more hundred years from
now to assemble for purposes of adequate study the
works of composers who flourished from about 1 800 on.
"Xot all modern composers of eminence are as yet
adequately represented, but my successor will find it
comparatively easy by a study of our bibliographi-
68 Report of the Librarian of Congress
cal reference works and biographies, in books or maga
zines, to continue to fill in gaps. Special care should
be taken after return of peace to catch up with desira-
ble music and books on music published in Continental
Europe during the war.
"Historical publications. The one big task that I
had set for myself personally for the future was a com-
plete analytical catalogue of the historical publications
of old music in continuation, more or less, of Eitner's
similar work. I discussed this plan, during my last
visit to Europe with some of the foremost musical
scholars of Europe and they urged me to undertake it.
This remark is inserted here merely to illustrate the
importance of such a work from the point of view of
"I think that sets like the several 'Denkmaler,' etc.,
are too valuable to be left unrepresented by printed
cards with contents."
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Slade)
^ e numDer of current periodicals received through the
Periodical Division this past year was 7,712. During the
spring of 1916 periodicals published in Germany and Austria
ceased coming, and lack of receipts from these countries
reduces both the number of different periodicals received
and the whole number of separate items received. The
number of journals published in countries of the Central
Powers which the Library normally receives is a few over 500.
The number of periodicals currently received (7,712 as given
above) includes second copies of periodicals taken up from
the Copyright Office, now 1,254 i n number, and 927 journals
deposited by the Smithsonian Institution. In these statis-
tics no account is taken of official documentary serials, nor
of yearbooks, almanacs, annual reports, and other serials
of a similar nature handled in other divisions of the Library.
If material of this kind, in other libraries sometimes called
"periodical" and counted as such, were also included, the
Report of the Librarian of Congress 69
total periodical receipts of the Library would reach a far
The whole number of periodicals received in the Periodical
Division, less than the number received during recent years
because of the cessation of receipts from the Central Powers,
was 108,528 (last year, 123,514).
New titles were added during the year, through sources
as specified, as follows: Copyright, 245; gift, 446; subscrip-
tion, 39; Smithsonian Institution, 154.
The number of newspapers received is 882, of which 792
are American and 90 foreign. Of the American newspa-
pers received 594 are published daily and 198 weekly. Of
the foreign newspapers received 77 are daily and 13 weekly.
The number of newspapers retained for binding is as A ' cu ' s
follows: American, 219; foreign, 77; total, 296. This total
is somewhat less than that of last year, seven German news-
papers and four Austrian newspapers on our usual binding
list having stopped coming in March, 1916.
The binding during the year was as follows : Newspapers,
2,900 volumes; periodicals, 4,479 volumes. (Last year:
Newspapers, 949 volumes; periodicals, 4,272 volumes).
The increase in the amount of newspaper binding results
from the binding of arrears on hand at the commencement
of the year.
During the year 6,183 volumes of newspapers and 12,111
volumes of periodicals were served to readers. (Last year,
7,257 volumes of newspapers and 12,965 volumes of peri-
odicals.) The number of bound volumes of periodicals
served to readers represents only the service from chapter
AP, or the chapter in the Library classification which con-
tains general periodical material. If the service from the
other chapters in the Library classification containing special
periodical material were included the figures would be very
much greater. Statistics are not kept, and are hardly pos-
sible, of the use in the Periodical Reading Room of unbound
yo Report of the Librarian of Congress
and current material, including both newspapers and peri-
A most gratifying fact to be chronicled in connection with
this exhibition of statistics is the cordial interest manifested
by publishers in the maintenance of our receipts of current
material this in the face of existing print paper conditions.
Free lists of many newspapers have been suspended, but in
reply to our letters publishers have very generally stated
almost invariably so in the case of papers most in demand
that exception would be made in favor of the Library of
Congress, while other publishers, if suspending free lists at
all, continued sending issues to us as formerly. The result
has been that our customary receipts of newpapers have
continued almost unabated, while the flow of periodical
material coming as a gift has steadily continued.
Newspaper Among American eighteenth century newspapers acquired
is a file of the City Gazette and Daily Advertiser, of Charleston,
S. C., for January i-December 24, 1796, published by
Freneau & Paine. For the greater part, however, recent
additions of American eighteenth century newspapers have
been by single numbers. This must be the usual manner of
increase, for our collection in this department is now so
large that the longer runs needed for it are, ordinarily, only
those infrequently offered for sale, and much desired by
collectors. Among numbers added are the following:
Alexandria Advertiser, May 20, 1797;- Maryland Journal, and
Baltimore Advertiser, 6 numbers in 1777; November 9, 1778
(Extraordinary issue); Boston Chronicle, January 4 and 22,
1770; Continental Journal and Weekly Advertiser, Boston,
May 28, 1778, September 16, 1779; Exchange Advertiser,
Boston, September i, 1785; Boston Gazette, or Weekly
Journal, July 21, 1747; Independent Chronicle and Universal
Advertiser, Boston, 19 numbers in 1786; Independent Ledger,
and the American Advertiser, Boston, 5 numbers in 1778;
Massachusetts Spy, Boston, April n and July 25, 1771;
Report of the Librarian of Congress 71
Mercury, Boston, April 29, 1794; Boston News-Letter,
October 15, 1761; Federal Galaxy, Brattlebo rough, Sep-
tember 20 and November 22, 1800; Royal South Carolina
Gazette, Charleston,. March 28, September 12, and supple-
ment to March 5, 1782; American Recorder, and the Charles-
toii'n Advertiser, Charlestown, Mass., 4 numbers in 1786;
Freeman's Oracle, and New-Hampshire Advertiser, Exeter.
September 19, 1786; Greenfield Gazette, May 12, 1796;
Connecticut Courant, Hartford, April 14, 1772; Guardian of
Freedom, Haverhill, October n, 1793; Newhampshire Sen-
tinel, Keene, 5 numbers in 1799 and 2 in 1800; Rising Sun,
Keene, February 17, 1798; Connecticut Gazette, New Haven,
December 27, 1765, and February 19, 1768; Connecticut
Journal, and New-Haven Post Boy, January 15, 22, 29, 1768,
August 17, 1770, May 15, 22, 1772, September 3, November
26, December 10, 17, 1773, March 4, April i, 1774, January
18, 1775; Con necticut Journal, New Haven, April 10, 1776;
New-Haven Gazette, and the Connecticut Magazine, 10 num-
bers in 1788; Connecticut Gazette, and the Universal Intelli-
gencer, New London, June 6, 1777; Connecticut Gazette,
New London, 4 numbers in 1795; New York Journal, or
General Advertiser, 41 numbers and supplements in 1767;
Newport Mercury, December 6, 1783; Norwich Packet,
March 16, October 2, November 6, 1775; Providence Gazette
and Country Journal, June 4, 1785, 10 numbers in 1787,
August 31, 1793; Providence Gazette, 25 numbers in 1795,
1 1 numbers in 1796, 5 numbers in 1797, 7 numbers in 1798,
1 8 numbers in 1799, 28 numbers in 1800; United States
Chronicle, Providence, September 13 and November 29,
1787, 4 numbers in 1796; Argus, Putney, May 18, 25, and
July 27, 1797, September 22 and October 20, 1798; New-
hampshire Journal: or, the Farmer's Weekly Museum, Wai-
pole, May 2 and June 27, 1793.
16341 17 6
72 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Among other newspapers coming to the Library were
scattering numbers of the Neivhampshire Sentinel, Keene,
1802-1810, Emancipator, New York, 1835-1850, Ports-
mouth, N. H. Journal, 1836-1853, Providence Gazette, 1801-
1804, Providence Patriot, 1814, and Springfield Republican,
1838-1842; and in addition, the National Guard, Camp
Pennsylvania, Baltimore, June 26 and July 4, 1861 ; Christian
Banner, Fredericksburg, Va., May 20, 1862; Clarion, Jack-
son, Miss., October 25, 1866; New Orleans Daily Crescent,
December 28, 1860; Courrier des Opelousas, April 18, 1863;
Grant's Petersburg Progress, Petersburg, Va., April 3, 1865;
Southern Statesman, Portsmouth, Va., May 21, 1857; Rich-
mond Whig and Public Advertiser, April 14, 1857, and Febru-
ary 28, 1860; Daily Evening Citizen, Vicksburg, October 17,
1860; Winchester Army Bulletin, Winchester, Tenn., July
ii and 17, 1863; Ohio Review, Cuyahoga Falls, November
30, 1 833-December 12, 1834; Rockingham Register and Ad-
vertiser, Harrisonburg, Va., scattering numbers, 1860-1863,
and files for October 14, i869~October 17, 1873, November
14, i878-June 23, 1881, October 23, i884-October 14, 1886,
October 20, i887-October 11, 1889; Kingston, N. Y., Demo-
cratic Journal, April 28, i852-April 19, 1854, November 24,
1 858-November 14, 1860; Political Reformer, Kingston,
N. Y., May 29, 1 839-November 18, 1840; Rondout, N. Y.,
Courier, April 3, i868-October 8, 1869; Sentinel of the Valley,
Woodstock, Va., July i, i826-June 20, 1828.
Foreign newspapers added to our collections include vol-
umes of the Algemeen Handelsblad, Amsterdam, 1828-1904,
making our file of this important journal complete from the
beginning; a run of the Royal Gazette, Fredericton, New
Brunswick, November 2, i836-October 31, 1838, and two
runs of the Head Quarters, also of Fredericton, October 12,
i853-December 26, 1855, January 2, i86i-December 24,
1862, containing interesting comment on contemporary
events in the United States; Lewis Goldsmith's publication,
Report of the Librarian of Congress 73
the Anti-Gallican Monitor and Anti-Corsican Chronicle,
London, January 2, i8i4-January 8, 1815; Bell's Weekly
Messenger, London, 1820, 1822, 1823, 1826; London Chron-
icle, July 5-December 29, 1787, December 30, 1797-June
30, 1798; Courier, London, June ^-December 31, 1807,
March 2-December 19, 1808; General Evening Post, London,
December 31, 1 793-December 30, 1794; and numbers of
Le Manifeste, Le Patriotc. and Le Temps, Port-au-Prince,
Hayti, for various dates in the period 1841-1843.
The thoughtful generosity of Mr. Frank A. Munsey
brought to the Library 325 bound volumes of the New
York Sun covering the period 1885-1916, inclusive. The
volumes are in excellent condition, a condition far superior
to that of those already on our shelves. Duplication of a
paper in such constant use is more than desirable, and the
gift is a most acceptable one.
Through the gift of Mr. Jasper J. Mayer, the Library
possesses a collec ion of various humorous journals, posters,
bulletins, and mwspapers issued in Petrograd during the
Russian revolution of the spring of the present year.
Only a few periodical accessions are here mentioned :
The Illustrated Chicago Xeu-s, April 24-June 13, 1868,
containing drawings by Thomas Xast, is an acquisition of
considerable bibliographical rarity.
The Morning Star, published in Limerick, Maine, and later
in Dover, New Hampshire, November 2, i826-Febraary 20,
1834, 144 numbers, added to files already in the Library.
This journal was a Freewill Baptist organ. Brewster, in
his " Life of William Burr," who for a considerable period
was its editor, says it was largely due to the Star that New
Hampshire was lost to the pro-slavery party in 1 846, and John
P. Hale elected to the L : nited States Senate. The Library
already possessed the paper for that year.
Blagdon's Weekly Political Register, London, vols. 1-3,
no. 4, October 4, iSog-January 23, 1811, brings to the
74 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Library an item infrequently found. It was the personal
organ of William Blagdon, at one time associated with the
Morning Post. Printed in the same manner as Cobbett's
Register, and in opposition to Cobbett, Blagdon's Weekly
Political Register contains a series of articles bearing the title
"Biographical memoirs of William Cobbett, the Hampshire
demagogue." The animus of the series is apparent from the
title. The Dictionary of National Biography says that
"Blagdon's Weekly Political Register never seems to have
appeared." The Library has acquired a complete file.
Politics for the People, London, nos. 1-17, May 6-July 29,
1848, another acquisition of political material, contains
"Letters to the Chartists" and other articles by Charles
Kingsley offered under the pseudonym of "Parson Lot."
Archdeacon Hare, Sir Arthur Helps, and Professor Conington
were among the other contributors to this journal.
In addition, the Library acquired, among other periodical
items, the Hive, Lancaster, Pa., vols. 1-2, no. 51, 1803-
1805; Hutchings.' California Holiday Pictorial, San Fran-
cisco, Christmas, 1857, and New Year, 1858; Illuminator,
Boston, scattering numbers, 1835-1837; Ladies' Magazine
and Album, Boston, vols. 10-11, 1848; Methodist Preacher,
Boston, vols. 1-2, 1830-1831; Portsmouth Weekly Magazine,
Portsmouth, N. H., vol. i, nos. 5-50, 54, 1825; Rural Re-
pository, Hudson, N. Y., 1830-1831; Seventh-Day Baptist
Memorial, New York, vols. 1-3, 1852-1854; Varieties, San
Francisco, scattering numbers, 1858-1862; Britannic Maga-
zine, London, vol. 12, nos. 164-185, 1806-1807; Cheap Maga-
zine, Haddington, vols. 1-2, 1813-1814; Monthly Literary
Advertiser, London, nos. 21-80, 1807-1811; Monthly Maga-
zine, London, n. s., vol. 3, 1827; Museum, London, vols. 1-2,
n. s., vol. i, nos. 1-7, 1823-1824; Sea-Pie, London, vol. i,
1842; Ilustracion Historica Argentina, Buenos Aires, afio
1-2, 1908-1910; Revista de Telegrafo, Madrid, vols. 8-13,
Report of the Librarian of Congress 75
1868-1873; Revista National, Buenos Aires, vols. 1-46, 1886-
1910; Rivista d'Arte, Florence, anno 2-9, 1904-1916.
During the year, 294 memoranda were compiled in answer Researck
to questions submitted by correspondents. The greater part
of the activity of the Periodical Division, so far as it touches
research and reference work, involves offhand response to
inquiries, and service of material, either as it may be specifi-
cally called for, or as it may, through descriptions furnished,
seem to meet the needs of investigators working in particular
fields. Record of work of this kind can hardly be kept. Its
bulk has greatly increased on account of the new war activi-
ties of the Government through its usual organization and
through the new agencies established, multiplying the day-
to-day calls upon us.
DIVISION OF PRINTS
(From the report of the Acting Chief, Professor Rice)
The increase of the collection has been :
By copyright... 3,358
By purchase 706
By gift 558
By transfer 382
By exchange 36
The collection of prints now numbers 397,945.
During the year the purchase of prints for the Library of
Congress collection has been limited to examples of the
American, Dutch, English, French and German schools.
Among the notable accessions to the Gardiner Greene
Hubbard collection are twenty-five prints of the "Liber
studiorum" by J. M. \V. Turner, mostly in the first state,
and excellent impressions; twenty-four etchings and dry-
points by van 'sGravesande, a Dutch artist of distinction;
twenty proofs by Charles A. Platt, the American etcher and
architect; also fine examples of the work of Haden, Fitton,
j6 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Lalanne, Legros, Millet, Palmer, Webster and Zilcken; in all,
one hundred and sixty-two prints have been added.
As the mats hitherto used were too thin to protect ade-
quately the engraved surface of the prints and had to be
replaced constantly, owing to the slight resistance to tearing,
a stouter mat of better quality has been selected. The finer
and more valuable prints will gradually be rematted in this
new board, and as it is of a more agreeable tone than the old
white board, the effect of such prints as are placed on exhi-
bition is correspondingly heightened, and this has been
mentioned with appreciation by many visitors.
The causes alluded to in last year's report as prevent-
ing the addition of many books of signal importance to the
Division of Prints seem to have prevailed in even greater
force during the past year. Certain it is that very few of
the items recommended for purchase have as yet reached
the Library shelves. As is natural under the conditions of
a great war, a diminishing number of books o'n the subject
of art are written, and of these not many find a publisher
unless related in some way to the war. Conspicuous among
them are a number of books dealing with the architecture
and art of Belgium, some of a purely popular character, oth-
ers the fruit of painstaking research, stimulated by the
determination to preserve the record of whatever is monu-
mental in that long-suffering country.
During the year we have secured a complete set of the
Bulletin Monumental, numbering eighty-one volumes.
The following additional titles may be noted: Francis
Bond, "Church art in England"; Ezra Pound, "Gaudier
Brzeska: his life and work" ; Arthur Gardner, " French sculp-
ture of the i3th century"; Raymond Cox, "Soieries d'art,"
101 plates; Maurice Drake, "Saints and their emblems";
Theodore Duret, "Whistler"; E. P. Evans, "Animal sym-
bolism in ecclesiastical architecture"; A. Goffin, "Saint
Francois d'Assise"; Kate Greenaway, "Almanacs," and
Report of the Librarian of Congress 77
other illustrated books; T.G.Jackson, "Gothic architecture
in France, England, and Italy"; J. S. Lewis, "Old glass and
how to collect it"; F. P. B. Osmaston, "Art and genius of
Tintoret"; Octave Mirbeau, "Cezanne,"' Paris,-i9i4.
Each of the belligerents has published a large number of
war posters, of more or less artistic design. Of these we have
been able to acquire a fairly representative selection, which
have been mounted in a way suitable for inspection and
Among the gifts should be noted the following:
1. Forty-six engravings by Alfred Jones, noted engraver
of the American School. Presented by his daughter, Miss
E. M. Jones, Yonkers.
2. Twenty-eight engraved bookplates. Presented by J.
and E. Bumpus, London.
3. Seven wood engravings by Fritz Endell, New York.
Presented by the artist.
4. Rubbing of the Xestorian Monument, Sianfu, China,
8th century. Presented by Dr. Berthold Laufer, Chicago.
The transfers from other institutions and from other
divisions of the Library included:
1. Fourteen etchings by Haden and Lalanne from the
2. Thirty-six photographs of the Panama Canal from the
Department of State.
3. Twelve photographs of public buildings in Montevideo,
The following were received by exchange :
Eleven Russian war posters from Hamilton College, Clin-
ton, X. Y.
The following exhibitions were put in place during the EiH>it*m
i . Collection of sixty-one medallic portraits of celebrated
personages of the Renaissance period, by some of the well-
known Italian sculptors of that time, such as Antonio Pisano
7 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress
called Pisanello (1380-1450); Matteo de Fasti (ca. 1446-);
Sperandio (ca. 1440-1528); Niccolo Florentine (1430-1499);
Leone Leoni (1509-); Giovanni Boldu (/L 1457-1 466);
Andriano Fiorentino (ca. 1490-); Costanza (ft. 1481); Fran-
cesco Raibolini, called Francia (1450-1517); Giovanni An-
tonio de Rossi (ca. 1517-1575).
2. Selection of Chinese books and manuscripts from the
Orientalia Section. This exhibition was prepared under the
direction of Dr. Walter T. Swingle, of the Department of
Agriculture. It includes 50 items classed under the heads
of: Early printed books, gazetteers, largest books in the
world, treatises on natural history, works on seals, stone
classics, epigraphy, modern Chinese books, and some mis-
The early Chinese books comprise eleven, printed before
the discovery of printing in Europe. One of them, the
Pai k'ung liu t'ieh was apparently printed before 1190,
possibly during the Chien Yen period (1127-31), in which
case it is the oldest book in America. The three largest
works in the world, represented by a few sample volumes,
contain, respectively, 5,020, 22,937 an d 35,000 volumes.
Another noteworthy work exhibited is a palace edition on
rites and ceremonies, written by the first Ming emperor,
T'ai Tsu (1368-1398) and published in 1530.
3. Recent accessions to the Gardiner Greene Hubbard
collection, numbering 162 etchings, dry-points, mezzotints,
etc. , purchased with the income of the Mrs. Gardiner Greene
Hubbard Fund. They comprise works of some of the repre-
sentative artists of the modern schools, such as: Bejot,
Bracquemond, Benson, Buhot, Fitton, 'sGravesande, Haden,
Howarth, Lalanne, Legros, Lepere, Palmer, Platt, Roth, J.
Andre Smith, etc., and 25 plates from Turner's "Liber
4. Permanent exhibit in the southwest pavilion, second
floor, illustrating the most important processes of the
Report of the Librarian of Congress 79
graphic arts and some of the photo-mechanical processes,
such as: Wood engraving; Line and Stipple engraving;
Etching, including Soft-ground and Dry-point; Aquatint;
Mezzotint; Lithography and Chromo-lithography; Photo-
mechanical processes, especially Photogravure and Typo-
The illustrative material consists of prints, plates, and
wood-blocks. An historical account and description are
given of each process, together with photographs of the
various tools used by the engraver or etcher.
The exhibit has proved of great interest and help to the
visitors in their study of the several classes of prints on
5. In commemoration of the three hundredth anniversary
of the death of William Shakespeare. The exhibit com-
prised 31 prints and 49 books, covering the portraits of
Shakespeare; views of Stratford-on-Avon ; single and col-
ected works of Shakespeare, octavo and folio editions and
specially illustrated editions.
6. In commemoration of the three hundredth anniversary
of the death of Pocahontas. The collection consisted of
prints and miscellaneous material lent by the Pocahontas
Memorial Association, Washington, D. C., through its
President, Miss Ella Loraine Dorsey. The exhibition had
reference also to the statue of Pocahontas, by William
Ordway Partridge, to be erected on Jamestow T n Island, Va.,
by the Pocahontas Memorial Association.
7. In commemoration of the centenary of the founding
of the American Bible Society, New York City. The collec-
tion comprised 52 prints and 84 books, limited to the fac-
similes of early manuscripts, early editions and versions of
the Bible, Polyglot Bibles and specially illustrated Bibles.
8. Collection of 24 etchings by Dwight C. Sturges, lent
by Messrs. Doll and Richards, Boston, Mass.
8o Report of the Librarian of Congress
9. Confederate Reunion at Washington, D. C., June
25-28, 1917. The collection comprised portraits of the
leaders in the Confederate service, 1861-1865; historical
prints, manuscripts and broadsides. Among the manu-
scripts of special interest were the account-book of the Con-
federate Department of State; and Act of the Confederate
Congress, April 27, 1863, for the issue of 8 per cent bonds;
General Beauregard's report on the Battle of Shiloh; a
message of President Jefferson Davis to the Confederate
Congress, December 7, 1863; muster rolls and requisitions
10. History of American wood engraving. This special
exhibit showed the development of the American school of
engraving, beginning with the work of the first American
wood engraver, Alexander Anderson, 1775-1870, down to
the modern artists, best represented by the members of the
Society of American Wood Engravers. The collection com-
prised a number of wood blocks by Anderson, with impres-
sions from the same; illustrations appearing in books and
periodicals, and individual prints published throughout the
nineteenth century. The most important engravers repre-
sented were Aikman, Anderson, Anthony, Bernstrom,
Closson, Cole, Dana, Davis, Evans, Harley, Heineman,
Johnson, Juengling, King, Kingsley, Kruell, Linton, Muller,
Putnam, Whitney, Wellington, and Wolf.
SEMITIC AND ORIENTAL DIVISION
(From the report of Dr. Schapiro, for the Semitica, and Dr. Swingle
for the Orientalia)
Deinard coiiec- ^ noteworthy accession to the Hebrew collections during
the fiscal year ending June 30, 1917, was a collection con-
sisting of 2,300 items. This collection, brought together by
Mr. Ephraim Deinard and purchased by the Library, forms
part of a larger collection which, due to war conditions, has
been detained in Palestine. With the exception of approx-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 81
imately 200 books of Judaica, the new collection represents
mainly Hebrew and Yiddish literature, thus considerably
enlarging and supplementing the former two Deinard Col-
lections presented by Mr. Jacob H. Schiff.
The Hebrew books cover various branches of Hebrew lit- Hebrew
erature. The BibHcal, Talmudic, and liturgical fields are
especially well represented. There are a great many im-
portant editions of the Bible and numerous Hebrew com-
mentaries of recent date, as well as several Talmud editions
suchastheSulzbach, 1766-1770, the Vienna, 1860-1872, some
tractates of the first and second Venice edition by Bomberg,
and that of the Jerusalem Talmud, Cracow, 1609, all of
which were wanting in the previous collections. Modern
Hebrew literature is also extensively represented, including
a number of important Hebrew periodicals published in
various lands. As an exceptional feature, however, may be
mentioned the considerable number of works on pedagogical
subjects, and particularly methods of teaching and learning
Hebrew not only as a classic language, but as a living tongue,
as it has been revived in Palestine during the past thirty
years, and is gaining more ground in modern Hebrew schools
in various countries, including the United States.
The collection also contains many first prints, among
them a few Hebrew manuscripts and the fifteenth century
edition of "Bechinoth ha-Olam" by Jedaiah ben Abraham
Bedarshi. (Soncino, 1484.)
Among the Yiddish books are found the most representa- Yiddish inert*.
tive works in this language that have been published during '
the past twenty-five years. Most of them may be classed
in the domain of belles-lettres. There are, however, in this
group some important historical and scientific works, as well
as a number of periodicals; and about 200 Yiddish songs,
religious and secular, accompanied by music, which form
a valuable addition to those already in the possession of
the Library. The acquisition of the new Yiddish material
82 Report of the Librarian of Congress
has substantially enriched the Yiddish branch of this
Several hundred valuable Hebrew and Yiddish books and
pamphlets have been acquired by the Library through pur-
chase from various bookdealers, by copyright, exchange, and
gift. It should be noted here that there has been a noticeable
increase in the number of Hebrew books obtained by the
Library in the form of gifts.
Exchanges Through the medium of exchange several important items
have been obtained. In order to enlarge and complete the
Hebrew collections, all Hebrew duplicates found in the Li-
brary and in the Deinard Collections, which could be dis-
pensed with, were brought together, and typewritten lists
of them prepared. These lists were sent to a number of
libraries and institutions possessing Hebrew books, and the
exchange thus established has proved highly advantageous
to the Division. By this scheme, the principle of exchang-
ing Hebrew books for none but those in the same language
was strictly adhered to and was found to operate satisfac-
torily. We have also exchanged duplicates with scholars
who were desirous of availing themselves of this privilege.
About 1,200 volumes of the Hebrew collections were
sent last year to the Bindery a small number for lettering
only. With the completion of this work neafly all the
Hebrew material contained in the two Deinard collections
has been bound.
Classifying and The cataloguing was chiefly concerned with the Mishnah,
Talmud, and Responsa literature. In addition to these
classes the Division has handled all the copyrighted Hebrew
and Yiddish books, having them catalogued and the proofs
read. There were also prepared catalogue entries for a
great many books in Arabic and its cognate languages.
More than 2,000 books were classified in accordance with
the old temporary scheme which was in use up to the present
time, due purely to practical necessities. It is planned,
however, that with the beginning of next year all the
Report of the Librarian of Congress 83
Hebrew material shall be arranged according to a new
classification scheme of Hebrew literature devised by this
Division in collaboration with Dr. \V. F. Koenig of the
Classification Division. The new scheme is to become
the permanent one, for it is believed to be most suitable
for the purpose in hand.
(Based on a memorandum furnished by Dr. Swingle).
During the past year upwards of six thousand six hundred East Asiatic col-
j lection purchases
volumes of Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Tibetan, Manchu, and
Mongolian books have been added to the Library of Congress.
The approximate figures are: Chinese, 536 works in 6,295 v l-
umes; Japanese, 17 works in 112 volumes; Korean, 46 works
in 70 volumes; Manchu, one work in 64 volumes; Mongol,
77 works in 78 volumes; Tibetan, 106 works in 120 volumes.
These books have for the most part been purchased from
dealers in China and Japan.
Arrangements made with a number of large book firms
in China and Japan now permit the purchase of oriental
works in the same way that European works are handled.
This is very difficult to accomplish, because small dealers
both in China and Japan expect cash payments for works
taken out of their shops. It has been arranged to have
such purchases financed by the larger dealers for a small
Notable progress has been made in building up a general Chinese books
reference library of Chinese books and also in the further
strengthening of the two special fields the one including
Science, Geography, Agriculture, the other including Art,
Archaeology, Bibliography, and Biography in both of
which fields the Library of Congress is preeminent in the
Xew World and probably the equal of any library in Europe.
Professor S. C. Kiang, of the Chinese Department of the
University of California, a Chinese scholar and holder of
the Chii Jen degree, spent the summer of 1916 working in
84 Report of the Librarian of Congress
the Library of Congress for the Bureau of Plant Industry
and acquired a great familiarity with the contents of the
Chinese collection. He was kind enough to furnish a list
of books of reference needed to round out the collection
and make it a general reference library of the greatest
utility to investigators. Bids were secured from Chinese
book dealers on the works thus recommended and most of
them are now in place on the shelves of the Library of
In the autumn of 1916 the first draft of the catalogue
of the Chinese collection was finished, its scope being
enlarged to include not only all independent books but also
some ten thousand works represented in Collectanea. This
work, noted more in detail in the report of the Catalogue
Division, has for the first time permitted a large Chinese
library to be arranged systematically on the shelves;
it also allows of the individual works being found, charged,
and replaced on the shelves as easily as books in any other
increasing use of AS a. result of the rapid and systematic growth of the
collection and of the completion of the preliminary cata-
logue it is gratifying to report a greatly increased use of
the Chinese collection during the past year by Govern*-
ment bureaus and Chinese investigators. The Bureau of
Plant Industry has drawn heavily on the collection in con-
nection with the preparation of abstracts and translation
of Chinese literature on the varieties, uses, and geographical
distribution of Chinese food plants. No fewer than ten
Chinese students, both government and private, have
made use of the collection, some of them for several months.
In one case a candidate for the doctor's degree in economics
in Columbia University of New York City secured permission
of the University authorities and of the Chinese Govern-
ment to carry on his work in the Library of Congress and
Report of the Librarian of Congress 85
has accordingly spent six months so far working in the
It may now safely be said that the Library of Congress
Chinese collection is the largest, most readily accessible,
best catalogued, and most used of any in America. In
many lines it is already the equal if not the superior of
any in western countries. Some of the more interesting
acquisitions of the past year are mentioned below.
The Library contains a number of early Chinese printed
books. No fewer than nine works printed during the Sung
or Yuan Dynasty, the earliest about 1120 and the latest
before 1368 A. D., are included in the collection, together
with two early Ming works published before 1450 A. D.
These books are included in an exhibit which is noted more
in detail under the report of the Division of Prints.
During the past year two additional early printed Chinese
works were secured. One of these is Ta tien ho shang chu
hsin ching, the Heart Sutra with a commentary by the
Buddhist high priest Ta Tien. This copy is a Yuan Dynasty
edition, probably printed in some Buddhistic monastery,
as the plates were engraved in 1360 A. D. by the priest
Chieh Yuan. This is a small work of a single volume con-
sisting of 37 folios. Another early Chinese printed work
of unusual interest is the San fang k'ao so, an encyclopedia Early Chinese
written during the Sung Dynasty by T'ung Chiin-ch'ing,
in 200 books. The edition secured by the Library was
printed during the Yuan Dynasty from blocks engraved
in 1320 A. D. As the blocks were badly worn when this copy
was struck off, while the paper seems to be of the charac-
teristic Yuan Dynasty quality, it is probable that it was
printed about the middle of the i4th century. It is bound
in fifty 'silk-covered volumes inclosed in six brocade-covered
cases with jade fasteners. The subject matter of this
encyclopedia is arranged under some 46 general heads,
86 Report of the Librarian of Congress
among them, such scientific topics as mathematics, astron-
omy, geography, foods, economics, bibliography, biography,
etc., which were not treated at any length in the ordinary
literary encyclopedias of that period.
The Library has been fortunate in being able to secure
during the year three very important works giving authentic
texts of standard Chinese works: (i) A partial set of the
earliest extant text of the Chinese classics. A set of rub-
bings of the K'ai Ch'eng stone classics of Sianfu, beautifully
mounted and bound, were secured from Professor S. C.
Kiang and were formerly in the library of his grandfather,
Kiang Shu-yiin, a Hanlin academician and thereby neces-
sarily holder of the highest examination degree, Chin shih.
These rubbings were taken from stone monuments engraved
Authentic edi- in 837 A. D. and constituted the oldest complete text extant
tions of standard
Chinese works of the Chinese classics. Unfortunately only three of the
classics are perfect in this set of rubbings, but a fourth is
almost perfect; and the set includes larger or smaller por-
tions of most of the other classics as well as the complete
text of two important lexicographical works on the classical
texts. These rubbings are more perfect than could now be
obtained from the damaged monuments at Sianfu. (2)
Authentic texts of T'ang Dynasty authors. The second
Sung Emperor, T'ai Tsung, ordered a commission to bring
together all important literary works published between
525 and 975 A. D. This compilation, in 1,000 books, nine-
tenths of it devoted to the T'ang authors, was completed in
987 A. D., but remained in manuscript for nearly six hundred
years, being finally revised, corrected, and printed about
1570 A. D. It is entitled Wen yuan ying hua, and our
set is bound in 160 volumes. Alexander Wylie, in his
"Notes on Chinese literature," says: "It now forms the
standard of appeal with regard to the accuracy of many of
the T'ang productions." (3) A collection of authoritative
texts of Chinese works of more than usual interest from a
Report of the Librarian of Congress 87
scientific standpoint is contained in the Hsiao chin t'ao yuan,
a collection of reprints edited by Ch'en Hai-p'eng and issued
in 1805, containing 172 individual works bound in 240
volumes. It contains works of Han, Chin, Tang, Sung,
and Ming authors, many of them works of the first im-
portance for a study of geography and history. This col-
lection, long out of print, is now almost impossible to secure.
Among other things it contains the text of the Chu fan
chih, or description of barbarous peoples, by Chao Ju-kua,
a thirteenth century geographical work of which a most
valuable annotated translation has been published by
Professor F. Hirth and the late W. W. Rockhill. A score
of other works of equal scientific interest, most of them
long out of print and impossible to find elsewhere in accurate
reproduction, are to be found in this great collection of
In any historical or scientific investigation on China
there is great need for determination of the period of pub-
lication of Chinese books. This can sometimes be secured
through the biographical account of the authors, and some-
times in technical bibliographical works. During the past
year the Library has bought a large number of works in these Biographical
two classes, so that it now has undoubtedly one of the best works
collections in these fields outside of China. The collection
now contains approximately 96 independent works on biog-
raphy and 230 works of this character reprinted in Ts'ung
shn; on bibliography approximately 109 independent works
and 150 works reprinted in Ts'ung shu. Among these items
might be mentioned the Li tai ming hsien lieh nu shih
hsing p'u. This work in 157 volumes contains no less than
9,956 folios or over 19,000 pages; it was published in 1793.
"It is the most comprehensive bibliographical compilation
in existence," says W. F. Mayer (Reader's manual, 1874).
As the biographies in this work are arranged according to
the official system of rhymes, difficult of use by foreign stu-
16M1 17 7
88 Report of the Librarian of Congress
dents of Chinese, an index to the family names has been pre-
pared to facilitate the finding of the biographical sketches.
The copy secured by the Library of Congress, although for
the most part clearly printed, is on defective paper, often
torn or with holes in the printed pages. Another copy of
the same work was located in the Legge collection of Chinese
books in the New York Public Library, and as it was also
defective in a similar way arrangements were made to bring
the New York copy to Washington and repair the torn pages
and insert the missing characters in both copies, thereby
rendering available to scholars two complete copies of the
Another large and important biographical work secured is
the Kuo chao hsien ch'cng lu, by Chiao Hung, a Hanlin
academician and a famed scholar. It contains biographies
of famous people of the Ming Dynasty from its beginning in
1368 A. D. to 1566 A. D., all classified according to their
occupations or characters. Although well written the work
is criticised by Chinese authorities for the severity of its
censures of certain personages and for the failure of the
author to cite the sources of his biographical data. This
work was arranged and put into shape for publication by
Ch'en Kan when he was engaged in compiling dynastic
history during the Wen- Li period (1573-1619 A. D.) The
copy in the Library is a Ming edition dated 1616 A. D. in
1 20 books, bound in 120 volumes.
Chinese encydo- fhe Chinese were great lovers of encyclopedias centuries
before they were known in Europe. Old works of this class
are now invaluable in the study of the history of Chinese
sciences, arts, or industries, as the original works quoted or
abstracted in the older encyclopedias have many of them
disappeared. Besides the Yuan edition of the Sung ency-
clopedia San fang k'ao so, mentioned above, ten Ming
Dynasty encyclopedic works were secured, several of them
printed before 1500 A. D. Among the more interesting of
Report of the Librarian of Congress 89
these encyclopedic works is the CVven cVueh lei shu, by
Ch'en Jen-hsi, the national historiographer who wrote
towards the end of the Ming Dynasty. This is a voluminous
classified collection of excerpts published in 1632 and
includes some 1,400 articles in all. Two books out of the
1 20 comprising the work, the nth and i-jth, treat of the
Manchus in so free a manner as to have led to the inclu-
sion of the work in the Official Index Expurgatorius of th'e
Manchu Dynasty, as requiring the suppression of these two
books. The copy secured by the Library, however, has
these two books supplied in manuscript. A part of the
preface was also missing when the work was received, but has
since been completed by an unusually adept calligrapher in
Peking whose copy on Ming paper so closely resembles the
printed pages that it is almost indistinguishable from them.
This encyclopedia, said to be a very good specimen of its
class, is difficult to secure in a complete state. Written, as
it is, by the learned compiler of the now current revision of
Sze-Ma-Kwang's great history of China, it is of much value
for students of Chinese history.
As was noted in last year's report, the Chinese collection Chinese
. , . ~ . , i
now possesses a very large number ot omcial provincial,
prefectural, and district gazetteers. These works are full of
the most detailed and valuable information about the nat-
ural products, industries, and local history of China and are
indispensable in any thorough study of China and the
Besides these official gazetteers a few geographical works
of an unusual character were secured. The most interesting
of these is the Pa min t'ung chih by Huang Chung-chao,
an early gazetteer of Fukien Province. The copy secured
by the Library is the original edition published in 1492
A. D. and is a clear impression on good paper in an excellent
state of preservation. It is divided into 57 books and is
bound in 36 bulky volumes. This is a work often cited by
90 Report of the Librarian of Congress
subsequent writers for its accounts of oranges and other
products of Fukien.
Another work of much interest is the Nan hsiin ch'eng
tien, compiled by Kao Chin, an account of four tours of the
Emperor Ch'ien Lung through the central Chinese prov-
inces, made between 1751 and 1765, published as a palace
edition in 1771 in 120 books bound in 48 volumes. This work
embodies much valuable geographical information and con-
tains a hundred or more excellent double page illustrations
of interesting localities visited.
Among the rarer and more interesting geographical works
is the Ming shan shing kai chi, a work compiled by Ho Tang
and published about 1 634 near the end of the Ming dynasty.
Ho T'ang collected several hundred descriptions of famous
mountains of China; of these about 30 per cent were by
authors who wrote before the beginning of the Ming Dynasty
(1368 A. D.) and the remaining 70 per cent were by Ming
authors. In view of the important part mountains play in
Chinese literary and religious life this monumental work in
48 good-sized volumes is sure to prove a mine of interesting
information. The authors of Chien Lung's Imperial Catalog
criticised it, claiming that the articles were not well selected,
which caused a lack of uniformity in style. For the student
of Chinese historical geography and folk lore, however, these
articles written by long-forgotten minor authors, whose
works have mostly perished, are likely to add interest to
the collection rather than to detract from it.
Another work secured last year, though very different
in character, serves to throw light on the part mountains
play in Chinese literature. It is the Ch'i shih erh feng tsu
cheng chi, by Wu Ying-wong, published in 1744 in 88 books
bound in 24 large volumes. This work includes writings of
all scholars, poets, artists, retired officials, monks, and
learned women who have lived among the 72 peaks of the
Tung Ting Mountain in Lake Tai near Soochow in Kiangsu.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 91
Almost all classes of literature are represented, but poetry
During the past year an attempt was made to prepare a lVorkf <** cu-
ruse art and ar-
union list of the Chinese works on art and archaeology to be
found in the United States. It soon appeared that the
Library of Congress was already much richer than any other
library in America in works of this character. This is very
fortunate, in view of the fact that the Freer Museum now
under construction will shortly house one of the finest col-
lections of Oriental art in the world and will undoubtedly
bring a demand for works of reference on the history of
Oriental art. During the past year additional purchases
have been made of works of this character and at the present
time the Library collection is doubtless richer than any
other in western countries in works on this subject.
Among these works on Chinese art might be mentioned:
Hua shih hnai yao by Chu Mon, a well-known treatise on
Chinese painting from the earliest times, with biographical
accounts of famous painters. It also contains one book on
Hua fa, or methods of painting. The copy secured by the
Library is the original edition published at the close of the
Ming Dynasty in 1631 A. D. in 5 books bound in ten
Wang shih shu yuan by Wang Shih-chen, a treatise on
calligraphy, which in China is considered as a fine art, rank-
ing with painting. The author was a well-known official
and writer of the late Ming Dynasty. He was not a good
calligrapher himself; indeed, he said: "There lives a god in
my eye, but a devil in my arm." This work comprises ten
books and has two supplements, one in eight books and one
in ten books. The Library secured a late Ming or early
Ch'ing edition, bound in eight volumes.
A curious work entitled Hung hsueh yin yuan t'u chi, by
Lin Chin, a Manchu official, is a record of the events of his
life and picturesque scenes observed by him in the course of
92 Report of the Librarian of Congress
his travels. The original edition of this work, printed in
1849, is in three parts, bound in six volumes, and contains
several hundred double-page folding woodcuts very clearly
printed and doubtless of some historical and geographic
interest, in addition to their value as samples of Chinese
book illustrations of the period. That the work is popular
in China is shown by the fact that a cheaper small-sized
reprint was published in Shanghai in 1 884.
The completion during the past year of a provisional cata-
logue of the ten thousand or more works contained in the
Ts'ung shu or Chinese Ts'ung shu, or collections of reprints, in the Library
collections of re-
Prints of Congress, has emphasized the importance of this class of
works, which are indispensable in building up a working col-
lection of Chinese books. Accordingly the Library has pur-
chased during the past year nearly all of the works of this class
offered for sale in China and Japan that it did not already
possess. As a result the collection now contains about 150
Ts'ung shu, some of them exceedingly rare and containing
works of the greatest importance in all classes of Chinese
literature. Mention has already been made of the Hsiao
chin t'ao yuan, doubtless the most important work of this
class so far secured by any American library.
Although the Library has added only a few Japanese
books to its collection during the past year, those secured
Japanese books were o f much interest. An almost complete set of the pub-
lications of the Toa Dobun-kwai (Oriental iso-hieroglyphic
society) was obtained, although many of these works are
out of print. This society has headquarters at Tokyo but
maintains a school at Shanghai and has been active in pub-
lishing in Japanese original works and translations on the
commerce, geography, and politics of China. In all, 16 in-
dependent works and one bi-monthly journal were obtained.
Of the independent works, four are on economics or indus-
tries, six on commercial geography, four on political economy
Report of the Librarian of Congress 93
and diplomatic history, and two are maps. Among these
works two deserving especial mention are:
(1) Shina Seiji Chiri-shi, Political geography of China,
2 vols. 1913-1914.
(2) Shina Keizai Zensho (Complete manual of Chinese
Economical Conditions), 12 vols. 1907-1908. Treats of the
commerce, banking, transportation facilities, commercial
practices, insurance, labor, agricultural products, lumber,
mines, manufactures, publishing industry, etc., a most
valuable manual of Chinese commerce and industry.
Two other Japanese works of unusual interest are the
Ko-bunko, or abstracts from Chinese and Japanese litera-
ture, and the Gunsho-Sakuin, Index to subjects in the
Ko-bunko. Both works are by Professor T. Modzume, who
for thirty years has labored to bring to completion this
gigantic work, said to contain abstracts from 100,000 Chinese
and Japanese books, and which when completed will fill
twenty large octavo volumes (western style) averaging
over 1,000 pages each. The first five volumes of the Ko-
bunko and the first two of the Gunsho-Sakuin have been
received. This work bids fair to be of great utility as a
convenient guide to a vast bulk of oriental literature. For-
tunately Professor Modzume gives the editions and pages
of the works which he abstracts or quotes, thus greatly
facilitating reference to the original texts.
Particular attention has been given during the past
year to the collation for binding of scientific Japanese
periodicals, a work in which Doctor T. Tanaka of the
Bureau of Plant Industry has rendered efficient help. A
number of sets of Japanese scientific periodicals have been /</>< *
secured and arrangements have been perfected by which
missing numbers of sets already in the Library can be
secured promptly and at reasonable prices. This, it is
believed, will enable the Library to strengthen its collection
94 Report of the Librarian of Congress
of Japanese works in this peculiarly important field of
scientific, historical, and artistic periodicals which embody
the latest results of Japanese investigations along western
scientific lines and on the history, folklore, art, and antiqui-
ties of the orient.
During the past year the Library acquired a small collec-
tion of Korean works formerly in the possession of the
Korean Minister at Washington, the Hon. Soh Kwang-pom,
who early distinguished himself in his native land for his
proficiency in Chinese composition and was made assistant
Korean books royal librarian when still a very young man. This collec-
tion includes a series of 22 manuscript works on the organiza-
tion of the various departments of the Korean Government,
giving a detailed account of its condition in 1 895 or there-
abouts. Among the printed books are the Tai myeng you!
kang, or the Ming Dynasty laws of China, which had the force
of law in Korea until the close of the nineteenth century ; the
Tai tyen hoi thong, the institutes of the Korean Govern-
ment, a standard work in five volumes; also the Buy An,
a project for the reorganization of the Korean Govern-
ment, published in 1894. Several of the works in the
collection are in the mixed language, Chinese with Korean
phonetic particles, introduced about 1890 and ^used offi-
cially until the end of Korean independence. Another
interesting work is the Tiyo ayen ryak tai yo ran, an abridged
record of the reigns of the Korean emperors down to -i 863
A. D., an anonymous work in manuscript, in three books
bound in three volumes. The personal or tabooed names
of the emperors are all concealed by a flap of red paper which
must be lifted in order to see the Chinese character. This
work is not listed in Courant, "Bibliographic Coreenne."
These works, together with several Korean histories, furnish
valuable material for a study of the transformations under-
gone by the native Government before its final downfall.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 95
A Manchu work of unusual interest secured during the
year is a complete copy of Mbn han chtian wen san shih
erh fi sheng ching fu, the Poem on Mukden in Chinese
and Manchu in 64 volumes, of which 32 volumes are each
in a different ancient style of Chinese character, and the Mmcku books
remaining 32 each in a corresponding newly invented
style of Manchu script. In 1748, by order of the Manchu
Emperor Ch'ien Lung, a commission undertook to invent
these new styles of Manchu writing. Three years were
spent in this work and the Emperor himself often took
part in their labors. The Emperor ordered the newly
invented quadratic Manchu script to be used in future for
all seals of the Emperor, Ministers, tribunals, and patents,
and all officers above the sixth rank, as well as for patents
bestowing high honors and hereditary titles of rank.
From about 1750 to 1911 seals using these quadratic
characters occur on Chinese official documents, many of
them of great historic interest. The full understanding of
these seals and the translation of the inscriptions they bear
will be greatly facilitated by the Man han chuan wen san
shih erh fi sheng ching ju. This work is also of interest
from an epigraphic standpoint as it records a deliberate
effort to make over an alphabetic script of western origin
into as close an approximation as possible of ancient styles
of Chinese idiographs. Manchu writing, like Mongol, was
derived from the Syrian estrangelo alphabet introduced
into China by the Nestorian missionaries about the seventh
or eighth century A. D.
In his sketch of Manchu literature (Revue orientate,
1 908) Doctor Berthold Lauf er stated that no complete copy
of this work exists in any European library and he was
unable to secure one in China.
A collection of 77 Mongol works was purchased during
the year from Doctor Laufer. These represent a special Mongol boots
collection secured by him during his trips to China and
g6 Report of the Librarian of Congress
many of them are referred to in his sketch of Mongolian
literature (Revue orientale, 1907, p. 165-261). These Mongol
works, like the Tibetan, to be noted later, are largely devoted
to some phase of Lamaistic Buddhism. Besides these theo-
logical treatises, some of them beautifully printed on heavy
paper, there are a number of non-religious works of great
interest, among them "The Epic poem of King Ges6r,"
printed by order of the Chinese Emperor K'ang Hsi in 1716.
This work is said by Doctor Laufer in his "Sketch of Mon-
golian literature" to be without doubt the most interesting
of all Mongolian literary works.
A collection of 106 Tibetan works was also secured from
Doctor Laufer. These embrace a practically complete col-
lection of the works on sale in Peking in 1901, most of
Tibetan books them printed in the City of Peking. The writings of the
great Tibetan reformer, Tsongkhapa, are represented by
two copies of his principal work, "The Great Road to Knowl-
edge," Byang c'ub lam rim c' en-mo, in 336 folios, a treatise
on Buddhistic philosophy. Besides this there are five ex-
pository treatises on the theological system founded by him
and a volume of prayers addressed to him. Besides the
philosophical and theological treatises on Lamaistic Bud-
dhisms, which make up the bulk of the collection, there are
a few works containing biographies and collected writings of
eminent Lamas. These Tibetan works supplement the
collection secured for the Library by the late Mr. Rockhill
and together with the Kanjur, a monumental work secured
some years ago by him, constitute a good working library of
books in the Tibetan language. This collection, though
small, is a select one and now gives the Library of Congress
a good beginning in this great field of central Asiatic litera
Of interest in connection with the above description of
the Chinese literature is an official notice issued by Professor
Report of the Librarian of Congress 97
Kiang in explanation of his recent mission in our behalf. It
reads as follows: \1 Vanslated from the Shanghai Shen Poo
for June 28, 1917]
Official notice to collect geographical books of different
provinces and districts of China for the Library of
Congress, U. S. A.
"After a short stay in the United States of America
for three years since 1912, during which I have been
invited to be the professor of Chinese language in the
University of California, and also to be the head of the
Chinese section of the Library of Congress in Washing-
ton, I came back to China to spend the summer vaca-
tion. Before sailing from America the Librarian of
Congress commissioned me to represent the Library in
collecting the geographical works of different provinces
and districts of China.
" The Library of Congress is in Washington, D. C.,
the National Capital of the United States. It is the
largest library in America. Its Librarian is appointed
directly by the President and is not under the control
of the other Departments or other governmental offices.
The Chinese books, which the late Ching Dynasty pre-
sented to the Library, such, for example, as the Tn Shu
Chi Cheng, etc., are all well preserved and exhibited in
the Library. In addition, the American Government
has twice sent special missions to China to buy books
to enlarge the Chinese collections in the Library. At
present the Library has a collection of Chinese books
numbering about 40,000 volumes, all beautifully bound.
This collection is the largest and most complete one in
the Libraries of foreign countries. Even in China one
can find only a few libraries which contain so many
"Last summer I was engaged by the Library to cata-
logue the books according to the Imperial Catalogue,
Ssu k'u ch'uan shu, to help Americans refer to and read
the books. This year the Department of Agriculture
wants to make a survey of various products in different
localities in China. A joint request by all governmental
98 Report of the Librarian of Congress
departments, under the initiative of the Department of
Agriculture, was therefore sent to the Librarian to make
some special arrangement to secure the help of Chinese
Government officials in collecting geographical works
and books on historicalgeography of different provinces
and districts of China. This matter has been put into
my hands because of my return trip to China.
" The American people have been our friends for
many years and in many connections. The friendly
relations between China and the United States have
been fomented in the most intimate manner. We will
never forget the return of the Boxer indemnity by the
American Government and the services along educa-
tional, medical, and missionary lines rendered to us by
individual Americans. Moreover, there is an agree-
ment between these two Governments to exchange pub-
lications, but the number of books sent us by America
have been far more than those we have sent to that
country. The said geographical books cost us nothing,
but will help the Americans a great deal. Through
these geographical books I am sure the Chinese civiliza-
tion can be introduced to America more easily, the
Americans will understand us better, and consequently
the relations between the two nations will be more
friendly. So this is the best opportunity for us to
render some service back to America.
"Therefore I beg you to send notices to the Depart-
ment of Education and government officials of the dif-
ferent provinces for cooperation. I beg you further to
ask the government officials to collect the respective
books on geography in their provinces and districts
and to send them to your office. When all the books
have arrived please forward them to America through
the American Consul at Shanghai.
"On the other hand, if the Chinese Governments,
either central or local, want American official publi-
cations, please ask the officials in charge to mention
the name of the publications they want. I will ask for
them; the American Government will be very glad to
Report of the Librarian of Congress 99
"I myself will make a trip to Peking and different
provinces along the coast to see the officials in person.
In your documents or notices to various provinces
along the coast please mention my proposed visit, to
serve as an introduction for me. I shall start for America
again at the end of July.
"Enclosed please find a letter from the Librarian of
Congress, one copy in the original language and another
The office of Shanghai Taotai has received an official docu-
ment from the civil governor of Kiangsu Province. The
"A request has been sent to this office by Mr. S. S.
Chiu, the commissioner of foreign affairs at Shanghai,
accompanied by a letter of Mr. S. C. Kiang, Professor
of Chinese in California University and head of the
Chinese Division of the Library of Congress. "
Mr. Chiu's remarks, appended to Mr. Kiang's letter, are as
"In accordance with the urgent request of Mr. Kiang
representing the American Government, I would be very
obliged to you if you will be kind enough to help the best
you can. I myself have been in the Library of Congress
when I was in America. It is one of the largest libraries
of the world. Mr. Kiang, being a learned scholar of
Chinese, is the proper man to serve the Library, It is
confidently expected that through Mr. Kiang the Amer-
ican people will know more about Chinese people,
China, and Chinese civilization. Please assist Mr.
Kiang in every way possible when he comes to you
in the near future."
At the end of the above remarks, the civil governor
"In view of the request, all the officials (mayors)
of all the districts in the Province of Kiangsu are
hereby instructed to send in the books on their respec-
tive local geography to Mr. Chiu as early as possible so
that the books will arrive in America at an earlv date. "
ioo Report of the Librarian of Congress
The number of volumes bound was 29,701, as against
28,404 for the preceding year.
By the Library bindery alone 27,999 volumes were
bound; the output for the preceding year was 27,037.
The marbled paper used in our bindings was manufactured
in Germany and is no longer obtainable. The bindery still
has a moderate supply in stock.
Although we have at present a supply of goatskin suit-
able for the ordinary binding, it is questionable whether
the acid-free stock can be renewed under the present market
conditions. There seems to be no domestic goatskin suit-
able for a good binding. However, the excellent buckram
now in use can not be affected by import conditions:
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Martel)
The number of volumes catalogued was 105,305, of which
80,277 were new accessions and 25,028 recatalogued, an in-
crease in the total of 2, 940 volumes over the preceding year,
due in part to difference in the character of some of the mate-
rial handled, in part to the method of collective cataloguing
applied to certain classes of pamphlets.
i n addition to the recataloguing of English, German, and
Italian literature, which is being continued, Scandinavian
literature was taken up. Danish and Norwegian are com-
pleted, and about one-half of the Swedish literature is done.
In American history 1,508 volumes have been added to the
classified collection, chiefly from the rarer books and pam-
phlets in the closed cases ("Office" collection). From the
Toner collection 1,097 volumes have been transferred, mak-
ing some 1,500 volumes to date, about one-fourth of the
American history material in the Toner collection according
to Mr. Waters' estimate. Collections containing much of
value to be recatalogued next are (i) The pamphlet collec-
Report of the Librarian of Congress . 101
tions in class AC (General and miscellaneous) and JA (Politi-
cal pamphlets) ; (2) The reports of trials in the Law Division,
many of which are not represented in the Public catalogue
in the Reading Room in any form ; (3) City directories not yet
The arrangement and revision of the stacklist for Bib-
liography has been finished, and a set of guide cards
provided and filed. Preparation of the Library of Congress
contribution to the Union List of Incunabula in American incunabula
libraries (U. S.) is in progress. Entries for 680 volumes of
bibliographical works in the Yudin collection have been shelf-
listed and incorporated in the stacklist. Printed cards are
available now for the greater part of the 962 volumes cata-
logued thus far. The printing of the copy remaining on
hand, together with a number of entries to be prepared, will
complete the cataloguing and shelflisting of the Bibliography
section of the Yudin collection of which it forms one of the
most fully developed and notable features. A selection of
several hundred titles containing many items of great rarity
and interest in Slavic church history, philosophy, and religion
were catalogued by Dr. Palmieri.
A most creditable showing has been made by the Public
Documents section. The falling off in accessions of certain
groups of foreign documents was offset by an increase in other
files. While there is therefore a decrease in monographic ma-
terial separately catalogued, the additions to the serial record
and other entries show an increase of approximately 5,000 vol-
umes. The total number of volumes entered in catalogues
and serial record was 23,799 volumes bound in 19,008 (in
1915-16: 21,565 volumes in 19,295).
The decrease in the accessions of foreign society publica- Soc >ety
tions has afforded an opportunity for preparing or revising
and printing the entries for some of the long and complicated
sets, which pressure of current work had prevented in other
years. Cards have been printed for the publications of the
IO2 m Report of the Librarian of Congress
Royal Society of London, comprising some 400 volumes.
The proofs were submitted to six other libraries possessing
good sets, which made it possible to incorporate some infor-
mation concerning variants not represented in the Library
of Congress file; various editions of particular volumes and
series of volumes, so that files in other libraries may be
checked by this entry with accuracy. Like those of the
Royal Society, and of even greater extent, the publications
of the Academic des Sciences, Paris, reach back to the middle
of the seventeenth century; the Library of Congress files
comprise over 700 volumes. Entries for these are about
completed and will shortly be printed. In the case of the
various series of the California Academy of Sciences the state-
ments were submitted to the Academy for verification and
the cards are now printed. It is expected that similar en-
tries may be printed the coming year for other sets for which
printed cards are not yet available for distribution.
Publications The demand for the "List of subject headings, with local
subdivisions," printed last year, has proved larger than
anticipated. The edition was exhausted in a few months
and has recently been reprinted with a few additions. The
new (fourth) edition, greatly enlarged, of the Preliminary
'List of subject subdivisions under countries, states, cities,
and general subjects," followed shortly after, and a third
edition, largely extended since' the second issue, in 1915, has
now been issued of the Literature subject headings, includ-
ing a list for Shakespeare collections. A short list of works
on library science, which has been found very useful in an-
swering requests for advice on the organization, manage-
ment, cataloguing, and classification of libraries, by corre-
spondence through the Catalogue, Bibliography, and Card
Distribution Divisions, has also been revised and reprinted.
Over 3,000, probably close to 3,500, new titles have been
added by Miss Gilkey to her interleaved copy of the list of
American and English genealogies in the Library of Con-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 103
gress, since the publication of the volume, in 1910. They
represent the additions to the collection, and copy for the
printer in the form of printed cards could be made ready
for a new edition at any time. Numerous inquiries indi-
cate that there would be a steady demand and sale for a
new edition. The annual list of American doctoral disser-
tations, with supplementary titles to former lists, has been
compiled and printed as usual. Judging from a number of .
requests, the provisional classification and subject headings
covering the European war collection of the Library of Con-
gress have been of assistance in treating similar collections
in other libraries. Additions are being made as occasion
requires, and the printed scheme (in class D) and list of head-
ings (in Additions No. 14) will naturally be subject to an
eventual thorough revision.
Dr. Walter T. Swingle, to whose interest and activity the Chinese
accomplishment is largely due and who has generously given "
his time to the supervision of it, presents the following
account of the work :
Cataloguing Chinese Collections
During the past year the provisional classification
of the Chinese books, begun some six years ago with
the assistance of Dr. H. K. Fung, has been completed
with the help of Prof. S. C. Kiang, of the Chinese depart-
ment of the University of California, and Mr. M. J. Hag-
erty, of the Bureau of Plant Industry, United States De-
partment of Agriculture. The classification is based on
that of the Catalogue of the Imperial Library at Peking,
Ssu k'u diiian shu tsung mu, with some slight changes
and with the addition of a few new classes that have
come into prominence since the Imperial Catalogue was
published, in 1782. The four classes of Chinese books
are lettered A, B, C, D, and under each class the main
subclasses are numbered as in ordinary library practice.
The classification as now carried out embraces four
main classes and 48 principal subclasses. The total
16341 17 8
104 Report of the Librarian of Congress
number of subdivisions at present recognized about
170, besides which there are about 2,000 provincial,
prefectural, and district cities that have been given call
numbers to facilitate classification of official gazetteers,
all under the single subdivision B 192, Sheng chih, or
This system permits the identification of Chinese
books by very brief reference numbers and facilitates
not only the arrangement of such books on the shelves,
but the loaning, charging, etc., which can be done with-
out reference to the Chinese title. Most of the large
Chinese libraries in America have indicated their inten-
tion of following this system in arranging their Chinese
libraries, and the University of California has already
classified its library of some 14,000 books on this plan.
Columbia University is now carrying out this plan. If
all American libraries use this system of classification,
it will greatly facilitate the preparation of a union
catalogue and enable the American libraries to pool
their resources and avoid unnecessary duplication in
purchasing Chinese books.
During the past year a card was made for every
Chinese work in the Library of Congress, showing the
title and author in Chinese characters and the classifi-
cation. At the same time a card was also made for
each of the 10,000 or more works contained in Ts'ung
shu, or collections of reprints. These cards are arranged
as a shelf list, but with the cards giving titles of indi-
vidual works contained in Ts'ung shu placed in the sub-
division where the books would be classified and shelved
if they were separate works.
No other Chinese library, at least in Western coun-
tries, has as yet attempted to do this, on account of the
difficulty of classifying the works contained in Ts'ung
shu. Thanks to the help of Prof. S. C. Kiang, it was
possible to complete this monumental task, and by the
use of the photostat it has been possible to reproduce
in legible form the entire shelf list, including some
1 2,000 items, as a book of 2 50 pages, 9 by n inches. This
shelf list will, it is believed, prove of value to other libra-
ries having large Chinese collections, as it classifies a
Report of the Librarian of Congress 105
large part of the commonly used Chinese books and
Current accessions by copyright deposit of Hebrew and Semitic collec-
Yiddish books are catalogued, and titles printed with the
old large Hebrew type. Owing to the inability to secure
a more suitable smaller type for the printing of Hebrew
titles, the printing of the 1,400 titles from the Deinard-
Schiff collection held by Dr. Schapiro has had to be de-
ferred until the Government Printing Office shall have
procured the desired fonts of type in sufficient quantity to
handle several forms of titles without running out of sorts.
Mr. Martel adds to his report the following:
By invitation I had the privilege of presenting to the Analysis O/L.C.
Library School class of Simmons College a brief description
and analysis of the Library of Congress Classification in a
series of five informal lectures and exercises, April 17, 18,
and 19. My experience there and the use of the classifi-
cation in a number of other libraries show that the classi-
fication may be applied practically in any library, and that
libraries, especially new libraries, may classify, catalogue,
and shelf list their collections with great economy of time,
labor, and money cost, if they will use the printed cards,
subject headings, and classifications as they stand on the
printed cards. Libraries might, perhaps, without prejudice,
be familiarized with that idea to their advantage in the pam-
phlet on "L. C. Printed cards; how to order and use them."
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Perley)
The number of volumes classified during the fiscal year
1916-17 was 100,325, of which 79,545 were new accessions
and 20,780 were reclassified, including 4,575 transfers. The
number of volumes shelflisted was 89,560, of which 73,355
were new accessions.
Report of the Librarian of Congress
For the year preceding, the number of volumes was
104,304, of which 86,889 were new accessions and 17,415
were reclassified, including 6,121 transfers, the number shelf-
listed being 91,224.
The statistics by classes follow :
New classification Summary
Volumes and pamphlets
A: Polygraphy (collec-
B-BJ- Philosophy . .
C: History (Auxiliary
D: History (except
E, F' America . . .
G: Geography, Anthro-
N' Fine arts
P: Literature and lan-
PZ - Fiction
U: Military science
Semitic collection. . . .
Chapter 38: Literary
Report of the Librarian of Congress 107
The portion of the Library now classified under the new
classification contains in round numbers 1,638,000 volumes
distributed as follows: Class A (Polygraphy) , 89,000; B-BJ
(Philosophy), 17,000; BL-BX (Religion), 12,500; C-D
(History, exclusive of America), 142,000; E-F (America),
130,000; G (Geography), 27,000; H-J (Social and political
science), 389,000; L (Education), 70,000; M (Music), 30,000;
N (Fine arts'), 37,500; P (Language and literature), 144,500;
PZ (Fiction in English), 59,50; Q (Science), 148,500; R
(Medicine), 53,000; S (Agriculture), 59,500; T (Technology)
106,000; U (Military science), 21,500; V (Naval science),
18,000; Z (Bibliography), 83,000; Incunabula, etc., 500.
The Classification Division has been fortunate in keeping
its staff practically intact during the past year, only one
shelflister and one messenger having resigned and their
positions having been satisfactorily filled by new appoint-
In spite of the constantly decreasing number of accessions,
due to the external conditions of the past three years, the
Division has been able to maintain its usual output without
material variation, the increase of reclassified books nearly
counterbalancing the decrease in accessions. This reclassi-
fication has necessitated the construction of new schedules of
classification which have, in this period, been limited to
Religion, forming the second part of Class fe in our system.
These schedules are now in typewritten form and subject
to some revision and development as the work of reclassi-
In the preparation of the schedules for Classical Litera-
ture considerable progress has been made by Dr. Koenig.
The class numbers for the whole of Greek Literature have
been worked out and the first part of Latin Literature as
well. It is expected that by the time this report appears
in print the whole system will be in a typewritten pro-
visional form and that actual classification and shelflisting
will be in progress.
io8 Report of the Librarian of Congress
The Division's publications for the year include a second
edition of the classification schedules for Class N, Fine
Arts, embodying additions since its first printing in 1909,
and a new edition of the Outline Scheme of Classes. Another
publication from this Division is a handbook of "Author
notation" by Miss Anna C. Laws, assistant in charge of
shelflisting. Many inquiries have been received from libra-
ries using the printed cards of the Library of Congress,
asking for information in regard to our book numbers in
general and for explanations of particular cases. This
little pamphlet aims to show the general principles guiding
us, with a few selected examples from our own catalogue.
Mr. Waters has continued his work on the Toner Collec-
tion begun in the previous year and has, during the past
year, catalogued about i ,000 volumes of Americana in this
To the list of libraries using the Library of Congress class-
ification, in whole or in part, as printed in last year's report,
the following should be added :
Auburn theological seminary, Auburn, N. Y.
Dalhousie university, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Reed college, Portland, Oreg.
St. Paul, Minn., Public library.
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Hastings)
During the year the number of subscribers to the printed
cards has increased from 2,370 to 2,559.
The cash sale of cards, including subscriptions to proof-
sheets, amounted to $69,587.78, an increase of a small frac-
tion of i per cent over the sale for 1915-16. The smallness
of this increase as compared with that of last year was
doubtless due principally to the falling off in the number of
new books acquired by the Library of Congress and the
libraries which subscribe to the cards, the consequences of
the war in this respect having now become fully effective.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 109
. The sale of cards to the libraries of the departments of
the United States Government, paid for by transfer of
credits, amounted to $1,484.66.
Cards for about 38,000 different titles were added to the
stock during the year, including about 4,500 cards printed
for libraries in the District of Columbia and about 1,500
printed for other cooperating libraries.
The whole number of different titles now represented in
the stock is approximately 735,000, including about 40,000
unrevised cards not included in the depository sets. The
average stock of each card is estimated at 75 copies, making
the total number of cards in stock about 55,000,000.
The depository libraries now number 48. The deposi-
tory set formerly located at the New Orleans Public Library
has been reassigned to Cornell University, superseding the
proof sheet set at that library.
The full list of depositories is given below, the proof-
sheet depositories being distinguished by asterisks:
American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass.
Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Me.
Brooklyn Public Library, Brooklyn, X. Y.
Brown University Library, Providence, R. I.
Buffalo Public Library, Buffalo, N. Y.
California State Library, Sacramento, Cal.
California University Library, Berkeley, Cal.
Chicago University Library, Chicago, 111.
Cincinnati Public Library, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cleveland Public Library, Cleveland, Ohio.
Columbia L'niversity Library, New York City.
Connecticut State Library, Hartford, Conn.
Cornell University Library, Ithaca, N. Y.
*Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, N. H.
Harvard L'niversity Library, Cambridge, Mass.
Illinois University Library, Urbana, 111.
Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, Ind.
Institut International de Bibliographic, Brussels, Belgium.
Iowa State L'niversity Library, Iowa City, Iowa.
John Crerar Library, Chicago, 111.
Johns Hopkins L'niversity Library, Baltimore, Md.
Kansas State Historical Society Library, Topeka, Kans.
*Kyoto University Library, Kyoto, Japan.
no Report of the Librarian of Congress
*Leland Stanford Jr. University Library, Stanford University, Cal^.
*Los Angeles Public Library, Los Angeles, Cal.
Louisville Public Library, Louisville, Ky.
McGill University Library, Montreal, Canada.
Massachusetts State Library, Boston, Mass.
Michigan University Library, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Minnesota University Library, Minneapolis, Minn.
*Missouri University Library, Columbia, Mo.
Nebraska University Library, Lincoln, Nebr.
New York Public Library, New York City.
New York State Library, Albany, N. Y.
Northwestern University Library, Evanston, 111.
Pennsylvania University Library, Philadelphia, Pa.
Philadelphia Free Library, Philadelphia, Pa.
^Philippine Library, Manila, P. I.
Pittsburgh Carnegie Library, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Princeton University Library, Princeton, N. J.
St. Louis Public Library, St. Louis, Mo.
Seattle Public Library, Seattle, Wash.
Syracuse University Library, Syracuse, N. Y.
Texas University Library, Austin, Tex.
Virginia State Library, Richmond, Va.
*Wesleyan University Library, Middletown, Conn.
Partial depository sets have been assigned during the
year to libraries of the United States Government as follows :
Bureau of Fisheries. Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass.
Cards relating to fisheries and aquatic biology.
Forest service. District Office, Ogden, Utah.
Cards for publications relating to forestry.
International High Commission. United States Section.
Cards for legal and statistical works relating to Latin America.
The full list of partial depositories is as follows, those
having dictionary sets being distinguished by an asteiisk :
Army War College.
* Bureau of Education.
Bureau of Entomology.
Bureau of Fisheries.
Bureau of Fisheries. Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass.
* Bureau of Labor.
* Bureau of Mines.
Bureau of Rolls and Library (State Department).
Bureau of Science (Manila, P. I.)
Civil Service Commission.
Coast and Geodetic Survey.
Report of the Librarian of Congress ill
Coast Artillery School.
* Department of Agriculture.
Department of Justice.
Department of the Interior. Law Division.
Federal Trade Commission.
Forest Service. District Forester's Office, Ogden, Utah.
* Geological Survey.
Government Hospital for the Insane.
International High Commission. United States Section.
Interstate Commerce Commission.
Military Academy. West Point.
* National Bureau of Standards.
Naval War College.
Navy General Board.
Navy Medical School.
Office of Foreign Trade Advisers.
Pan American Union.
* Patent Office.
Supervising Architect's Office.
Surgeon General's Office.
Considerable work has been done during the year in
analyzing additional important series. Cards have been
prepared and printed covering volumes 1-24 of the Annals
of the American Academy of Political and Social Science,
completing our file of cards for this set. Analytical cards
have been prepared and partially printed for the annual
reports of the American Historical Association 1887-1911,
completing the file for the set.
A supplement to the list of series covered by cards in
stock which was issued in 1914 (Bulletin 16-19) is in type.
Revised editions of Bulletins 9, 10, 13, and 23 have been
ii2 Report of the Librarian of Congress
(From the report of the Chief of the Order and Publications Division)
The following table exhibits the comparative statistics of
the distribution of publications of the Library of Congress
for the past three fiscal years :
Administrative and special distribu-
tion through the Library of Con-
gress . . .
3. 2 Z1
Distribution through the office of the
Superintendent of Documents. . . .
Distribution through the Bureau of
Special distribution of publications
compiled but not printed by the
Library of Congress
Distribution to A. L,. A., June, 1917
Total number of publications
Envelopes addressed for circulars. . . .
Sold by the Superintendent of Doc-
uments (pieces) '.
c 19, 630
C 2O, 9OI
C 3 6 , 811
Received by the Superintendent for
$1, 693. 2<
$i, 566. 43
$i, 44^5. 95
o Includes separate numbers of subject headings and State publications (monthly list).
6 Includes separate numbers of State publications (monthly list).
c Includes copyright publications.
The publications of the Library during the past year have
been as follows :
Report of the Librarian of Congress for the fiscal
year ending June 30, 1916. 1916. 236 p. Plates.
25 cm. Cloth, 40 cents.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 113
Library of Congress publications issued since 1897.
January, 1917. 50 p. 20 cm.
Information for Readers in the Main Reading Room.
1916. 15 p. 19! cm.
Supplementary list of books in embossed type in the
Reading Room for the Blind. 1916. 19^ cm.
Rules and practice governing the use and issue of books.
1916. 16 p. 13 cm.
Bibliography Division :
List of references on embargoes; comp. under the
direction of H. H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer.
1917. 44 p. 25^ cm. Paper, 10 cents.
The United States at war, organizations and literature;
comp. under the direction of H. H. B. Meyer, Chief
Bibliographer, with the cooperation of members of
the Library staff . 1917. 115 p. 20 cm. Paper, 10
Catalogue Division :
Doctoral Dissertations. A list of American doctoral
dissertations printed in 1915. 1916. 160 p. 23^
cm. Cloth, 30 cents.
Subject headings. Additions and revisions. No. 13.
- Preliminary list of literature subject headings
with tentative list for Shakespeare collections.
3d ed. 1917. 70 p.
- Preliminary list of subject headings with
local subdivisions. 2d ed. 1917. 32 p.
* Subject subdivisions. Preliminary list of subject
subdivisions. 4th ed. 67 p.
Classification Division :
Author notation in the Library of Congress. By Anna
Cantrell Laws, Assistant in charge of shelflisting.
1917. 18 p. 19! cm.
Monthly list of state publications. June-Dec. 1916;
Jan. -May, 1917. Paper, 50 cents a year.
- Index and title-page for the year 1915.
* Printed as manuscript for the use of cataloguers at the L. C. Free to libraries which
are supplying copy to be printed by the L. C.
114 Report, of the Librarian of Congress
The Manuscript collections in the Library of Congress.
1916. 9 p. 18 cm.
The following publications scheduled for issue during the
fiscal year 1916-17 were retarded on account of pressure of
departmental war work at the Government Printing Office:
Handbook of manuscripts in the Library of Congress.
Catalogue of ist editions of Edward MacDovvell (1861-1908).
Franklin Pierce Calendar of manuscripts.
Guide to the law and legal literature of Argentina, Brazil, and
Outline scheme of classes, 1917.
Class N, revised ed.
Conservation of natural resources in the United States, 1912.
Federal control of commerce and corporations, 3d ed, 1913.
Sugar, chiefly in its economic aspects, 1910.
Many other compilations ready for the printer are neces-
sarily held back for lack of funds, the allotment for print-
ing being increasingly pressed to furnish the extra copies
of catalogue cards sold, the cost of which has to be borne
by it although the receipts from sales are covered into the
Treasury. Among these are important bibliographic lists,
a large list on Cartography, Mr. Sonneck's catalogue of
Dramatic Scores, and the remaining volumes of the Journals
of the Continental Congress.
Of the 25 publications issued during the past fiscal year
eight were printed either for administrative purposes or
for the use of cataloguers in the Library of Congress. Dis-
tribution of these was made only upon request.
On request of the Committee on Public Information and
the U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, the Publications Section
recently made up a list of the public libraries appearing on
our various mailing lists (exclusive of the government
depositories.) These numbered about 3000. The addresses
are for use in connection with the distribution of the various
agricultural bulletins and publications relating to the war.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 115
DIVISION OF BIBLIOGRAPHY
As usual the report of the Chief Bibliographer, Mr.
Meyer, contains statistics of inquiries dealt with, and lists
of subjects upon which information or compilations have
been furnished. Except as it exhibits an additional stress
of demand and service in even- direction it is typical of
years already reported. I omit, therefore, quotations from
it. Among the compilations undertaken there was, how-
ever, one unusual in character. This was "The United
States at War," a manual issued last June describing par-
ticularly the organizations for war time sen-ice national
in scope. It was welcomed as of such immediate and
practical utility that within a few weeks a second issue
was necessary to meet the demand.
(From the annual reports of the Custodian, Mr. Brocket!, and the
assistant in charge, Mr. Parsons)
Despite conditions abroad, which have not only ham-
pered but increased the administrative work, valuable
material has been steadily coming in. Several of the larger
societies and institutions will continue to resen-e sets of
their publications for the Institution, to be forwarded upon
the termination of the war. This action leaves many gaps
in series frequently consulted, a situation which unfortu-
nately can not be remedied.
The practice of sending the publications received for Receipts
the Smithsonian Library to the Deposit from day to day,
in order that the material in them might be made available
to the public at the earliest moment, has been continued.
The publications transmitted numbered 2,886, composed
of the following: 1,736 complete volumes; 301 parts of
volumes; 805 pamphlets, and 44 charts. Inaugural dis-
sertations, academic and university publications have con-
1 1 6 Report of the Librarian of Congress
tinued to come, but in reduced numbers as compared to
former years. In the sendings seven universities and
technical high schools of Europe were represented.
Documents As in the past, government documents received in ex-
change for publications of the Smithsonian Institution,
amounting in number to 2,349, have been sent to the
Library without being stamped or recorded.
An increased effort has been made to print catalogue
cards for the society publications. " Analy ticals" should
in due course follow.
READING ROOM FOR THE BUND
(From the report of the assistant in charge, Mrs. Rider)
It has been estimated that there are 15,000 readers of
raised type in the United States. The library lends em-
bossed books to four per cent of that number. The bor-
rowers are distributed among 48 states, Canada, and Cuba.
During the year the number of borrowers increased 33
per cent and the circulation was correspondingly augmented.
Figures on circulation, never indicative of service ren-
dered, fail especially to suggest the measure of service
given to blind borrowers. Many book loans were preceded
by detailed information about touch reading, and followed
by help and encouragement in its mastery.
What embossed books mean to people deprived of eye-
sight is best understood by one who has watched a sight-
less face glow under the stimulus of reading for the first
time with eager fingers words forever lost to vision. Lending
libraries are a necessity to those who read tactile print, as
the cost and bulk of embossed books make even a meagre
collection impossible for the average person.
Most of those aided in learning touch reading were men
and women losing their sight in mature years. Such per-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 117
sons were not only taught to read, but also encouraged to
learn typewriting and to engage again in the minor activ-
ities of the home. Book loans often carried messages
suggesting and assuring that blindness does not necessarily
incapacitate one for all former responsibilities.
Individual cases of failing vision were considered and
referred to proper agencies for advice and employment.
Visitors evinced increased interest in the welfare of the
blind, and requested information on a wide variety of
subjects. Much concern for the blind seems to have been
awakened by the remarkable work done in Europe for men
blinded in battle.
Four hundred and fifty accessions during the year bring
the collection to a total of slightly over 4.300. Of the in-
crease, 28 were received under act of March 4, 1913, 124
were gifts, and 287 were purchases.
Three hundred and fifty embossed alphabets were bought
for distribution and fifty copies of a pamphlet containing
advice to those dealing with blind persons.
An American religious monthly, a Swiss literary monthly
and an English weekly were added to the list of embossed
periodicals. The Beacon, a monthly succeeding the Braille
review, is now published as the official organ of the National
Institute for the Blind, London. French and German
periodicals, customarily received, have one by one been
discontinued for the duration of the war.
It is gratifying to report some gain in the proportion of
late publications done in tangible print.
Titles were printed as usual in three dotted types, with
the British presses leading in production. We now, how-
ever, face the future with a happy prospect of little further
duplication of books in several types.
The American Association of Workers for the Blind in
conference, June 23 to 28, unanimously voted the adoption
of a form of Revised English Braille for universal use in
1 1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress
America. Printing presses, schools and libraries are urged
to adopt the type as soon as all details have been formulated
by the Commission, which has in view a complete agree-
ment with the British National Uniform Type Committee.
A supplementary list of books in embossed type was
issued in November. Although a modest little pamphlet
(32 pages), it has given great satisfaction.
From November to May weekly musicals and lectures
were given in Pavilion 7 for the blind of the city. Three
programs are mentioned as notable : a song recital by Miss
Leila Holterhoff, blind lieder singer, a lecture by Sergt.
Maj. Robert Middlemiss of the King's Own Scottish Bor-
derers, who was blinded at Gallipoli, and an address on the
work of the Phare de France by its founder, Miss Winifred
No further development of the Phonopticon has yet
rendered it of practical use for reading print by sound. The
Optophone invented by d'Albe for the same purpose was
lately tested in England and found of no service to a blind
LEGISLATIVE REFERENCE SERVICE
The following report of the Legislative Reference Service
for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1917, is divided into three
parts. The first part relates to the work of the service as
a whole, and contains comparative statistical tables for the
fiscal years 1915, 1916, and 1917, showing in several cate-
gories the general disposition of the inquiries received from
Members of Congress ; "the" second part relates to the work
done under the supervision of the administrative assistant,
and gives a resume under subject headings, alphabetically
arranged, of the more important inquiries involving eco-
nomic, statistical, and historical questions; the third part
deals with legal inquiries, for which material was prepared
under the direction of the Law Librarian.
Report of the Librarian of Congress
Comparative table of legislative reference inquiries for the fiscal years
Total inquiries 269
Economic, statistical, and historical inquiries
Answered from data in reference files
Number of inquiries from Senators 93
Number of inquiries from Representatives 177
Number of Senators inquiring 33
Number of Representatives inquiring 98
Number of Senators inquiring more than once 17
Number of Representatives inquiring more than once 34
Number of Senators not inquiring 66
Number of Representatives not inquiring. . . *2
The relatively large number of members not inquiring during the fiscal year 191 7 may
be accounted for by reason of the fact that the period indicated covers a portion of two
Congresses, namely, the latter part of the first session and all of the second session of the
Sixty-fourth Congress and the first three months of the first session of the Sixty-fifth
Comparative annual table of inquiries , by mo nths, for fiscal years 1915-1917
NOTE. Fiscal year 1915: Congress in session Dec. 7 to Mar. 4. Fiscal year 1916:
Congress in session Dec. 6 to June 30. Fiscal year 1917: Congress in session July i to
Sept. 9, Dec. 4 to Mar. 4, and Apr. 2 to June 30, inclusive.
16341 17 9
I2O Report of the Librarian of Congress
Summary table of inquiries, by legislative months
Congress not in
Table of inquiries, by Congress and session
Congress and session
3 months... .
9 months. . . .
3 months ....
Sixty-fifth, first o
3 months. . . .
a To July i, 1917.
ECONOMIC, STATISTICAL, AND HISTORICAL INQUIRIES
(From the report of the Administrative Assistant, Mr. Collins)
Requests for information within these fields followed
rather closely the prevailing subjects of general interest
before Congress. Questions relating to revenue, army
reorganization and increase, foreign trade, industrial output
and agricultural production, financial problems arising out
of the war in Europe, food supply, conservation and control,
and the like were investigated from many angles. A con-
siderable degree of interest was shown in comparative
foreign statistics and methods, especially as to such in-
formation relating to Great Britain, Canada, Australia,
New Zealand and France. Some of the more important of
these inquiries may be grouped as follows :
Arming merchant ships. Citation to former debates in
Congress on armed neutrality. The results of the armed
neutrality of 1798. The method of arming merchant ships
Report of the Librarian of Congress 121
in 1850 by the United States. Citations to the diplomatic
correspondence on arming of merchant ships.
Army. Historical sketch of armies from the earliest
times. George Washington's view of training the militia.
Thomas Jefferson's plans for army reorganization. Cita-
tions for making enlistments in the army more attractive.
A summary of the military service requirements in all
foreign countries. Number of men in the respective stand-
ing armies of the world about January, 1914. Organiza-
tion of the Swiss Army. Military organization and pro-
cedure in Canada. Recruiting statistics for the different
provinces of Canada. Rate of pay in the various foreign
armies. War-time pay of privates in Australia, Canada
and New Zealand. Pay of enlisted men and term of serv-
ice in the German Army. Medical reorganization for
military purposes in England and France. The number
and rank of surgeon generals in the armies of the allied
Aviation. Size of the air fleets of foreign countries before
the war. War-time organization and equipment of the
aviation corps of Great Britain, France and Germany.
General information of the progress of aeronautics in Europe
since the outbreak of the war. ,
Censorship of the press. General discussions on censor-
ship of the press in the United States and Great Britain.
Debates of Clay, Calhoun, and Webster in 1835 on the free-
dom of the press. Method of establishing censorship of the
press during the Civil War. Citation to all previous debates
in Congress on freedom of the press. Citation to recent
parliamentary debates on censorship of the press in Great
Britain. Attitude of the German press in the United States
toward the censorship clause of the espionage bill.
Civil service. Number of employees and scale of salaries
of the civil servants of the governments of the principal
122 Report of the Librarian of Congress
foreign countries. Comparative statement of salaries in
the civil service of the Government of the United States
with the salaries paid by State governments and by employers
Cloture. Brief description of the most notable filibusters
in the United States Senate. Comparative State senate
procedure as to the adoption of new rules.
Conscription. Historical sketch of conscription. Former
debates in Congress on draft legislation. Views of Wash-
ington, Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and other statesmen
on conscription. Operation of conscription in the Union
and Confederate armies. Method of compulsory military
service in Cromwell's new army. Origin of compulsory
military service in Prussia and France. Summary of the
service requirements in countries having conscription at
the outbreak of the war in Europe. Recent parliamentary
debates in Great Britain on the military service bill.
Attitude of labor leaders in England toward compulsory
service, 1917. Expressions from British officials regarding
the necessity of conscription. Debates in the Australian
Parliament on conscription and the result of the referendum
relating thereto. Proportion of recruits to population
under conscription in foreign countries.
Education. Data on bills for vocational education in-
troduced prior to 1916. Statements advocating voca-
tional education for the United States. The number and
size of technical training schools in the United States.
Comparative statement of amounts of money appropriated
for Indian schools and for military education during the
past 25 years. Number and size of schools in the United
States receiving military instruction under an Army officer
of the United States.
Elections. Proportion of white and colored voters in the
Southern States before and after the adoption of the new
constitutions. Statements on the operation of the direct
Report of the Librarian of Congress 123
primary in the United States. The proportion of electors
to the vote cast in the several States. Proportionate in-
crease in the number of electors in the woman suffrage
States. Tabulation of the popular vote for President by
parties from 1908 to 1916.
Embargo. Views of Jefferson on the embargo of his
admiriist ration. Chronological statement of embargo on
arms to Mexico. Discussions favoring embargo on food-
stuffs. Embargoes on various commodities by neutral
countries since the war in Europe.
Excess Profits. British parliamentary debates on the
excess-profits bill of 1916. Operation of excess-profits law
in Great Britain. Debates in the Canadian Parliament
on the excess-profits bill of 1917.
Food. Available world food supply. Statistics on the
world food crops, 1916. Data on decrease of world food
supply. Visible supply of foodstuffs in the United States,
1917. Exports of foodstuffs from the United States 1910-
1916. Exports of foodstuffs by United States to Great
Britain, 1913-1916. General discussion of the food situ-
ation in the United States. Foodstuffs useful for war
purposes. Tabulation of profits of food and fuel corpora-,
tions. Historical sketch of food conservation, control, and
price fixing by governments in the past history of the
world. Method of grain control and distribution in Rome.
Food situation in Great Britain, France and Germany,
1917. Method of food control in foreign countries during
the war in Europe. Recent agricultural development for
food production in Great Britain. Attitude of the British
agricultural and economic press toward price fixing of
foreign products. Data on Government guarantee of mini-
mum prices on food products.
Imports and exports. Total values of exports from the
United States to Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Turkey
for the fiscal years 1914 and 1916. Total values of United
124 Report of the Librarian of Congress
States imports and exports for fiscal years 1915 and 1916.
Total imports and exports, by quantity and value, of the
principal agricultural products as to all countries to and
from the United States for the fiscal years 1910-1916.
United States imports and exports of raw cotton, 1914
1916. United States imports of coal through Pacific ports
and western Canada for the fiscal years 1912-1916. Value
of United States imports for horses, cattle, oats, eggs,
and butter from October i, 1913, to October i, 1914. Total
exports, by quantity and value, of wool and woolen goods
from the United States for the fiscal years 1910 and 1916.
Quantity of high-grade optical glass imported by United
States in normal times. Proportion of- importation of
wheat to the wheat crop in the United States. Exports,
by value, from Great Britain and France to China, Japan,
and South America, 1913-1916.
Income tax. Tabulation of receipts from State income
taxation, 1915-1916. Number of individuals paying the
Federal income tax, 1914-1916. Amount of income tax
collected during the Civil War. Amount of income tax
collected by the United States since the adoption of the
income-tax amendment. Amount of income tax collected
by the British Government for the fiscal years 1913-1917.
Industries. Statement on the status of raw material
for the paper industry in the United States and Canada.
Condition of the glass industry in Japan. Number of
women engaged in industry in the United States. Cap-
italization, dividends, and profits of the chief manufacturers
of munitions in the United States. Tabulation of profits
of the chief industrial corporations of the United States,
1913-1916. The mobilization of industry in Great Britain.
Data on the knitting, pottery, and glass industries of Japan.
Liquor traffic. Comparative total values of real property
in the wet and dry States. The control of the liquor traffic
in relation to the army in Great Britain and France.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 125
National budget system. List of countries having the
executive budget system. Budgetary practice in the
principal foreign countries. Parliamentary and treasury
control over expenditures under the British budget system.
Recent articles advocating the national budget system for
the United States. Extracts from publicists favoring the
national budget system for the United States. Budgetary
practice in Switzerland. Budgetary practice as to war
expenditures in Great Britain and France.
National wealth. Economic wealth of the United States
as compared with the principal European countries. Value
of urban realty, improved and unimproved, in the United
States. National wealth of the United States in 1876
Prices. Arguments for and against the idea of price
maintenance. Prices of country produce, September 1,1912,
to September i, 1916. Comparative prices of hay, butter,
and eggs in Canada and Maine for the past 10 years. Price
of coal, iron, and steel, by months, 1914-1917.
Production. Data on the leather trade, 1916. Amount
of candy manufactured in the United States, 1916. Pro-
duction of oleomargarine and renovated butter, 1916. Pro-
duction, consumption, exportation, and average prices of
petroleum, gasoline, and copper in the United States for
1915 and 1916. The value of cotton crop and by-products
in the United States in 1916.
Revenue and expenditure. Historical sketch of the na-
tional loans of the United States Government. Comparison
of revenues and expenditures for the fiscal years 1913 and
1915 by sources of revenue and main heads of expenditures.
Inheritance tax receipts by States for 1916. Receipts and
expenditures of Great Britain for the fiscal year 1917. His-
torical incidents of governments placing taxation for the
purpose of oppression or annihilation rather than for reve-
126 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Shipping. Rates paid for carrying ocean mail, 1856-1858.
Freight rates to the United States from China and Japan,
1917. Organization, jurisdiction, and method of procedure
of the British board of trade, in relation to shipping. Data
on ocean freight rates in Great Britain and France. Num-
ber and tonnage of ships under the American flag in the
Submarine warfare. Losses by tonnage and ships to
American shipping. Total ships and tonnage destroyed
since the outbreak of the war. Attitude of neutral nations
toward submarine warfare.
Tariff. Historical sketch of tariff commissions in the
United States. Summarized extracts for and against the
idea of a tariff commission. Debates in Congress on the
tariff board of 1911. Editorial comment relating to the
appointees of the present tariff commission.
Trade after the war. Opportunities for American trade
with China. Data on the consumption of foreign manufac-
tured goods by China. Discussions bearing on economic
reconstruction after the war. Trade agreements by foreign
countries for commerce after the war.
Veto. Digest of arguments in favor of the proposal to
give the President power to veto items in appropriation
bills. Number and character of presidential vetoes since the
formation of the Union.
War finance. War loans placed by belligerents in the
United States. Table showing the issue of bonds and other
securities by all foreign governments since the outbreak of
the war. Contemporary discussions of war finance in foreign
countries. Organization and method of floating war loans
in Great Britain. Financial resources of each belligerent
country. Total cost of the European war to date, by coun-
tries. Total amounts raised from special war taxes, exclu-
sive of loans, in France and Great Britain. Borrowing
power of the United States. Conditions of banks at the
Report of the Librarian of Congress 127
time of the United States entry into the war. Discussions
of methods of war taxation in the United States.
Wars of the United States. Data on bounties paid by the
United States during the different wars. Citation to debates
in Congress on previous declarations of war.
Civil War: History, organization, and function of the
Joint Committee on the Conduct of the Civil War and de-
bates in Congress thereon. Racial composition of recruits.
Average ages of volunteer recruits. State quotas furnished
for the Union Army. Comparative number of drafted with
volunteer enlistments. Data on draft riots. Method of
taxation, sources of revenue, and amount raised by the
Union. Sale of bonds in foreign countries during the war.
Revolutionary War: French loans to the United States
during the Revolution; rate of interest and terms of pay-
ment. Training of the militia under George Washington.
Spanish-American War: Number of volunteers called for
and number of enlistments thereunder. Number of wounded,
number of deaths from wounds, and number of deaths from
disease. Method of floating and results obtained from the
bond issue of 1898.
Woman suffrage. Recent votes on woman suffrage in New
York, New Jersey, Ohio, Iowa, Massachusetts, and Ne-
braska. List of States having woman suffrage in 1917, with
date of adoption. Effect of woman suffrage on the pro-
portion of electors to the population. Recent statements
of Mrs. Pankhurst on the effect of the war on the militancy
of the suffragettes. Views of British statesmen on woman
suffrage since the outbreak of the war. Debates in Parlia-
ment on the recent franchise bill allowing women to vote.
(From the report of the Director, Mr. Thompson, Law Librarian)
The provision for separate treatment of inquiries in the
field of law described in the last annual report has been con-
128 Report of the Librarian of Congress
tinued and found to work satisfactorily. A further change
was made when the position of Law Librarian became
vacant on November i, 1916. It then became possible to
unite the Law Library work with that of the legal section of
the Legislative Reference Service under a single direction
and to this end the Legislative Assistant in charge of the
latter was transferred to fill the vacancy.
In the following statement regarding the material fur-
nished in response to inquiries involving an examination
and report on law, the compilations and digests prepared
are enumerated in the following groups, namely, those relat-
ing to (i) election laws, (2) legislation during the Sixty-
fourth Congress prior to the declaration of war, (3) parlia-
mentary questions arising in the special session of the Senate,
(4) the war measures, (5) constitutional law, and (6) mis-
Election laws During the summer of 1916, on account of the approaching
elections, there were numerous requests from Members for
information regarding State laws applicable to congressional
elections. Two of the compilations previously prepared by
the Legislative Reference Service were revised and printed
'as Senate documents, namely, those . relating to "Absent
voting" (64th Cong., 26. sess., Sen. doc. no. 659) and "Limi-
tations on campaign expenditures" (64th Cong., 2d sess.,
Sen. doc. no. 640). Other topics treated include: repre-
sentation of a new party on the ballot in equal-suffrage
States; qualifications for voting in the several States citi-
zenship, residence, registration, education, property, pay-
ment of taxes, etc.; disqualifications for voting other than
When there seemed to be a possibility of contests over the
electoral .tickets in certain close States and inquiries were
received regarding the law applicable thereto, compila-
tions were prepared showing the State laws governing the
choice of presidential electors and court decisions interpret-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 29
ing the phrase " office of trust or profit under the United
States'" occurring in the clause of the Constitution which
provides that no person holding such an office shall be ap-
pointed an elector.
The interest of Members in legislation likely to be con-
sidered or enacted by the legislatures in their home States
during the sessions of 1917 brought requests for the follow-
ing comparative digests, which were accordingly prepared:
State laws providing for appointment of precinct election
boards and party representation thereon; primary election
laws in force January, 1917; preferential voting in primary
elections; conventions provided in State primary laws;
establishment of congressional districts.
The recurrence of interest in this field of legislation indi-
cates that a manual of election laws revised biennially and
issued about six months before each congressional election
would be welcomed by Members and others. Its prepara-
tion could be undertaken by the Legislative Reference
Sen-ice when the appropriation is sufficiently increased to
enable the work to be done.
Railroad labor. To furnish information needed in con- Legislation, 64*
nection with the preparation and discussion of legislation to
meet the emergency arising out of the threatened railroad
strike last August, consolidations of the Industrial Dis-
putes Investigation Acts in Canada, the Commonwealth
Conciliation Arbitration Acts in Australia, and the Indus-
trial Conciliation and Arbitration Acts in New Zealand
were prepared; and material was collected showing the man-
ner in which wages, hours, and conditions of labor for rail-
road employees are adjusted in countries such as France,
Italy, Germany, Austria- Hungary, where government own-
Shipping. In addition to the material prepared last
year relating to the merchant marine in foreign countries,
legislation on this subject which was enacted or considered
130 Report of the Librarian of Congress
during the latter part of the Sixty-fourth Congress, required
two additional memoranda on laws affecting shipping in
France and Italy and digests of United States laws provid-
ing penalties for the departure of vessels without clearance
and of Federal Court decisions relating to the control of
wharves on navigable waters and the requirement of a com-
petent crew on merchant vessels.
Virgin Islands. The acquisition by the United States
of the Danish West Indies and the establishment of a pro-
visional government therein brought inquiries as to the
constitution and functions of various existing local govern-
ment authorities and the provisions of Danish law in force
at the time of transfer. To meet these and other possible
requests in the future for information in this field, the
code of laws adopted April 6, 1906, and the other local
laws of Denmark in force and effect in the islands were
translated into English for the legislative reference files.
This material can be revised and prepared for publication
if either House of Congress desires to print it as a document.
Parliamentary: As this year March 4 fell on Sunday, questions were raised
Sokife* " relative to the time of expiration of the Sixty-fourth Congress
and the oath of office of the Vice President. To answer
them the precedents from 1821, 1849, and 1877, when the
same coincidence occurred, were compiled and a digest of
the laws governing the oath of office of the Vice President
was made. The business which may be transacted at a
special session of the Senate, the record of previous attempts
at special sessions to amend the Senate rules in order to
limit debate, and the power of the President to convene
both Houses or either of them, were among the subjects
on which data were furnished to Senators for use in the
cloture discussion which ensued.
War measures Armed ships, etc. During the period between the sever-
ance of diplomatic relations with Germany and the declar-
ation of war, there were numerous requests for information
Report of the Librarian of Congress 131
on international and municipal law bearing on the critical
situation in our foreign relations. In many cases this
was already available in the legislative reference files in
the material prepared last year. The compilations added
to the list at this time include the following subjects:
destruction of enemy merchant vessels and rights of neu-
trals in relation thereto; territoriality of vessels; neutral
convoy; protection of citizens abroad subjected to per-
sonal indignities; laws enacted under the constitutional
power of Congress to define and punish offenses against the
law of nations; mined areas announced by Great Britain;
war zones declared by Germany; British Orders-in-Council
establishing a blockade of Germany. The proposal to
provide defensive armament for American shipping called
for a compilation of court decisions showing the legal
results of this policy in 1798, a chronological digest of
United States laws authorizing the President to use armed
forces to protect American rights without a declaration of
war, and a statement of the law already on the statute
book relating to the arming of merchant vessels.
Declaration of war. The discussion of the resolution
declaring war produced inquiries for extracts from the
debates in the Federal convention relating to the power of
Congress to declare war; the precedents in 1812, 1846,
and 1898; the provisions of the Hague Convention III of
1907 and opinions of international law writers relative to
the opening of hostilities. In this connection also a digest
of United States emergency legislation was prepared show-
ing the provisions of the Federal Statutes which became
applicable in case of war or other emergency.
Alien enemies. The status of alien enemies then became
of immediate importance and various compilations and
digests on this subject were furnished to members, such as :
Articles in treaties between the United States and Germany
relating to war and neutrality; the provisions of the Hague
132 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Convention VI of 1907 and extracts from international law
authorities relating to the status of enemy merchant ships at
the outbreak of hostilities; United States laws in force
relating to alien enemies; a digest of British Court decisions
on alien enemies their status durkig war ; Canadian orders
in council providing for registration of alien enemies. Under
this heading it may be noted also that a digest prepared last
year on restrictions on aliens in foreign countries since the
outbreak of the war was printed in full in the testimony
(p. 4-18) taken by the House Committee on Immigration
and Naturalization at hearings H. R. 20936, on a bill to
provide for the registration of alien enemies in this country.
Espionage and censorship. The consideration of the
espionage bill, both in the last weeks of the Sixty-fourth Con-
gress and after the declaration of war, called for the prepara-
tion of memoranda showing the laws and regulations relating
to espionage and censorship of the press in Great Britain and
Canada and a tabular digest of penalties for injuries to or
destruction of property in various foreign countries. A
digest of court decisions relating to embargoes and the text
of the resolutions of 1898 and 1912 were prepared for the
discussion of its export control, provisions.
Military service. The military service legislation, both
the draft law and its predecessor in the previous Congress,
the compulsory military training bill, brought many requests
for material from the Military Affairs Committees in both
Houses and from individual members. Of the compilations
prepared, two were printed as Senate documents, namely,
"Military Service Acts of Great Britain, 1916" (65th Cong.,
ist sess., Sen. doc. No. 9) and "Exemption from military
service in Great Britain" (65th- Cong., ist sess., Sen. doc.
No. 62) which includes the regulations for the local tribunals
and a digest of decisions of the Central Appeal Tribunal.
Other data regarding foreign legislation included : brief sum-
maries of military systems abroad; conscription since the
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 33
outbreak of the European war; national registration in
Great Britain; the provisions for naval or military training
and service in the commonwealth of Australia, and data re-
lating to the referendum on the question of compulsory
service overseas; voluntary enlistment in the Imperial
German colonial forces and in the expeditionary force sent
to China during the Boxer rebellion in 1900; British and
Canadian regulations regarding the departure from the
country of persons liable for military sendee. Information
as to American precedents and provisions in State laws was
furnished under the following headings: United States draft
laws in force during the War of 1812 and during the Civil
War; Confederate States draft laws; draft provisions in
State militia laws; drafting of the reserve militia; defini-
tions of "militia" in United States Statutes, 1792-1916.
The question of the conscientious objector was treated in
digests showing the provisions for their exemption under the
Military Service Acts of Great Britain, in the United States
Statutes, 1864-1916, and in State constitutions and statutes
in force 1917. To aid in the solution of the difficult problem
of alien residents as affected by this legislation, the writings
of international law authorities were searched and extracts
compiled dealing with liability of aliens to military service
(printed later in Congressional Record, July 23, 1917, p.
5950-5952 X ) and sovereignty in relation to the subjects of the
State ; State election laws were examined to ascertain where
in this country aliens who have declared their intention to
become citizens have the right to vote; and a memorandum
was prepared showing the law and international agreements
relating to military sendee of citizens of Allied countries
residing in France. Digests of United States laws provid-
ing bounties for volunteers and those authorizing the organ-
ization of special military units during the Spanish -American
War were prepared upon request of members supporting
the volunteer enlistment svstem of militarv sendee.
134 Report of the Librarian of Congress
To furnish information for the advocates of increased pay
for soldiers, memoranda were prepared showing the pay and
allowances of enlisted men in Canada, Australia, and New
Zealand. A beginning was made with an investigation of
allowances to families of soldiers and data was compiled for
Canada and France; but as the Children's Bureau in the
early part of 1917 assigned a corps of investigators to make
a more comprehensive study of this field, its further exploi-
tation was left to that bureau.
Munitions. The interest of various members in the crea-
tion of a new executive department of munitions called for
the compilation of the British legislation establishing such a
ministry and defining its powers, together with the rules
promulgated for the limitation of profits in controlled estab-
lishments and for the translation of the decrees relating to
the French ministry of munitions, which showed the de-
tailed organization and functions of its various bureaus and
offices. The latter material was also furnished to the
Council of National Defense to aid in the preparation of
organization charts of a project for a similar department
here. Other important related topics are represented by
compilations of laws on requisitions of emergency in Great
Britain, France, and Germany; a digest of provisions in
United States statutes authorizing requisitions; data with
regard to Government control of railroads in the United
States during the Civil War and in Great Britain in the
present emergency; Defence of the Realm regulations relat-
ing to the control of mines in Great Britain; United States
laws governing the purchase of supplies by the War Depart-
ment; laws authorizing establishment of naval clothing
factories at certain navy yards.
Equally important as the legislation relating to military
preparations were the economic war measures, namely: the
bills for raising revenue, for the control of food and fuel, and
prohibiting trading with the enemy.
Report of the Librarian oj Congress 135
Revenue and taxation. The Ways and Means Committee
of the House and the finance Committee of the Senate used
the Legislative Reference Sendee extensively during the
preparation and consideration of the revenue bills of the
Sixty-fourth and Sixty-fifth Congresses. The data asked for
consisted principally of digests and translations of foreign
laws bearing on the various titles of these bills. Some of the
material required was completed before the beginning of the
fiscal year and was referred to in the last annual report. To
this have been added the following compilations, namely:
the income tax laws in force in France, Australia, and New
Zealand; tables of income tax rates in Great Britain, France,
Australia, and Prussia; special provisions in Great Britain
relating to differentiation between earned and unearned in-
comes, exemptions and deductions in the case of charitable
and religious organizations and relief in respect of adopted
children; the excess profits duty in Great Britain and busi-
ness-profits tax in Canada, together with a summary of war
profits taxation in all foreign countries (printed as a Senate
committee document) ; the text of excess profits tax laws in
Xew Zealand, France, and the Netherlands; new taxes and
increases in taxes (other than those on incomes and war
profits) since August, 1914, in Great Britain and France; a
summary of the Special War Revenue Act of Canada; tables
showing taxes on beer and spirits in Great Britain, France,
Italy, Russia and Germany; a comparison of the internal
revenue taxes proposed in H. R. 4280 (65th Congress) with
corresponding taxes levied in Great Britain and Canada.
Food control. A series of studies in Government regula-
tion of prices and control of food supply abroad was under-
taken as soon as it became evident that similar legislation
would be considered here. These covered the Acts of Parlia-
ment, Orders-in-Council, and other data for Great Britain
and the Dominion and provincial laws in Canada and New-
foundland, together with Canadian Orders-in-Council com-
16341 17 10
136 Report of the Librarian of Congress
mandeering wheat, creating a board of grain supervisors
and appointing a food controller (printed in part as 6sth
Cong., ist sess., Sen. doc. no. 47) ; the Australian State laws,
with rules and regulations thereunder, and the Common-
wealth war precautions (prices) rules; price regulation and
food control in New Zealand; minimum price fixing in Great
Britain and France; restrictions on exports (cereals, flour,
fodder, etc/) by foreign countries; the organization of the
Imperial Nutrition Office and the regulation of prices in
Germany; Australian laws prescribing the weight of bread.
For France and Germany the laws and decrees from the out-
break of the European War were systematically examined
and a chronological digest, with an alphabetical subject in-
dex, of all those relating to foodstuffs was prepared. Ameri-
can material for the same purpose included United States
meat inspection regulations and State laws relating to im-
mature meat ; a comparison of sections 4 and 5 of the food
control bill, with the Sherman and Clayton Anti-trust Acts
and the Federal Trade Commission Act; and a digest of
State laws relating to weight of loaves of bread.
For use in connection with the sections restricting or
prohibiting the manufacture of intoxicating liquors during
the war, compilations were prepared of the laws and orders
restricting the output of beer and Defence of the Realm
Regulations controlling the liquor traffic in Great Britain;
limitations imposed by the Imperial German government
on the consumption of raw materials by breweries and
on the use of foodstuffs by distilleries; and the British
colonial statutes restricting the liquor traffic enacted since
the outbreak of the European War. This information
was printed in part in the record of hearings before the
Senate Committee on Agriculture on the food control bills
May 7, 1917, pages 345-354 of the testimony.
Trading with the enemy. -The bill to prohibit trading
with the enemy pending at the close of the fiscal year
Report of the Librarian of Congress 137
called for a compilation of the British Trading-\vith-the
Enemy Acts and statutory rules thereunder and the Cana-
dian Orders-in-Council on the same subject, which has
been printed in extenso in the Congressional Record (July
9 P- 5343~535 2 ); a summary of the retaliatory measures
adopted by Germany (printed as 65th Cong., ist sess.,
Sen. doc. No. 107) ; a digest of the United States Trading-
with-the-Enemy Acts, 1812-1864; and memoranda on the
suspension of commercial intercourse with the Confederate
States during the Qivil War.
The requests for briefs on constitutional law topics Constitutional
related principally to the scope and limits of the war powers
of the Federal Government. Many members asked for a
general discussion of the subject and queried how far Con-
gress might go in legislating to meet the emergency and in
delegating its powers to the Executive and what powers
the President could exercise in time of war in virtue of
being Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy. Others
sought for authoritative opinion bearing on particular
questions involved in the war measures proposed and enacted
such as the taking of private property for public use, freedom
of speech and of the press, searches and seizures, the con-
stitutionality of draft legislation, the power to fix prices,
and the extent of Federal control over navigable waters.
The material compiled to meet these inquiries included
not only United States court decisions and the writings
of constitutional lawyers, but also precedents found in the
United States Statutes and General Orders of the War
Department, particularly during the Civil War period, and
in certain cases opinions delivered in the High Court of
Australia, where under a constitution similar to ours similar
questions have recently come up for adjudication (Con-
gressional Record, June 20, 1917, p. 4257-4259).
Compilations of State constitutional provisions which
were prepared during the year related to subjects not con-
138 Report of the Librarian of Congress
nected with war legislation. These included such special
topics as: veto of parts of bills, particularly appropriation
bills; the budget amendments in Maryland and New York;
initiative and referendum; negro suffrage; powers and duties
of State superintendents of schools. A comparative study of
the provisions of foreign constitutions with respect to the
validity of legislation in relation to the judicial and legis-
lative powers was also made.
In addition to the above material bearing on the major
subjects of legislation during the year, many compilations
and digests on topics of less general interest were furnished
to members who were preparing or considering bills for
which statutory precedents, a statement of the law in force,
or comparative legislation data were required, e. g. :
United States. -Investigations by commissions or com-
mittees authorized during the Sixty-second, Sixty-third, and
Sixty-fourth Congresses ; appointment of the principal officers
in executive departments; Federal jurisdiction in actions for
debt; expert testimony; laws relating to United States prisons,
paroles, etc., and to the Metropolitan Police of the District of
Columbia; amendments of the criminal and judicial codes;
special appropriations for expenses incurred in defending
suits against United States 'officers; historical data relating
to the currency system; labor laws of the Sixty-fourth
Congress; court decisions construing the Federal employers'
liability Act of 1 908 ; resolutions relating to the form of govern-
ment in foreign countries ; acts and resolutions of Congress re-
lating to the Botanical Garden ; Federal legislation concerning
the blind ; bills and laws relating to a National Conservatory
of Music; supervision of pedigree record associations by the
Department of Agriculture; statutory precedents for national
incorporation of religious associations.
State. Methods of election of judges of State and county
courts and of State and county superintendents of schools;
appointment of receivers for public service corporations;
Report of the Librarian of Congress 139
title to tidal lands under Spanish and Mexican land grants;
limitations on or prohibition of holding of real estate by
aliens; Torrens system of recording land titles; taxation of
intangible personal property; bucket shop laws; States
prohibiting the intermarriage of first cousins; birth regis-
tration laws; adoption of children; compulsory process in
preliminary criminal proceedings power of prosecuting
officer to issue subpoenas; abolition of capital punishment;
employment of convict labor on the public highways;
desecration of the United States flag.
Foreign. Trial and punishment of civil service employees
in Great Britain, India, Canada, Australia, and South
Africa; civil service regulations in France; savings and loan
bank legislation in Denmark; war restrictions on increase in
rent and mortgage interest in Great Britain; daylight-sav-
ing laws; regulation of export of paper-making materials
in foreign countries; tobacco restriction orders in Great
By the terms of the appropriation under the heading Us
U- i -L- T- F reference files
gislative Reference, the direct service provided for is to
"Congress and committees and Members thereof," but as
the files of data for or bearing on legislation have become
more extensive as the legislative reference work has pro-
gressed, it has become apparent that valuable assistance
can be rendered to executive departments, bureaus, and
commissions from the material collected or prepared for
congressional use. Thus, for instance, the legislative refer-
ence material gathered for use in connection with the draft-
ing or discussion of a bill during its various stages in the
two Houses of Congress is likely to be useful, at least in
the initial stages of its work, to the department, bureau, or
commission which subsequently has the duty of administer-
ing the law when enacted. This is especially the case when
a new Government establishment is created for the purpose.
In the present emergency two conditions have made for
140 Report of the Librarian of Congress
the extended use of the legislative reference collections by
offices in the executive departments and the emergency
organizations auxiliary thereto, namely, the special need for
information regarding foreign war legislation to solve
problems similar to those which the United States now faces,
and the extent to which bills have been prepared by execu-
tive officers and boards or committees of the Council of
National Defense for introduction in Congress. In several
cases it was found that two or more distinct groups of in-
vestigators were engaged in studying the same problem
each without knowledge of the other's activities. Their
requests for the same material suggested the possibility of
unnecessary duplication of effort; and by bringing them in
touch with each other the Legislative Reference Service
has informally acted, to some extent, as a clearing house of
Government investigations a function which is likely to
become more important as its information files are developed.
Publication , In relatively few cases are the results of legislative refer-
ence work made available in their original form to a wider
public. Some instances of publication in the Congressional
Record and committee hearings, or separately as Senate
documents and committee prints, have been noted above.
The latter method presents the compilation or digest in a
form much more convenient for use than the former plan,
which buries it in a mass of other material in which it is
difficult to find when wanted without an exact reference to
the pages where it occurs. A more satisfactory arrange-
ment than either of these would be publication by the
Library of Congress as separate legislative reference bulle-
tins. To enable this to be done, however, an addition to
the piinting allotment would be required.
index to Federal j n consequence of the large increase in the number of
requests for information this year, the indexing of the stat-
utes has been limited mainly to keeping the various files up
to date by indexing the laws printed on sheets as they
Report of the Librarian of Congress 141
appear and adding the page numbers when the session laws
are published. The work of continuation has been kept
constantly within one or two weeks of the enactment of the
laws, and at the end of the fiscal year the public laws were
completely indexed to that date.
A new section of the index has been arranged containing
"permanent local" legislation relating to the principal Fed-
eral jurisdictions (District of Columbia, Alaska, Porto Rico,
Hawaii, etc.).* This is now complete from the Revised Stat-
utes of 1873 to date, except that for Alaska and the District
of Columbia only laws since March 4, 1903, are included,
because the principal earlier laws in these jurisdictions are
superseded by the respective codes.
Some gaps existing in the private and local law index a
year ago have now been filled, but for the current material
published in part II of the Statutes at Large (private acts,
current resolutions, and proclamations) index cards are not
made until the bound volumes are published; consequently,
none of this material beyond March 4, 1915, has as yet been
indexed. The status of the work at the end of the fiscal
year as reported by the chief indexer, Mr. McClenon, was as
Permanent general. Complete from Revised Statutes of
1873 to June 30, 1917, except proclamations since March
Temporary general. Complete from March 5, 1903 to
June 30, 1917, except concurrent resolutions and proclama-
tions since March 4, 1915.
Permanent local. Complete from Revised Statutes of
1873 to June 30, 1917, except Alaska and District of
Columbia prior to March 4, 1903, and proclamations since
March 4, 1915.
Private and local. Complete for private acts in vol. 28 to
38 inclusive (1893-1915), for public acts other than appro-
priation acts from March 5, 1903, to June 30, 1917. Most
Report of the Librarian of Congresf
of the appropriation acts in vol. 38 and a few of those in
vol. 39 are also included.
Repeals and amendments. Complete from 1789 to date
(both on cards and in the margins of an office set of the
Revised Statutes and vol. 18-39 f the Statutes at Large).
index to Mis "In addition to continuing the Index Analysis of the
Federal Statutes, the index force has during the past year
also prepared a subject index to all bills of general interest
introduced in the 64th Congress and in the ^th Congress
currently as received following the headings and main
subheadings of the Index Analysis.
BUI drafting The informal arrangement noted in the last annual report
by which the services of Mr. Beaman and Mr. Peacock,
two of the staff of the Legislative Drafting Department of
Columbia University, New York, were available for Mem-
bers and committees of Congress desiring assistance in the
preparation of bills, is being continued in the absence of
any official provision for bill drafting.
Librarian of Congress
THE PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE
THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables) ... . i45 -I 47
Ib. Appropriation acts, 1917-18 149-154
II. Report of the Register of Copyrights i55~ l8 S
III. Manuscripts and Broadsides: List of Accessions,
APPROPRIATIONS AND EXPENDITURES, 191&-17
Object of appropriation
Library and Copyright Office:
$270, 660. oo
$270, O7v 80
IO, OOO. OO
9, 997. 35
2, OOO. OO
2, OOO. OO
Distribution of card
a 44. O^Q. 26
a 43, 1588. 16
Legislative reference .
25, ooo. oo
104, 440. oo
24, 930. 49
103, 708. 09
Increase of Library
OO OOO OO
c no ooo. oo
Purchase of periodi-
5 ooo. oo
dz, ooo. oo
Purchase of law books
e > ooo oo
d ?. ooo. oo
6 7>34- 74
d 7, 302. 18
Total, Library and
Copyright ! 562, 404. oo
560, 536. 33
i, 867. 67
a Appropriation includes credits of $699.79 on account of sales of cards to Government
institutions and $339.47 yet to be credited. Expenditures 1917 include outstanding
6 Includes credits $4.74 on account of sales of photoduplications to Government insti-
e Any unexpended balance will be available for the succeeding year.
<* Includes outstanding indebtedness.
Exclusive of $3,000 to be expended by the Marshal of the Supreme Court for new
books of reference for that body.
Report of the Librarian of Congress
Object of appropriation
Building and grounds:
Care and maintenance , in-
cluding Sunday service .
83, 245. oo
82, 601. 59
Fuel, lights, and miscel-
n 20, 008. 68
d xo. QA7. 86
Furniture and shelving. . .
10, ooo. oo
VJ vytf /
d 99 8 3-37
Resurfacing west drive-
way and repairs to
4, ooo. oo
2, 62O. 28
I. 37O. 72
Refitting boiler room and
> o / y /
2, =;oo. oo
I, 024. 77
I, 47^. 27
^ H- / /
* J T^ / J O
Total building and
no, 7"\3. 68
116, 177. 87
^,'?7 [ ?-8i
V? / OO
. * 1 1 v f
\J ' J 1 J
682, 157. 68
676, 714. 20
5, 443. 48
Bequest of Gertrude M. Hub-
bard (interest account)
6 2, 972. 45
2, 944. 80
Printing and binding (allot-
ment, not appropriation). . . ,
<-209, 445. 40
209, 196. 59
"Increased $8.68 by refunds of defaulting contractors.
6 Includes balance from preceding year in addition to appropriation of $800.
c Allotment includes credits of $299.87 on account of sales of cards to Government
institutions and $145.33 Y et to be credited. Includes $9,000 provided in Deficiency Act
approved Sept. 8, 1916.
<* Includes outstanding indebtedness.
Appropriations and Expenditures
CONTINGENT EXPENSES IN DETAIL LIBRARY PROPER
Object of expenditure
Stationery supplies $5, 527. 17
Typewriter supplies 138. oo
Dies, presses, rubber stamps, and numbering machines. . . . 243. 03
Travel expenses 186. 56
Street car tickets 75. oo
Postage stamps and international postal cards (foreign cor-
respondence) 235. oo
Telegrams and long-distance telephone messages 20. 24
Transfer charges (expressage, etc.) i. 74
Post-office box rent, July i, 1916, to June 30, 1917 16. oo
Tools 3. 56
Duplicator supplies 28. 76
Photostat paper and developing powders *822. 07
Photostat miscellaneous supplies ;. 05
Total 7, 302. 18
* $488.05 covered into the Treasury on account of sales of photoduplications.
APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AS CON-
TAINED IN "AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE
LEGISLATIVE, EXECUTIVE, AND JUDICIAL EXPENSES OF
THE GOVERNMENT FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE
30, 1918, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES."
General administration: Librarian, $6,500; chief assistant
librarian, $4,000; chief clerk, $2,500; librarian's secretary,
$i,8oo;clerks oneSi,2OO, two at Si,ooo each; stenographers
and typewriters one $1,200, one 840; messenger, $840;
messenger to chief assistant librarian, $540; junior messenger,
$420; operator of photographic copying machine, $600; in
Mail and delivery: Assistants one in charge, Si, 600,
chief Si ,200, one 8960, one $780, one $600; junior messenger,
$420; in all, $5,560.
Order and accession: Chief of division, $2,500; assistants
one $1,500, one $1,200, three at $960 each, two at $840
each, two at $600 each, one $580; two junior messengers,
at $420 each; in all, $12,380.
Catalogue, classification, and shelf : Chief of division,
$3,000; chief classifier, $2,000; assistants four at $1,800
each, seven at $1,500 each, six at $1,400 each, twelve at
$1,200 each, six at $1,000 each, fourteen at $960 each, four
at $920 each, thirteen at $840 each, thirteen at $600 each,
four at $540 each; six junior messengers, at $420 each; in
Binding: Assistants one in charge $1,500, one $960;
junior messenger, $420; in all, $2,880.
Bibliography: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one
$1,500, two at $960 each, one $840; stenographer and type-
writer, $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, $8,640.
Reading rooms (including evening service) and special
collections: Superintendent, $3,000; assistants two at
$1,800 each, five at $1,200 each (including one in room for
the blind), two at charging desk at $1,080 each, five at
$960 each (including one for Toner library and one for
1 50 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Washington library), one in room for the blind, $900, ten
at $840 each, four at $600 each; stenographer and type-
writer, $960; attendants Senate reading room, $960,
Representatives' reading room one $960, one $840, two in
cloakroom at $780 each, two for gallery and alcoves at
$540 each; telephone operator, $660; four junior messengers,
at $420 each; two watchmen, at $780 each; evening service,
assistants five at $960 each fifteen at $840 each, two at
$600 each; in all, $60,120.
Periodical (including evening sendee) : Chief of division,
$2,000; assistants chief $1,500, two at $960 each, five at
$840 each; stenographer and typew r riter, $960; two junior
messengers, at $420 each; in all, $11,420.
Documents: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one
$1,500, one $840; stenographer and typewriter, $960; junior
messenger, $420; in all, $6,720.
Manuscript: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants chief
$1,500, one $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, $5,880.
Maps and charts: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one
$1,500, two at $960 each, one $840; junior messenger, $420;
in all, $7,680.
Music: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one $1,500,
one $1,000, two at $840 each; junior messenger, $420; in
Prints: Chief of division, $2,000; assistants one $1,500,
two at $960 each; junior messenger, $420; in all, $5,840.
Smithsonian deposit: Custodian, $1,500; assistant, $1,500;
messenger, $780; junior messenger, $420; in all, $4,200.
Congressional Reference Library: Custodian, $1,500;
assistants one $1,200, one $960, one $840; two junior
messengers, at $420 each; in all, $5,340.
Law Library: Librarian, $3,000; assistants two at $1,400
each, one $960, one $540, one (evening service) $1,500;
junior messenger, $420; in all, $9,220.
Semitic and Oriental Literature: Chief of division, $3,000;
assistant, $1,500; junior messenger, $420; in all, $4,920.
COPYRIGHT OFFICE: Register, $4,000; assistant register,
$3,000; clerks four at $2,000 each, four at $1,800 each,
seven at $1,600 each, one $1,500, eight at $1,400 each, ten
at $1,200 each, ten at $1,000 each, eighteen at $960 each,
two at $860 each, ten at $780 each, four at $600 each, two
Appropriation Acts 1917-18 151
at 5480 each ; lour junior messengers, at $420 each. Arrears,
special sendee: Three clerks, at $1,200 each; porter, $780;
junior messenger, $420; in all, $104,740.
Legislative Reference: To enable the Librarian of Con-
gress to employ competent persons to gather, classify, and
make available, in translations, indexes, digests, compila-
tions, and bulletins, and otherwise, data for or bearing upon
legislation, and to render such data serviceable to Congress
and committees and Members thereof, $25,000.
DISTRIBUTION OF CARD INDEXES: For sendee in connec-
tion with distribution of card indexes and other publica-
tions of the Library: Chief of division, $3,000: chief assis-
tant, $1,800; assistants two at $1,600 each, three at
Si, 500 each, three at $1,400 each, four at $1,200 each, four
at Si,ioo each, four at $1,000 each; for sendees of assis-
tants at salaries less than $1,000 per annum and for piece-
work and work by the hour, $17,000, including not exceed-
ing $500 for freight charges, expressage, traveling expenses
connected with such distribution, and expenses of attendance
at meetings when incurred on the written authority and
direction of the Librarian, $46,900.
TEMPORARY SERVICES: For special and temporary ser-
vice, including extra special services of regular employees
at the discretion of the Librarian, $2,000.
CARRIER SERVICE: For sendee in connection with the
Senate and House Office Buildings, $960, or so much thereof
as may be necessary.
SUNDAY OPENING: To enable the Library of Congress to
be kept open for reference use from two until ten o'clock
postmeridian on Sundays and legal holidays, within the
discretion of the Librarian, including the extra sendees of
employees and the services of additional employees under
the Librarian, Si 0,000 or so much thereof as may be
INCREASE OF LIBRARY OF CONGRESS: For purchase of
books for the Library, including payment in advance for
subscriptions books, and society publications, and for freight,
commissions, and traveling expenses, and all other expenses
incidental to the acquisition of books by purchase, gift,
bequest, or exchange, to continue available during the fiscal
16341 17 11
152 Report of the Librarian of Congress
year nineteen hundred and nineteen, $90,000, together with
the unexpended balance of the sum appropriated for this
object for the fiscal year nineteen hundred and seventeen;
For purchase of books and for periodicals for the law
library, under the direction of the Chief Justice, $3,000;
For purchase of new books of reference for the Supreme
Court, to be a part of the Library of Congress, and purchased
by the marshal of the Supreme Court, under the direction
of the Chief Justice, $2,000;
For purchase of miscellaneous periodicals and newspapers,
In all, $100,000
CONTINGENT EXPENSES : For miscellaneous and contingent
expenses, stationery, supplies, stock, and materials directly
purchased, miscellaneous traveling expenses, postage, trans-
portation, incidental expenses connected with the adminis-
tration of the Library and the Copyright Office, including not
exceeding $500 for expenses of attendance at meetings when
incurred on the written authority and direction of the
LIBRARY BUILDING AND GROUNDS: Superintendent, $3,600;
clerks one $2,000, one $1,600, one $1,400, one $1,000;
property clerk, $900; messenger; assistant messenger; two
telephone switchboard operators; captain of watch, $1,400;
lieutenant of watch, $1,000; eighteen watchmen, at $900
each;, two carpenters, at $900 each; painter, $900; foreman
of laborers, $900; sixteen laborers, at $600 each; two
attendants in ladies' room, at $480 each, four check boys,
at $360 each; mistress of charwomen, $425; assistant mis-
tress of charwomen, $300; fifty-eight charwomen; chief
engineer, $1,500; assistant engineers one $1,200, three at
$900 each; electrician, $1,500; machinists one $1,000, one
$900; two wiremen, at $900 each; plumber, $900; three
elevator conductors, and ten skilled laborers, at $720 each;
in all, $83,205.
For extra services of employees and additional employees
under the superintendent to provide for the opening of the
Library Building from two until ten o'clock post meridian
on Sundays and legal holidays, $2,800.
For fuel, lights, repairs, miscellaneous supplies, electric
and steam apparatus, city directory, stationery, mail and
Appropriation Acts 1917-18 153
delivery service, and all incidental expenses in connection
with the custody, care, and maintenance of said building and
grounds, including $1,400, to be immediately available, addi-
tional for waterproofing parts of east driveway and over
machinery; $1,075 f r fi fe hose and fittings; $8,500, to be
immediately available, for repairing tunnel and mechanical
book carrier connecting the Library Building and the
Capitol; $2,300 for repairing passenger elevators; $500 for
painting portions of roof of building; and $2,000 for point-
ing exterior stone\vork of building, $28,000.
For providing and installing cooling and circulating
drinking-water system in Library Building, $5,000, to be
For furniture, including partitions, screens, shelving, and
electrical work pertaining thereto, $10,000.
SEC. 7. That to provide, during the fiscal year nineteen
hundred and eighteen, for increased compensation at the
rate of ten per centum per annum to employees who receive
salaries at a rate per annum less than $1,200, and for in-
creased compensation at the rate of five per centum per
annum to employees who receive salaries at a rate not more
than $1,800 per annum and not less than $1,200 per annum,
so much as may be necessary is appropriated : Provided, That
this section shall only apply to the employees \vho are appro-
priated for in this act specifically and under lump sums or
whose employment is authorized herein : Provided further,
That detailed reports shall be submitted to Congress on the
first day of the next session showing the number of persons,
the grades or character of positions, the original rates of
compensation, and the increased rates of compensation pro-
vided for herein.
Provisions in "An act making appropriations for sundry
civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June
thirtieth, nineteen hundred and eighteen, and for other pur-
For such trees, shrubs, plants, fertilizers, and skilled
labor for the grounds of the Library of Congress as may be
requested by the superintendent of the Library Buildings,
1 54 Report of the Librarian of Congress
PUBLIC PRINTING AND BINDING. For the Library of Con-
gress, including the copyright office and the publication
of the Catalogue of Title Entries of the copyright office,
and binding, rebinding, and repairing of library books, and
for building and grounds, $200,000.
REPORT OF THE REGISTER OF COPYRIGHTS FOR THE
FISCAL YEAR 1916-17
WASHINGTON, D. C., July 6, 1917.
SIR: The copyright business and the work of the Copy-
right Office for the fiscal year July i, 1916, to June 30,
1917, inclusive, are summarized as follows:
The gross receipts during the year were $113,808.51. Fees ' etc -
A balance of $9,222.53, representing trust funds and un-
finished business, was on hand July i, 1916, making a total
of 8123,031.04 to be accounted for. Of this amount the
sum of $2,578.31 received by the Copyright Office was re-
funded as excess .fees or as fees for articles not registrable,
leaving a net balance of $120,452.73. The balance carried
over to July i, 1917, was $10,375.33 (representing trust
funds, $8,188.70, and total unfinished business since July
i, 1897 20 years $2,186.63), leaving fees applied during
the fiscal year 1916-17 and paid into the Treasury
The yearly copyright fees have more than doubled since
the reorganization of the office in 1897, reaching above the
$100,000 mark during the first year of operation under the
new copyright law, which went into effect on July i, 1909.
The annual applied fees since July i, 1897, are:
1898-99. 58, 267. oo
1899-1900 65, 206. oo
1901-2 64, 687. oo
1903-4 7 2 629. oo
I9 11 - 12 116,685.05
1913-14 120, 219. 25
1 56 Report of the Librarian of Congress
salaries The appropriation made by Congress for salaries in the
Copyright Office for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1917,
was $104,440. The total expenditures for salaries was
$103,708.09, or $6,369.31 less than the net amount of fees
earned and paid into the Treasury during the correspond-
ing year. The expenditure for supplies, including station-
ery and other articles and postage on foreign mail matter,
etc., was $1,059.31.
Copyright re- During the 2o fiscal years since the reorganization of the
ceipts and fees
Copyright Office (from July i, 1897, to June 30, 1917) the
copyright fees applied and paid into the Treasury have
amounted to $1,759,853.55, and the articles deposited num-
ber 3,838,483; and the total copyright registrations have
exceeded two millions (2,162,979).
Excess of fees The fees ($i ,759,853.55) were larger than the appropria-
over salaries . f , , . , , , /M .
tions for salanes used dunng the same penod ($i ,512,795.84)
Value of copy- In addition to this direct profit, a large number of the
right deposits . '
3,838,483 books, maps, musical works, periodicals, prints,
and other articles deposited during the 20 years were of
substantial pecuniary value and of such a character that
their accession to the Library of Congress through the
Copyright Office effected a saving to the purchase fund of
the Library equal in amount to their price.
COPYRIGHT ENTRIES AND FEES
Registrations The registrations for the fiscal year numbered 111,438.
Of these, 103,226 were registrations at $i each, including a
certificate, and 6,220 were registrations of photographs
without certificates, at 50 cents each. There were also
1,992 registrations of renewals, at 50 cents each. The fees
for these registrations amounted to a total of $107,332.
The number of registrations in each class from July i,
. 1911, to June 30, 1917, as compared with the number of
entries made the previous year, is shown in Exhibit F.
Articles depos- The various articles deposited in compliance with the
copyright law which have been registered, stamped, in-
Register of Copyrights 157
dexed, and catalogued during the fiscal year amount to
195,627. The number of these articles in each class for the
20 fiscal years is shown in Exhibit G.
The copyright act which went into force on July i, 1909, TRANSFERRED TO
provides for the gradual elimination of the accumulated Books
copyright deposits (sees. 59 and 60). During the year books
desired for the Library to the number of 6,598 volumes
(including 1,134 foreign books and pamphlets) have been
forwarded through the Order Division. These selected
books were in addition to the "first" copies of copyright
books sent forward as received from day to day, numbering
1 1,579 f r the fiscal year. -In addition, there has been trans-
ferred upon the Librarian's order a collection of books and
pamphlets relating to American poetrv and printed dramas American poetry
by American authors, numbering 942 pieces, thus making a
total of 19,1 19 books and pamphlets delivered to the Library
from the Copyright Office during the year.
Of musical compositions 32,045 were deposited and regis- Slt ^ ical comtK> -
tered during the year, and of these 19,049 were selected and
transferred to the Music Division. There were also trans-
ferred 1,418 musical compositions that were registered prior
to 1909 under the old law. All of the 1,529 maps registered
during the year were placed in the Map Division. Out of - Ua ^- rfc -
the total of 19,078 photographs, engravings, and other "pic-
torial illustrations" entered, 3,480 were selected and for-
warded to the Print Division for permanent deposit. Of
the 25 daily newspapers registered, both copies of 17 (8
being rejected) were promptlv sent to the Periodical Division, ^'e^spapen
' and magazines
and 1,254 magazines and periodicals, including weekly news-
papers, out of the 1,647 different journals received, were also
transferred to that division ; while the copies received in the
case of 393 of the least important publications, registered
under the designation "periodical," have been returned dur-
ing the year to the copyright claimants, not being required
by the Library.
The act of March 4, 1909 (sec. 59), provides for the
transfer to other "governmental libraries" in the District of*"
Columbia "for use therein" of such copyright deposits as
are not required by the Library of Congress, and during the
present fiscal year 5,081 books were selected by the librarians
and thus transferred to the libraries of the following: De-
158 Report of the Librarian of Congress
partments (Agriculture, Commerce, Navy, and Treasury);
Bureaus (Education, Fisheries, Mines, Standards) ; Engineer
School, Federal Trade Commission, Hygienic Laboratory,
Internal Revenue Office, and the Public Library of the
District of Columbia.
Reium of depos- Under the provisions of the act of March 4, 1909, authority
tts to copyright
claimants is granted also for the return to the claimants of copyright
of such copyright deposits as are not required by the
Library or Copyright Office. The notice required by section
60 has been printed for all classes of works deposited and
registered during the years January i, 1900, to June 30,
1914. In response to special requests, 9,649 motion-picture
films have been returned to the copyright claimants, and of
the current deposits not needed by the Library of Congress
the following have also been so returned: 15,464 "books"
(pamphlets, leaflets, etc.), 398 photographs, 16,963 prints,
11,326 periodicals, 3,415 pieces of music; a total of 57,215
pieces. The total number of articles thus transferred during
the year or returned to the copyright claimants amounts to
nearly one hundred and fifty thousand pieces (147,912).
Requests for co t>- j n response to inquiries received during the year from the
Card Section, the Order Division, and the Reading Room in
regard to 342 books supposed to have been copyrighted but
not found in the Library, it was discovered that 22 of these
works were actually in the Library, 53 of the books had been
deposited and were still in the Copyright Office, 55 works
were either not published, did not claim copyright, or for
other reasons could not be deposited, and in the case of 53
works no answers to our letters of inquiry had been received
up to June 30, 1917. Copies were received of 159 works
in all in response to requests made by the Copyright Office
during the period of twelve months for the works published
in recent years.
THE COPYRIGHT INDEX AND CATALOGUE, BULLETINS, AND
index cards fhe copyright registrations are indexed upon cards. The
cards made are first used as copy for the printed catalogue
and after printing are added to the permanent card indexes
of the copyright entries.
Register of Copyrights
The Catalogue of Copyright Entries has been continued, -
1 - (-opyngnt t-ntries
as required by law, by the publication of five volumes for
the calendar year 1916, containing a total of 7,074 pages
of text and indexes.
Each part of the catalogue is sold separately at a nominal
annual subscription rate within the maximum price estab-
lished by law, as follows:
Part i , groups i and 2, books and pamphlets, etc ............... $i. oo
Part 2 , periodicals ............................................. 50
Part 3, musical compositions ................................. i. oo
Part 4, works of art, photographs, etc ........................... 50
The price of the entire catalogue is $3 for the year. The
subscriptions, by express provisions of the copyright act,
are required to be paid to the Superintendent of Documents
(Office of the Public Printer, Washington, D. C.), and all
subscriptions must be for the complete year for each part
Copyright Office Bulletin No. 14 was reprinted during the
year (66 pp. 8), the added matter being the full text of the
three acts amendatory of the copyright act of March 4,
1909, namely the acts approved August 24, 1912, March 2,
1913, and March 28, 1914.
The copyright order in council of New Zealand, issued
on February 2, 1916, at Wellington, and the presidential
proclamation of February 9, 1917 (both effective on De-
cember i, 1916), were printed as Information Circular
No. 56. (5 pp. 8.)
The printing of the Catalogue of Dramatic Compositions dra^'^ig
copyrighted in the United States, 1870-1916, is nearing
completion. The list and its supplement make 2,831 pages,
of which 2,526 have been issued in signatures and the re-
maining 305 are in proof. The index to the volumes is now
ready and at the printer's.
Bulletin no. 17, containing decisions of United States
courts involving copyrights will be followed by Bulletin no.
1 8, continuing the series and including not only Federal
decisions, but also cases decided in the State courts as well
as departmental opinions relating to the law of literary
property and kindred subjects. This publication is now in
type and will shortly be ready for distribution in a cloth-
bound volume of more than 500 pages, which can be sub-
scribed for at a nominal price.
160 Report of the Librarian of Congress
SUMMARY OF COPYRIGHT BUSINESS
Summary of Balance on hand July i, 1016. . $0,222.
copyright business _.
Gross receipts July i, 1916, to June 30, 1917. 113,808. 51
1 Total to be accounted for 123, 031. 04
Refunded 2, 1578. 31
Balance to be accounted for $120, 452. 73
Applied as earned fees no, 077. 40
Balance carried over to July i,
Trust funds $8, 188. 70
Unfinished business July i,
1897, to June 30, 1917,
20 years 2, 186. 63
Jo. 375- 33
120, 452. 73
Total fees earned and paid into Treasury during the 20
years from July i, 1897, to June 30, 1917 i, 759, 853. 55
Total unfinished business for 20 years 2, 186. 63
FEES FOR FISCAL YEAR
Fees Fees for registrations, including certificates,
at $i each $103, 226. oo
Fees for registrations of photographs with-
out certificates, at 50 cents each 3, no. oo
Fees for registrations of renewals, at 50 cents
each 996. oo
Total fees for registrations recorded 107, 332. oo
Fees for certified copies of record, at 50 cents
each 859. oo
Fees for recording assignments i, 469. oo
Searches made and charged for at the rate of
50 cents for each hour of time consumed . 1 58. oo
Notices of user recorded (Music) 152. oo
Indexing transfers of proprietorship 107. 40
2, 745. 40
Total fees for fiscal year 1916-17 no, 077. 40
Entries Number of registrations 109, 446
Number of renewals recorded i, 992
Number of certified copies of record i, 718
Number of assignments recorded or copied i, 013
Register of Copyrights 161
The greater part of the business of the Copyright Office Correspondence
is done by correspondence. The total letters and parcels
received during the fiscal year numbered 139,062, while the
letters, parcels, etc., dispatched numbered 146,332. Let-
ters received transmitting remittances numbered 42,354,
including money orders to the number of 28,160. During
the last 20 fiscal years the money orders received numbered
more than half a million (536,990).
CONDITION OF COPYRIGHT OFFICE WORK
(a) Current -work
On Tulv 6, 1917, the remittances received up to the third Condition of cur-
J J rent -work
mail of the day had been recorded. The account books
of the bookkeeping division were written up and posted
to June 30, and the accounts rendered to the Treasury De-
partment were settled up to and including the month of
June, while earned fees to June 30, inclusive, had been
paid into the Treasury.
All copyright applications received up to and including
June 30 bad been passed upon and refunds made. The
unfinished business amounted on June 30, 1917, to $2,186. 63.
Of this, however, a large sum represented business for the
fiscal year, held awaiting answers to letters from the Copy-
right Office in regard to informalities, etc.
At the close of business on July 6, 1917, of the works
deposited for copyright registration up to and including
June 30 all had been recorded except 213 entries in Class A
and 107 in Class B. Assignments to the number of 10 were
in hand unrecorded. There remained to be indexed: Class
A, Books, 275; Class D, Dramas, 8; Class E, Music, 674;
Class F, Maps, 20; Class G, Works of Art, 80; Class K,
COPYRIGHT LEGISLATION AND INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT
The Sixty-fourth Congress closed without action by the Copyright bills
Senate on the two copyright bills described in my last year's
report (pp. 185-188), which had been passed by the House
and referred to the Senate Committee on Patents, namely,
H. R. 8356 and H. R. 13981.
1 62 Report of the Librarian of Congress
On August 4, 1916, a bill was introduced in the House of
BUI H.R. 1721)4 Representatives by Hon. George S. Graham (H. R. 17294,
64th Cong., ist sess.) * to provide a remedy for failure
to make deposit of the required copies within the time
fixed by the statute, by legalizing such deposits made prior
to January i, 1917. The bill was referred to the House
Committee on Patents.
Two copyright bills have been reintroduced during the
first session of the Sixty-fifth Congress. On April 3, 1917,
Hon. Charles B. Smith, of New York, presented (as H. R.
BUI H.R. 343 343) 2 his former bill (H. R. 13348 see my Annual Report
for 1915-16, p. 190) amending section 25 of the act of
1 909 to provide that the maximum damages for infringement
by a newspaper reproduction of a copyrighted photograph,
print, or pictorial illustration shall be $250; and amending
section 40, providing for the costs of a suit to add the pro-
viso "that if only the minimum amount specified in this
act for damages shall be awarded, each party shall pay his
own costs." The bill was referred to the Committee on
Patents and ordered to be printed.
On the same day (Apr. 3, 1917) Hon. Luther W. Mott
' presented the bill (H. R. 365) 3 proposing to add to the list
of classes of copyright works named in section 5 of the
Copyright Act of March 4, 1909, "Labels, trade-marks,
firm names, and special designs, pictures, prints, wrappers,
cartons, containers, and advertisements which are specifi-
cally created for individual trades, manufactures, or busi-
nesses, engraved, printed, colored, or produced in any
manner whatsoever." The bill was referred to the Com-
mittee on Patents and ordered to be printed.
ri f iigns cot>y ~ In my last year's report (pp. 194-195) I reported on
various bills which had been presented to Congress up to
April 15, 1916, proposing legislation to secure copyright
1 1916 (Aug. 4). A bill relating to copyrights. Presented by Mr. Graham. H. R. bil]l
17294. 64th Cong., i st sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.-
2 1917 (Apr. 3). A bill to amend the provision regarding newspapers in clause (b) of
section 25 of an act entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copy-
right," approved Mar. 4, 1909, as amended by an act approved Aug. 24, 1912, and also to
amend section 40 of said act. Presented by Mr. Smith of New York. H. R. bill 343,
6sth Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.]
3 1917 (Apr. 3). A bill to amend the copyright law passed Alar. 4, 1909. Presented
by Mr. Mott. Bill H. R. 365, 6sth Cong., ist sess., printed, 3 pp. 4. [Referred to the
Committee on Patents.]
Register of Copyrights 163
for designs for articles of manufacture. On August 4,
1916, a new draft of the original bill was presented to the
House by Hon. Martin A. Morrison (H. R. I729O). 1 This
bill was favorably reported by the House Committee on
Patents on August 18, 1916 (see my last year's report, p.
195 H. R. Report Xo. 1 1 a
The bill as favorably reported to the House was intro-
duced to the Senate by Hon. Thomas Taggart on August
22, 1917 (S. 692 5 i, 3 was read twice and referred to the Com-
mittee on Patents. Public hearings on the bill were had
before a subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Patents
on January 24, 1917,* but the bill was not reported. On
February 9, 1917, Hon. Martin A. Morrison, at that time
chairman of the House Committee on Patents, presented
a revised bill (H. R. 20842 i 5 which was ordered to be printed BMH. R. 20842
and referred to the Committee on Patents. Xo further
action is recorded.
The various bills "to amend and revise the laws relating bi ^ Mic *"****<>
to printing and binding and the distribution of publica-
tions for Congress" reported on in my last year's report
(p. 1931 had contained a provision that "no Government
publication nor any portion thereof shall be copyrighted."
The revised bill introduced in the Senate by Hon. William
E. Chilton on January 10, 1917 (S. 7795)," contained a defi-
nition of "Government publication" and the prohibition of
copyright quoted above (sec. 18, par. i). The Senate
Committee submitted a detailed report on this bill on
' 1916 (Aug. 4). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr.
Morrison. Bill H. R. 17290, 64th Cong., istsess. Printed, 23 pp. 4. [Referred to the
Committee on Patents.]
* 1916 (Aug. 18). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Committed to the
Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union. Bill H. R. 17290 (H. R.
Report No. 1125), 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 23 pp. 4".
* 1916 (Aug. 21, calendar day, Aug. 22). A bill providing for the registration of de-
signs. Presented by Mr. Taggart. Bill 8.6925. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 23 pp. 4.
[Referred to the Committee on Patents.]
* Registration of designs. Hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on
Patents, United States Senate, 64th Cong., 2d sess., on S. 6925, an act providing for the
registration of designs. Printed for the use of the Committee on Patents. [January 24,
1 9 1 "-] 75 PP- 8. Washington, Government Printing Office, 1917.
s 1917 (Feb. 9). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr.
Morrison. Bill H. R. 20842, 64th Cong., 2d sess. Printed, 23 pp. 4. [Referred to
the Committee on Patents.]
6 1917 (Jan. 10). A bill to amend and revise the laws relating to printing and binding
and the distribution of publications for Congress. Presented by Mr. Chilton. Bill S.
7795, 64th Cong., 2d sess. Printed, 28 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Printing.]
164 Report of the Librarian of Congress
January n, 1917,* which report contained a reference
to the clause concerning copyright. This bill passed the
Senate on February 6, 1917. The House of Represen-
tatives has taken no action upon the Senate bill; but on
BiUH.R.2io2i 'February 22, 1917, a substitute bill (H. R. 2io2i) 2 was
introduced in the House by Hon. Henry A. Barnhart. In
this draft, section 18, containing the provision quoted pro-
hibiting copyright in Government publications has been
II. International Copyright Relations
zianT lk The only action to report during the fiscal year concerning
President's Proc- copyright relations between the United States and foreign
lamation Feb. Q, countr j e s is the issuance of the proclamation by the Presi-
dent on February 9, 1917, extending to citizens of New
Zealand the benefits of section i (e) of the Copyright Act
of March 4, 1909, to secure "copyright controlling the parts
of instruments serving to reproduce mechanically the musical
work, in the case of such musical compositions by the com-
posers of New Zealand as have been published since Decem-
ber i, 1916, and have been duly registered for copyright in
the United States."
New Zealand This proclamation was issued by agreement in exchange
order in c^ndi fof an Qrder ^ n Counc ii by the Governor of New Zealand,
dated February 2, 1916, to go into effect on December i,
1916, to secure protection in New Zealand for the unpub-
lished works of American authors. 3
1 1917 (Jan. n). A bill to amend and revise the laws relating to printing and binding
and the distribution of publications for Congress. Reported by Mr. Chilton, without
amendment. Bill S. 7795 (.S. Report No. 910), 64th Cong., 26. sess. Printed, 28 pp. 4.
* 1917 (Feb. 22). A bill to amend and revise the laws relating to printing and binding
and the distribution of publications for Congress. Presented by Mr. Barnhart. Bill
H. R. 2ioai, 64th Cong., 2d sess. Printed, 23 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on
3 This order directs that the Copyright Act of 1913 of New Zealand shall apply:
'' (a) To literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works the authors whereof were at the
time of the making of the works citizens of the United States of America, in like manner
as if the authors had been British subjects:
" (h) In respect of residence in the United States of America, in like manner as if such
residence had been residence in New Zealand:
"Provided that (i) the term of copyright within New Zealand shall not exceed that
conferred by the law of the United States of America: (ii) the enjoyment of the rights
conferred by this Order shall be subject to the accomplishment of the conditions and
formalities prescribed by the law of the United States of America: (Hi) in the application
to existing works of the provisions of section 32 of the Copyright Act, 1913, the commence-
ment of this Order shall be substituted for the ist July, 1913, in paragraph (h) of subsec-
The full texts of the Order in Council and the President's Proclamation are printed
as Addenda I to this Report, pp. 183-185.
Register of Copyrights 165
This New Zealand Order in Council is in exact agreement
with the similar British Order of February 3, 1915, to secure
copyright protection for the unpublished works of American
authors in exchange for the extension to British composers
of the benefits of section i (e) of our Copyright Act of 1909,
to enable them to control the reproduction of their musical
works by means of mechanical contrivances, such as per-
forated music rolls or musical records. By the terms of the
British Order the protection for unpublished works by
American authors was extended to Great Britain and the
British Colonies and Possessions with the express exception
of the self-governing dominions of Australia, New Zealand,
Canada, Newfoundland, and South Africa.
Our International Copyright Relations
More than a quarter of a century has now elapsed since
the copyright protection granted by law in the United States
was extended to the works of foreign authors, under certain
conditions, by the provisions of the Copyright Act of March
3, 1891. The fundamental condition was the existence of
reciprocal protection in the foreign country, and this was to
be determined from time to time by proclamation of the
On July i, 1891 (the date upon which the copyright act
went into effect), the President issued the first copyright
proclamation under the provisions of the act in behalf of
the authors of Belgium, France, Great Britain and the
British possessions, and Switzerland. 2
The protection extended in the United States to the
authors of each of these countries was that accorded by our
1 Section 13 of the act of 1891 provides. "That this act shall only apply to a citizen
or subject of a foreign state or nation when such foreign state or nation permits to citizens
of the United States of America the benefit of copyright on substantially the same basis
as [to] its own citizens; or when such foreign state or nation is a party to an international
agreement which provides for reciprocity in the granting of copyright, by the terms of
which agreement the United States of America may, at its pleasure, become a party to
2 By subsequent proclamations issued at different dates copyright privileges in the
United States have been extended on the dates stated to the authors of the following
European countries: Apr. 15 1892, Germany; Oct. 31, 1892, Italy; May 8, 1893, Denmark;
July 20, 1893, Portugal; July 10, 1895, Spain; Nov. ro, 1899, The Netherlands; July i,
1905, Norway; Sept. 20, 1907, Austria; June 29, 1910, Luxemburg; May 26, 1911, Sweden;
Oct. 4, 1912, Tunis; Oct. 15, 1912, Hungary, the first European country with which
the United States made a copyright treaty.
1 66 Report of the Librarian of Congress
copyright laws and could only be secured upon full compli-
ance with all the conditions and formalities prescribed by
those laws. Registration was required in our copyright
office upon the obligatory deposit ("on cr before the day of
publication in this or any foreign country"') of a "printed
copy of the title" of the author's work; and the deposit was
insisted upon of two copies of every published work "not
later than the day of publication thereof in this or any for-
eign country," as well as " a copy of every subsequent edition
wherein any substantial changes shall be made. ' ' Each copy
of every work was required to carry the copyright notice,
and in the case of some works (chromos, lithographs, and
photographs) the law required them to be remanufactured
in the United States, while the author of a book, whether he
was a native or foreigner, could not protect it at all unless
it had been printed in this country from type set within the
limits of the United States; and to lend support to this
printing requirement the general importation was prohibited
of copies not so printed. A foreign author, therefore, was
obliged to arrange for and complete the reprinting of his
book in the United States before he could safely proceed
with its publication in his own country, and he was under
the necessity, moreover, to deposit such reprinted copies here
(after antecedent registration of the title) not later than the
day upon which his book was published abroad. These re-
quirements proved a serious burden on the foreign author
and greatly curtailed the protection which he could actually
Books in foreign secure under our copyright laws. The obligation to reset
languages * J
in the United States books printed in languages other than
English proved practically prohibitive of any protection at
all, and prevented the foreign author of such books from
securing copyright in the United States. Under the amend-
atory acts of January 7, 1904, and March 3, 1905, ad interim
protection was provided for terms of one and two years and
the extension of the protection to the full term of copyright
was secured if an American edition , either of the original foreign
work or of an English translation, were produced within the
period of the ad interim term. The act of March 4, 1909,
finally excepted from the requirement to reprint a book in
the United States if it were "a book of foreign origin in a
language or languages other than English. ' ' This act further
Register of Copyrights 167
abolished the useless preliminary filing of the title page, and
by the amendatory act of March 28, 1914, it was provided
that one copy could be deposited in lieu of two, "if the work
is by an author who is a citizen or subject of a foreign state
or nation and has been published in a foreign country," and
this deposit is not required to be made until after the pub-
lication of the work in the author's own country.
The act of March 4, 1909, amended the law "to secure
copyright controlling the parts of instruments sen-ing to
reproduce mechanically a musical work," and presidential
proclamations have been issued to secure that right in the
United States for the citizens or subjects of Germany
(December 8, 1910); Belgium, Luxemburg, and Norway
(June 14, 1911); Cuba (November 27, 1911); Hungary
(October 15, 1912); Great Britain (not including Canada,
Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland, or South Africa
January i, 1.915); Italy (May i, 1915); New Zealand
(February 9, 1917).
With Latin America our copvright relations began with Copyright reio-
KJ , turns u-itk South
the issuance ot presidential proclamations, under the act -^
of March 3, 1891, in behalf of Mexico (February 27, 1896);
Chile (May 25, 1896); Costa Rica (October 19, 1899); and
Cuba (November 17, 1903) ; securing to the authors of these
countries access to the benefits accorded by our copyright
laws upon compliance with the formalities prescribed by
On April 9, 1908, the President proclaimed the Convention Convention of
between the United States and other powers on literary and
artistic copyrights, signed at the City of Mexico on January
27, 1902. This treaty (the second Pan-American copyright
convention) went into effect on July i, 1908, as between the
United States and Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras,
Nicaragua, and Salvador. This was superseded by the Convention
Convention on Literary and Artistic Copyright (the fourth
Pan-American copyright convention) signed at Buenos
Aires on August n, 1910, by the United States and all the
Central and South American States, except Bolivia. It was
ratified on March 12, 1911, but was not proclaimed until
July 13, 1914, as then in effect between the United States
and the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Hon-
16341 17 - 12
1 68 Report of the Librarian of Congress
duras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Notice has been received
of the subsequent adhesion to this convention of Bolivia,
Brazil, Costa Rica, Paraguay, and Salvador. Under
article one of this treaty "The signatory States acknowledge
AND PROTECT the rights of Literary and Artistic Property
in conformity with the stipulations of the present Conven-
tion." Article two enumerates the "Literary and artistic
works" protected (books, music, original works of art, etc.)
including, finally, "all productions that can be published
by any means of impression or reproduction." Article
three of the Convention provides that
"The acknowledgment of a copyright obtained in
one State, in conformity with its laws, shall produce its
effects of full right, in all the other States, without the
necessity of complying with any other formality, pro-
vided always there shall appear in the work a statement
that indicates the reservation of the property right."
Copyright reia- The first treaty by the United States dealing exclusively
tions -with Japan: ... ., t a. j *._ "T
Treaty 0/1905 with copyright was negotiated with Japan and was signed
at Tokio on November 10, 1905, and was proclaimed by the
President on May 17, 1906. It was followed by two treaties
with Japan signed at Washington on May 19, 1908, and pro-
claimed on August n, 1908, for the reciprocal protection
in CHINA and KOREA for patents for inventions, designs,
trade-marks, and copyrights.
Copyright reia- O ur copyright relations with Great Britain were estab-
tnd with Ew(7 "lished by the President's proclamation of July i, 1891 (in
accordance with the provisions of section 13 of the act of
March 3, 1891), and were confirmed by the proclamation of
April 9, 1910, following the enactment of the consolidated
copyright statute of March 4, 1909. The new copyright
Rights n wder privileges accorded by section i (e) of that act (to control
Britain 'and New the reproduction of music by mechanical instruments) were
extended to Great Britain on January i, 1915, and to New
Zealand on December i, 1916, in exchange, in the case of
each country, for an Order in Council securing to citizens
Register of Copyrights 169
of the United States protection in Great Britain and New
Zealand for their unpublished works.
The copyright relations between the United States and Unsatisfactory
Great Britain, which have now existed for more than a
quarter of a century, have never been either complete or
satisfactory. They have never been nor are they now in
any exact sense "reciprocal." The protection accorded American au-
American authors has been incomplete and inadequate and
especially uncertain and unsatisfactory as regards security
for literary property in Canada and Australia. On the
other hand, the authors of Great Britain and her English- L British authors
speaking dominions have found their copyright protection
in the United States heavily handicapped, in the case of
books and prints, by the requirement of remanufacture in
the United States. The privileges conferred have also
been burdened with compulsory registration and the obli-
gation to deposit copies.
The exigencies of the great war have brought hampering b
conditions of a new kind through the necessity upon the
part of Great Britain to prohibit the importation of printed
books and music "imported otherwise than in single copies
through the post." This prohibition has put a stop to the
usual methods taken by American publishers for securing
the publication of their works, especially music, in England;
and it has become very difficult, if not almost impossible,
to take the steps required by the British Copyright Act in
order to secure copyright in Great Britain for published
works by American authors. This embargo upon printed bJr
books and music also prevents American publishers from" 9 *"
supplying through the ordinary business channels the
English demand for such works by United States authors.
This situation may result in very serious losses, more es-
pecially to those American authors whose works might be
the basis for lucrative motion-picture rights or profitable
dramatic representation, and to American composers of
music who, if protected, could profitably dispose of their
rights to authorize the making of perforated music rolls or
phonographic records from their music.
So far as the authors of Great Britain and their brother ^-
authors of the great English colonial commonwealths are
concerned, the protection securable in the United States for
1 70 Report of the Librarian of Congress
their literary productions under our copyright relations is
also inadequate and must, besides, seem unreasonably bur-
dened with difficult and unusual conditions. A comparison
of the actual copyright situation of British authors with
that of United States authors, so far as securing reciprocal
protection in the other country is concerned, shows marked
Un published and unfavorable differences. While the unpublished works
of American authors are now protected in Great Britain
without any formalities, exactly as if the authors of such
works were British subjects, or were resident within Great
Britain, the British author in order to secure copyright in
the United States for such unpublished works as are pro-
tected by copyright must file a claim for registration, to-
gether with a copy of the work or an identifying reproduc-
tion of it if it be a work of art, and must also pay a fee for
each registration made.
Published -works: In the case of published works the inequality is still more
American authors . . , .
marked. An American author can secure copynght in
Great Britain by simply placing his work on sale there
simultaneously with, or within 14 days after, publication of
the work in the United States. There is no obligation to
manufacture the work abroad, or to register it, or to insert
any notice of copyright in it. In the case of a book it is
not required that it be printed or bound in Great Britain;
copies of the American edition can be sold there without
restriction. The only absolute obligation upon the Ameri-
can author (imposed upon the British author as well) is the
deposit of one copy of the author's book in the British
Museum. In addition, if a written demand for any specific
book is made within one year after its publication by any
one or more of five other great British libraries, such book
must also be delivered for the use of the library.
Published works.- Our copyright laws require of the British author that one
British authors in /< 1 / -HIT _c i \i
the united states, copy of his work (since Mar. 28, 1914, formerly two) Le
deposited for registration; the manufacture in the United
States of lithographs and photo-engravings, and, in the
case of books, that they be printed in the United States
from type set within the United States, and also that an
affidavit of such American typesetting be filed. The
United States notice of copyright must appear in all copies
sold or distributed in the United States, and copies of the
Register of Copyrights 171
original authorized edition of the English author's book are
prohibited importation for sale, except under special
The' result has been that only a small proportion of the Failure to seme
r r . L ntted States pro-
books published from year to year in Great Britain have fec.^-
been republished and copyrighted in the United States. An
1 SEC. 31. That during the existence of the American copyright in any book the impor- Prohibition of
tation into the United States of any piratical copies thereof or of any copies thereof importation
(although authorized by the author or proprietor) which have not been produced in
accordance with the manufacturing provisions specified in section fifteen of this act,
or any plates of the same not made from type set within the limits of the United States,
or any copies thereof produced by lithographic or photo-engraving process not performed
within the limits of the United States, in accordance with the provisions of section
fifteen of this act shall be, and is hereby, prohibited: Provided, however. That, except as
regards piratical copies, such prohibition shall not apply:
(a) To works in raised characters for the use of the blind;
(6) To a foreign newspaper or magazine, although containing matter copyrighted in
the United States printed or reprinted by authority of the copyright proprietor, unless
such newspaper or magazine contains also copyright matter printed or reprinted without
(c) To the authorized edition of a book in a foreign language or languages, of which
only a translation into English has been copyrighted in this country;
(d) To any book published abroad with the authorization of the author or copyright
proprietor when imported under the circumstances stated in one of the four subdivi-
sions following, that is to say:
First. When imported, not more than one copy at one time, for individual use and not
for sale; but such privilege of importation shall not extend to a foreign reprint of a book
by an American author copyrighted in the United States;
Second. When imported by the authority or for the use of the United States;
Third. When imported, for use and not for sale, not more than one copy of any such
book in any one invoice, in good faith, by or for any society or institution incorporated
for educational, literary, philosophical, scientific, or religious purposes, or for the en-
couragement of the fine arts, or for any college, academy, school, or seminary of learning,
or for any State, school, college, university, or free public library in the United States;
Fourth. When such books form parts of libraries or collections purchased en bloc for
the use of societies, institutions, or libraries designated hi the foregoing paragraph, or
form parts of the libraries of personal baggage belonging to persons or families arriving
from foreign countries and are not intended for sale: Provided, That copies imported
as above may not lawfully be used in any way to violate the rights of the proprietor
of the American copyright or annul or limit the copyright protection secured by this act,
and such unlawful use shall be deemed an infringement of the copyright.
SEC. 32. That any and all articles prohibited importation by this act which are brought
into the United States from any foreign country (except in the mails) shall be seized
and forfeited by like proceedings as those provided by law for the seizure and condem-
nation of property imported into the United States in violation of the customs revenue
laws. Such articles when forfeited shall be destroyed hi such manner as the Secretary
of the Treasury or the court, as the case may be, shall direct: Provided, however. That
all copies of authorized editions of copyright books imported hi the mails or otherwise
in violation of the provisions of this act may be exported and returned to the country
of export whenever it is shown to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Treasury, hi a
written application, that such importation does not involve willful negligence or fraud.
SEC. 33. That the Secretary of the Treasury and the Postmaster General are hereby
empowered and required to make and enforce such joint rules and regulations as shall
prevent the importation into the United States hi the mails of articles prohibited impor-
tation by this act, and may require notice to be given to the Treasury' Department or
Post Office Department, as the case may be, by copyright proprietors or injured parties
of the actual or contemplated importation of articles prohibited importation by this act,
and which infringe the rights of such copyright proprietors or injured parties.
1 72 Report of the Librarian of Congress
examination of the "English Catalogue," which records
yearly the titles of the books published in Great Britain,
with the recorded entries in our Copyright Office goes to
show that less than one-tenth of the books produced in
England have been republished in the United States and
thus made available for American readers and students, and
that the republication which has taken place has been mainly
of popular works, such as novels, etc.
te^ n r afoquau: With a view to facilitate compliance with its typesetting
stipulations, the act of March 4, 1909, provides that upon
the deposit and registration in the Copyright Office of a
copy of an English book, not later than 30 days after its
publication in England, an ad interim protection for 30
days may be secured, and if an American edition of the
book (type set in the United States) is published during these
last 30 days, the copyright is extended to 28 years. During
. the eight years or more since the act of 1909 went into effect
some 3,000 ad interim registrations have been made, or for
about 300 different books each year. While these 3o-day
ad interim provisions may be advantageous and sufficient
in the case of a few well-known authors having established
relations with American publishers who are accustomed to re-
publish English books, they are of little or no value to the
new, unknown, or little-known English author who can not
hold back the date of publication of his book in London,
and who fails to secure promptly a publisher in the United
States. The Copyright Office records clearly demonstrate
that both 30-day terms are too short to be really helpful.
Failure to secure In about 5 per cent of the applications received there has
been failure to make deposit within the prescribed 30 days
after first publication; and of the English books actually
Failure to re- registered for ad interim protection hardly more than one-
' third have been finally republished in the United States.
A certain proportion of the books which were reprinted,
moreover, have not been published in the United States
within the 30 days of the ad interim term and therefore have
not fully complied with the law's requirement. It is to be
observed that in all cases where the ad interim registration
is followed by an American edition, two registrations must
be made, two fees paid, and three copies, in all, of each book
must be deposited.
Register of Copyrights 173
These special requirements of our copyright act
of copyright notice, deposit of copies, and registration are
generally absent from foreign copyright legislation, being
either not required at all, or only in part; but never as a
condition precedent to the securing of copyright. They
actually result, therefore, in barring foreign authors from
securing copyright in the United States for the greater
number of their literary productions. 1
The foreign countries with which we have established
copyright relations may be divided into three groups to
indicate the different character of the protection secured
and the practical variances upon which it is based. With
the Central and South American States which have ratified
the treaty of 1910, we have an agreement that the acknowl-
edgment of copyright in a work by a citizen of any one
country and its publication in that country with a notice of
copyright shall secure its protection in all of the other signa-
tory countries without further conditions or formalities.
With the continental countries of Europe the protection
secured in the United States by presidential proclamation
depends upon the obligatory deposit of copies and com-
pulsory registration, while in the case of Great Britain and
the British self-governing dominions the protection secur-
able in the United States is greatly circumscribed by the
stringent conditions imposed which are often very difficult
to comply with.
The above summarv of our established international Amendment re-
copyright relations indicates the need for amendment.
Literary and artistic property protection in this country
should be uniform and equal, with no differences or dis-
tinctions based upon the nationality of the author, and
should be free from inequality in the conditions or formalities
imposed upon the author or his publisher.
The leading European countries, including all the
countries with which we have copyright relations, except
Austria-Hungary, have joined in forming the International
Copyright Union, based upon the conventions of Berne (i 886) ,
Paris (1896), and Berlin (1908). In the protection accorded
1 The " Bibliographic de la France" lists more than 5,000 books as published in France
during the year 1916. Our "Catalogue of Copyright Entries" for books contains the
titles of only 184 French works during the year 1916.
1 74 Report of the Librarian of Congress
to the authors benefited by membership in this very prac-
tical and effective Union is seen the high-water mark of
international literary-property protection. The authors of
each country of the Union are guaranteed security for their
works, by the terms of the convention creating the Union,
in all the other countries of the Union without conditions or
formalities of any kind. It has long been the desire of
American authors to secure to themselves this literary world-
citizenship by the entrance of the United States into the
International Copyright Union, so that every citizen of the
United States upon the publication of his work in his own
country should thereby be assured of his complete control
of it of its republication, translation, dramatization, or
other legitimate use in all the other great countries of the
world. This step forward probably can not be taken with-
out antecedent copyright legislation by Congress to prepare
wo n l en p?sibie tht way. Meantime, in the convention of 1910 between the
1 . United States and Latin- American countries an attempt was
made to secure effective international protection for intel-
lectual productions free from troublesome conditions and
formalities, and that treaty might possibly serve as a model
for a similar convention between the United States and our
allies, France, Belgium, and Italy, as well as other European
Amendment of The present most urgent need is some remedy for the
copyright relations J
with Great Britain se rious defects in our copy right relations with Great Britain.
What should be accomplished is complete security, not only
in Great Britain and the United States, but in all the British
self-governing dominions as well, for all literary and artistic
works by the authors of each of these countries, no matter
in which country their works shall have been first produced.
In view of the new and important relations now estab-
lished between the United States and Great Britain, the time
is opportune for bringing about a more friendly and effect-
ual union of all the English-speaking peoples of the world
on a basis of mutual trust and equal consideration. Much
might be achieved in this direction if a formal agreement
could be entered into by the respective governments for the
reciprocal security of literary and artistic productions based
upon a broad and liberal treatment of the various questions
Register of Copyrights 1 75
involved. Such a convention or treaty for the protection
of intellectual property might go far toward cementing rela-
tions of inestimable and permanent value.
Register of Copyrights
Librarian of Congress
I 7 6
Report of the Librarian of Congress
EXHIBIT A Statement of gross receipts, refunds, net receipts, and fees
applied for fiscal year ending June 30,
8, 583. 41
8, 800. 50
1 86. 20
g, gg^. 41
Balance brought forward from June 30, 1916 $9, 222. 53
Net receipts July i, 1916, to June 30, 1917:
Gross receipts $113,808. 51
L,ess amount refunded 2, 578. 31
Total to be accounted for 120,452. 73
Copyright fees applied July i, 1916, to June 30, 1917 110,077.40
Balance carried forward to July i, 1917:
Trnst funds 8, 188. 70
Unfinished business 2, 186. 63
Register of Copyrights
EXHIBIT B. Statement of fees paid into Treasury
Apr. 23 ....
It 290- 30
July 6. . .
1 78 Report of the Librarian of Congress
EXHIBIT C Record of applied fees
c : S
.a M -
l_ M U
$6t 382. oo
$6, 698. 50
10, 317. oo
io 605. oo
8, 199- oo
8, 515. oo
8, 588. oo
8, 946. 50
8, 068. oo
8, 347- oo
8, 519* oo
8, 874. 50
9, 879. oo
7 , 960. oo
8, 394. oo
9. 313- oo
9, 713- oo
8, 583. oo
8, 825. oo
8. 494- oo
8, 841. oo
8, 924. oo
9, 194- 50
3, no. oo
1 6. 50
10, 743. 75
September. . .
9, 290. 30
November. . .
December . . .
9, 077. 30
10, 555- 95
February. . . .
1 06. oo
9, no. 45
Total . .
i , 469. oo
Register of Copyrights
EXHIBIT D Comparative monthly statement of gross cash receipts, applied
fees, number of registrations, daily averages, etc.
Xumber of registrations and
ith last y
8. 583. 41
10. 743- 75
8* 100- 36
8. 659. 45
EXHIBIT E Statement of gross cash receipts, yearly fees, number of
registrations, etc., for 20 fiscal years
Xumber of Increase
64. 185. 65
58, 267. oo
69. 525. 25
63, 687. 50
68. 874. 50
80, 440. 56
78, 058- oo
85, 043- 03
83, 816. 75
1 20. 149. 51
NOTE. Detailed statement for 18 fiscal years, 1897-98, etc., to 1914-15, by months
may be found in Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for year 1914-15 (pp. 177-178!
Report of the Librarian of Congress for 1914-15).
Report of the Librarian of Congress
EXHIBIT F Table of registrations made during fiscal years 1911-12,
1912-13, 1913-14, 1914-15, 1915-16, and 1916-17, arranged by classes *
Class A. Books (including pamph-
lets, leaflets, and contri-
butions to periodicals):
(a) Printed in the United States
(6) Printed abroad in a foreign
(c) English books registered for
ad interim copyright
Class B. Periodicals (numbers)
Class C. Lectures, sermons, ad-
Class D. Dramatic or dramatico-
Class E. Musical compositions
Class F. Maps. . .
3 . 067
Class G. Works of art; models or de-
Class H. Reproductions of works of
Class I. Drawings or plastic works
of a scientific or technical
Class J . Photographs
Class K. Prints and pictorial illus-
Class M. Motion pictures not photo-
* For detailed statement of. registrations made for fiscal years from 1901 to 1910-11 see
Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for 1914-15.
Register of Copyrights 181
EXHIBIT G Table of articles deposited during 1914-15, 1915-16, and
(a) Printed in the United States:
PamphUts leaflpf"^ ptr
Contributions to newspapers and
(6) Printed abroad in a foreign language. .
English works registered for ad in-
3. Lectures, sermons, etc
4. Dramatic or drarnauco-musical composi-
5. Musical compositions
6. Maps . .
7. Works of art; models or designs
8. Reproductions of works of art
8a. Chromos and lithographs
9. Drawings or plastic works of a scientific
or technical character
it. Prints and pictorial illustrations
12. Motion-picture photoplays
13. Motion pictures not photoplays
14. Miscellaneous (unclassified articles)
15. Foreign books received under act of Mar.
Total . .
i SiR ^Ri
NOTE. For detailed statement of articles deposited during fiscal years 1897-8 to
1912-13 see Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for 1914-15.
NEW ZEALAND LIVERPOOL, GOVERNOR ORDER IN
At the Government Building at Wellington, this second day of Feb- ffev Zealand
Order in Council,
ruary, 1916 i 91 <j
Present: The Right Honorable W. F. Massey, P. C., presiding in council.
Whereas by section thirty-three of the Copyright Act, 1913 (herein-
after referred to as "the said Act"), the Governor may by Order in
Council direct that the said Act (except such of the provisions thereof,
if any, as may be specified in the Order) shall extend, inter alia
(a) to literarv, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, or anv class Subject matter of
thereof, the authors whereof were at the time of the making of the work
subjects or citizens of a foregin country to which the Order relates, in
like manner as if the authors were British subjects;
(b) in respect of residence in a foreign country to which the Order Residence
relates, in like manner as if such residence were residence in New
And whereas it is desirable to provide protection within New Zealand L "t'?. b . li c . sk *'*
r works o/L.S. citt-
for the unpublished works of citizens of the United States of America: zens
And whereas the Government of the L'nited States of America has
granted protection to works entitled to copyright under the provisions
of Part I of the said Act, or has undertaken to grant protection so far
as such protection does not already exist:
Now, therefore, His Excellency the Governor of the Dominion of
New Zealand, acting by and with the advice and consent of the Execu-
tive Council of the said Dominion, doth hereby direct that the said Act .v^-j- Zealand
(including the provisions as to the existing works) shall, subject to the c t>yrt ^ i aft - *9'3
provisions of the said Act and of this Order, apply
(a) to literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works the authors Subject matter of
whereof were at the time of the making of the works citizens of the "'PywU
United States of America, in like manner as if the authors had been
(b) in respect of residence in the United States of America, in like Residence
manner as if such residence had been residence in New Zealand :
(i) the term of copyright within New Zealand shall not exceed that Term of copy-
conferred by the law of the United States of America;
(ii) the enjoyment of the rights conferred by this Order shall be sub- Conditions and
ject to the accomplishment of the conditions and formalities prescribed
by the law of the United States of America;
(iii) in the application to existing works of the provisions of section Existing -works
thirty-two of the Copyright Act, 1913, the commencement of this Order
16341* 17 13 tg
184 Report of the Librarian of Congress
shall be substituted for the ist of July, 1913, in paragraph (b) of sub-
Effective Dec. i, This Order in Council shall come into operation on the first day of
December, one thousand nine hundred and sixteen.
J. F. ANDREWS
Clerk of the Executive Council
COPYRIGHT NEW ZEALAND
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
U. S. copyright Whereas it is provided by the Act of Congress of March 4, 1909,
Orfo/Mar "'' ir900 entitled "An Act to Amend and Consolidate the Acts Respecting
Copyright," that the provisions of said Act, "so far as they secure
copyright controlling the parts of instruments serving to reproduce
Sec. i (e). Me- mechanically the musical work, shall include only compositions pub-
rep"oducticT S ' Cal Hshed and copyrighted after this Act goes into effect, and shall not
include the works of a foreign author or composer unless the foreign
state or nation of which such author or composer is a citizen or sub-
ject grants, either by treaty, convention, agreement, or law, to citizens
of the United States similar rights ' ' ;
Sec. 8. Foreign And whereas it is further provided that the copyright secured by
a se'ure S p^ cti^ ay the Act sha11 extend to the work of an author or proprietor who is a
citizen or subject of a foreign state or nation, only upon certain con-
ditions set forth in section 8 of said Act, to wit:
Alien author (a) When an alien author or proprietor shall be domiciled within
domiciled in U. S. the Un ited States at the time of the first publication of his work; or
Countries grant- (b) When the foreign State or nation of which such author or pro-
rVAi/ CCi ^ rOCa 'p" etor * s a citizen or subject grants, either by treaty, convention,
agreement, or law, to citizens of the United States the benefit of copy-
right on substantially the same basis as to its own citizens, or copyright
protection substantially equal to the protection secured to such foreign
author under this Act or by treaty ; or when such foreign State or nation
International is a party to an international agreement which provides for reciprocity
in the granting of copyright, by the terms of which agreement the
United States may, at its pleasure, become a party thereto;
Proclamation of And whereas it is also provided by said section that " The existence
of the reciprocal conditions aforesaid shall be determined by the Presi-
dent of the United States, by proclamation made from time to time as
the purposes of this Act may require";
And whereas there has been received from the Government of Great
New Zealand Britain satisfactory official assurance that the Government of New
act, 1913 Zealand has issued an Order in Council, effective December i, 1916,
providing that the existing copyright law of that country, including
Register of Copyrights 185
the provisions as to existing works, shall, subject to the provisions of
the said law and of the said Order, apply
(a) To literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works the authors Subject matter cj
whereof were at the time of the making of the works citizens of the f i>yHl ' kt
United States of America, in like manner as if the authors had been
(6) In respect of residence in the United States of America, in like Residence
manner as if such residence had been residence in New Zealand.
(i) The term of copyright within New Zealand shall not exceed that Term of copy
conferred by the law of the United States of America:
(it) The eniovment of the rights conferred bv this Order shall be sub- F<*malMes and
ject to the accomplishment of the conditions and formalities prescribed
by the law of the United States of America:
(lit) In the application to existing works of the provisions of section Existing vorkt
32 of the Copyright Act, 1913, the commencement of this Order shall
be substituted for the ist July, 1913, in paragraph (6) of subsection (i).
Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson. President of the United States Proclamation
of America, do declare and proclaim that one of the alternative condi-
tions specified in sections i (e) and 8 (b) of the Act of March 4, 1909,
now exists and is fulfilled and since December i, 1916, has been ful-
filled in respect to the citizens of New Zealand, and that such citizens Effective Dec. i,
are entitled to all the benefits of section i (e) of the said Act, including * 9 ' 6
"copyright controlling the parts of instruments serving to reproduce
mechanically the musical work" in the case of all musical compositions
by composers of New Zealand which have been published since Decem-
ber i, 1916, and have been duly registered for copyright in the United
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the
seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the City of Washington this gib. day of February, in the year Date of proda-
of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventeen, and of the mation ' Feb - 9,
Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and
[SEAL.] WOODROW WILSON
By the President:
Secretary of State
MANUSCRIPTS AND BROADSIDES
I. GIFTS, 1916-17
From Samuel Hopkins Adams. New York:
Signals to and from the U. S. S. Lackauanna in Mobile Bay and
elsewhere during the Civil War. (2 pieces, in pencil \
From M. Catherine Allen, Mount Lebanon. X. Y.:
Shaker broadside, advertisement of fulling mill at South Union
Logan County, Ky.
From William Beer, Howard Memorial Library, New Orleans, La.:
Account of military proceedings from Dec. 23, 1814, to Jan. 18, 1815,
including the battle of New Orleans. Typewritten copy of a
contemporary ( ? ) account.
From W. K. Bixby, St. Louis, Mo.:
Typewritten copy of letter from the Secretary of State to Jonathan
Russell, 1811, Jan. 22, and copy of resolution and Act of Congress,
1811, Jan. 15, regarding Florida.
From Dr. Franklin R. Blake, Calipatria, Cal.:
Returns of detachments from the ist and 2d Vermont militia
regiments, 1812, July.
From George H. Calvert, Washington, D. C.:
Letters to Charles B. Calvert from James B. Clay, 1853, J^-I
Thomas H. Clay, 1853, Mar.; and Thomas Ritchie, 1853, Sept.
From George Cuthbert Carter, Leesburg, Va.:
Miscellaneous letters to "Councillor" Robert Carter, of Xomini
Hall, 1768-98 (20 pieces) and 7 note books of his religious
From Miss Eleanor S. Cohen, Baltimore, Md.:
Letter of Robert Fulton to Solomon Etting, 1814, Nov. (Deposit.)
From G. Cusachs, New Orleans, La. :
Miscellaneous currency notes issued by mercantile firms in New
Orleans in 1862 (9 pieces)
From Miss Harriet F. Donaldson, West River P. O., Anne Arundel
Orders of Admiral David G. Farragut for the blockade of the
Mississippi, 1862, April; for running the Mississippi forts below
New Orleans, 1862, April; for running the batteries at Yicksburg,
1862, June 25, and for the fleet formation for the battle of Mobile
Bay, 1864, August 4. Also Henry Hay wood Bell's report of
the action in running the forts below New Orleans, 1862, April;
Letter from the Secretary of the Navy congratulating Farragut
for the New Orleans victory, 1862, May; S. Phillips Lee's orders
to Capt. Edward Donaldson, 1862, May; Thomas J. Page 's address
to the officers of the U. S. S. Water Witch, 1853, April.
1 88 Report of the Librarian of Congress
From W. W. Gait and Hugh Blair Grigsby Gait, executors of Mary B.
Gait, Norfolk, Va.:
Docket of cases in the Lunenburgh Court, Virginia, 1763-4 (i vol.):
Hugh Blair Grigsby 's genealogical memoranda and notes, histor-
ical compositions, etc., on early United States history. (Deposit.)
From Miss Ada Gilman, Washington, D. C.:
Two theatrical playbills of the Boston Museum, 1869-71.
From Miss Annie Sheldon Grant, Providence, R. I.:
Note from George Bancroft to Miss Annie Sheldon Grant, 1889,
From Dr. Allan McLane Hamilton, Great Barrington, Mass.:
Two letters from Oliver Wolcott to his wife, 1804, July. (Photo.
From Oliver C. Hill, Waterbury, Conn.:
Broadside of a compendium of English grammar by William L.
From Miss Cordelia Jackson, Washington, D. C.:
Address of Samuel Chase to the voters of Anne Arundel county,
1786, October; Maryland Temperance Herald's appeal, 1849.
From Mrs. James M. Lawton, New York City:
Miscellaneous papers of Major Robert Anderson: Evolutions of
batteries, 1840; instructions for siege, garrison and sea-coast
artillery, 1843; letter-book, 1856-9, while acting as inspector of
iron at Trenton, N. J.; Col. Duncan Lamont Clinch's order and
letter books, Fort King, Fla., 1834-36 (3 vols.), also a list of
negroes and their value at his plantation near St. Mary 's, Georgia.
From W. H. Lowdermilk & Co., Washington, D. C.:
Miscellaneous papers of Peter Force, 1824-32 (25 pieces)
From Hon. George B. McClellan, Princeton, N. J.:
Additions to the papers of Gen. George B. McClellan.
From Charles F. Mclntosh, Norfolk, Va.:
Papers of John Loyall Saunders, 1844-47 ( x vol.)
From Douglas C. McMurtrie, New York:
Broadside of the last three paragraphs of President Wilson's war
message to Congress, [1917, April 2].
From W. L. Maury, Houston, Texas:
Letter from Matthew Fontaine Maury to John Minor Maury, 1867,
From Miss Margaret Miller, Princeton, N. J.:
Miscellaneous correspondence, note-books, etc., of the New Jersey
Colonization Society, 1852-1890 (9 vols. and 24 pieces)
From Hon. Duane Mowry, Milwaukee, Wis.:
Letters to James R. Doolittle from the Governor of Utah, 1865,
Dec.; John Pope, 1865, April, and Winfield S. Hancock, 1872,
Jan. (3 pieces).
From Northwestern University Library, Evanston, 111.:
Facsimile of the Declaration of Independence of Venezuela, 1811.
Manuscripts Gifts 1 89
From Francis H. Parsons, Washington, D. C. :
'Page from land record book of Charles City county, Va., 1700,
From P. Lee Phillips, Washington, D. C.:
Transcript of record in case of A. T. Stewart & Co. vs. Meyer
Sonneborn before the United States Supreme Court, 1876, Feb.
From Dr. William M. Polk, New York:
Military orders and letters to and from General Leonidas Polk,
1861-1864 (29 pieces.)
From Miss Sarah H. Porter, Washington, D. C.:
Facsimile of the Declaration of Independence  on parchment
from the original plate. Blank form, on parchment, of enrolled
act of the United States Congress.
From Lt. Col. Samuel Reber, Washington, D. C.:
Letter book record of semi-official letters of General William T.
Sherman, 1866-1881. 2 vols. (Deposit.) Memorandum on the
introduction of the telegraph into Japan by the Perry Expedi-
tion of 1854, by Lt. Col. Reber.
From Mrs. B. A. Reynolds, Vienna, Va.:
Writ to the sheriff of Greene County, State of Franklin, 1787, May.
From R. A. Rice, Washington, D. C.:
Venetian broadside "Modo dell' ellezione del serenissimo Prin-
cipe Di Venezia" [xvi century].
From Miss Isabel Rives, Washington, D. C.:
Letter from Henry A. Wise to John C. Rives, 1842, Feb.
From A. G. Robinson, Washington, D. C.:
Letter from General Leonard Wood to the Senate committee on
relations with Cuba, 1903, March. Carbon copy of typewritten
original, signed in ms. on each page by General Wood.
From William E. Safford, Washington, D. C.:
Historia de las islas Marianas by Felipe de La Corte y Ruano
Proceedings of the Washington Botanic Society, 1817-1826. i vol.
From Surgeon General's Office Library, Army Medical Museum, Wash-
ington, D. C.:
James Craik's account against George Steptoe and Lawrence
Washington for board, 1790, and James Craik & Son's account
against George Steptoe Washington for medicines. (Deposit.)
From the Survivors Association, 77th Regiment, New York Volun-
teers, Saratoga Springs, New York:
Annual reports of the Survivors Association, 1893-1007 (14 broad-
sides and newspaper reprints.)
From Hon. Oswald Tilghman, Easton, Md.:
Indenture of land transfer from the trustees of Charles Carroll,
of land in the proposed to\vn of Carrollsburg, Maryland, 1772,
May, to Thomas Ringgold, jr.
From War College Library, War Department, Washington, D. C.:
Treatise on military tactics or description of the Seven Years
War, by Henri Jomini, 1806. 4 vol. (Deposit.)
1 90 Report of the Librarian of Congress
From Miss Maud Washburn, Portland, Me.:
Miscellaneous letters to Israel Washburn, 1854-1885. (About 250
From H. T. Wickham, Richmond, Va.:
Miscellaneous letters and papers relating to John Taylor Letter
from Taylor to William Woodford, 1778, May; Taylor's bio-
graphical sketch of John Penn and Edmund Pendleton's bio-
graphical sketch of Taylor. (Typewritten copies.)
II. GENERAL LIST OF ACCESSIONS, 1916-17
Returns of detachments from the ist and 2d Vermont militia
regiments, 1812, July. (2 pieces.)
Receipt books of the Secretary of the Senate for pay and mileage
of Senators, 1814-1836. 15 vols.; blank form, parchment, of
Memorandum book of quarter-bill, crew stations, gun crews, etc.,
on the U. S. frigate United Stales ; Henry Haywood Bell's
report of the action in running the forts below New Orleans.
1862, April; S. Phillips Lee 's orders to Capt. Edward Donaldson,
1862 , May ; Thomas J. Page 's address to the officers of the U. S. S,
Water Witch, 1853, April; David G. Farragut's orders for the
blockade of the Mississippi, and for running the forts below
New Orleans, 1862, April; for running the batteries at Vicksburg,
1862, June 25, and for the fleet formation at the battle of Mobile
Bay, 1864, Aug.; signals from the flagship Hartford to the U. S.
S. Lackawanna and from the U. S. S. Brooklyn to the Lackawanna,
1864, Aug., in Mobile Bay.
Letter from the Secretary of the Navy congratulating Farragut
on his victory at New Orleans, 1862, May.
Jonathan Grant's bill of exchange on account of the Royal Artil-
lery, 1777, Dec.; Thomas Procter's account against the State of
Letter from the Secretary of State to Jonathan Russell, 1811, Jau.
22, and resolution and Act of Congress, 1811, Jan. 15, regarding
Florida. (Typewritten copies.)
Appropriations for the pay of the Army, 1812-17, i vol.; Reports
of the Comptroller of the Treasury on unsettled accounts, 1822-23
(printed tables with ms. corrections, 2 vols.).
War of 1812:
Battle of New Orleans, Account of the military proceedings from
Dec. 23, 1814, to Jan. 18, 1815. (Typewritten.)
Manuscripts A ccessions i Q i
Miscellaneous land deeds and transfers, 1781-1855 (n pieces).
Writ to the sheriff of Greene county of the State of Franklin,
Indenture of land transfer from the trustees of Charles Carroll to
Thomas Ringgold, jr., of a parcel of land in the proposed town
of Carrollsburg, 1772, May.
Sundry papers relating to the towns of Northampton, Hadley,
and others, from early colonial times down to 1820 (about 270
Minutes of proceedings of the Jersey City Atheneum, 1857-60, i
vol.; Muster rolls of Company K, 7th New Jersey Volunteers,
1862-4 (10 pieces).
Miscellaneous papers relating to Virginia during the colonial
period, 1695-1760, to the College of William and Mary, ecclesi-
astical affairs, etc. (about 350 piecesi; Paul Carrington's docket
of cases in the Lunenburgh court, 1763-4, i vol.; Sheriff's
account book of clerk and parish levies for Truro parish, 1797,
kept by William Millan, i vol.
Washington, D. C.:
Proceedings of the Washington Botanic Society, 1817-26, i vol.;
Two tickets of the Washington City Canal Lottery, signed by
Daniel Carroll, of Duddington; Tax lists of the ist and 2d
wards and the ist and 6ch wards, 1835, 2 vo ^ s -
Day books of a merchant of Goochland Courthouse, 1833-76, 3
Murdoch, James & Co. Journal of accounts kept at Pittsylvania
and Halifax counties, Virginia, 1773-75, J v l-
Woolman & Potts. Day book of grocery firm in Philadelphia,
1750-62 and continued from 1809 to 1824 by William Woolman
as a miscellaneous account book of surveys and legal expenses,
America, British Colonies in :
Letter book of the British Secretary of State for the Colonies of
his correspondence with the Governor of West Florida, 1770-74.
192 Report of the Librarian of Congress
America, Spanish Colonies in:
Historia de la Florida (Typewritten copy of Ms. 2999, Madrid,
Pulgar's Historia, etc., Chap. 7.) A continuation of the expedi-
tion to Florida after the death of Hernando De Soto by Luis
Moscoso de Alvarado, 7 pp.; Trial of Alvar Nunez Cabeza de
Vaca, accusations, arguments, etc. [1547?] (Copies made for
. Buckingham Smith?), 32 pp. In Spanish accompanied by map
of Texas, Mexico, Lower California, etc., showing de Vaca's
journey; Official civil dispatches from the Governors of Louisi-
ana to the Captain General of Cuba, 1766-91 (Photo, prints
of originals hi the Archives of the Indies, Seville, Spain. 2989
Miscellaneous correspondence, note books, etc., and minutes of
the proceedings of the New Jersey Colonization Society, 1852-
1890 (About 24 pieces, letters, etc., 1879-1892). 9 vols. -and 24
Miscellaneous private currency notes issued by mercantile firms
of New Orleans, Louisiana, as money in 1862. (9 pieces.)
Journals and Diaries:
Butler, Nathaniel, 1639-40. Recent copy from Sloane Ms. 758,
Claiborne, W. H. Diary ; 1864-5; a ^ so Common Place book,
Garrett, Henry A. Diary, 1861-7; also Common Place book, 1867.
Indians. Fragment of a diary of a captive among the New Eng-
land Indians, 1755-6.
Historia de las islas Marianas ,by Felipe de La Corte y Ruano
A treatise on military tactics or a description of the Seven Years
War, 1806, by Henri Jomini. 4 vols.
Fenno, John. 1775, April-August. (Photostat print from origi-
nal in the Massachusetts Historical Society.)
Abbott, Samuel. Letter book, 1862-77. i vol.
Anderson, Robert. Letter book, 1856-9, while acting as inspector of
iron at Trenton, N. J.; Evolutions of batteries, 1840, i vol.; In-
structions for siege, garrison, and sea-coast artillery, 1843, i vol.
Bancroft, George. Note to Miss Annie Sheldon Grant, 1889, March.
Bell, William H. Letter to Dr. Charles Allen, 1861, April.
Buchanan, James M. Letters from James Buchanan, J. C. Calhoun,
Francis Pickens, R. M. Saunders, Beverly Tucker, and others,
1844-73. (i i pieces.)
Manuscripts Accessions 193
Carter, Robert, "Councillor Carter of Nomini Hall." Letter books
and account books, 1759-1805, 16 vols.; Miscellaneous letters, 1768-
98 (20 pieces); note books of religious writings, 7 vols.
Claiborne, John Francis Hamtramck. Papers, 1818-85.
Claus, Daniel. Papers, 1716-1777. i vol. (Photostat prints.)
Clay, Henry. Letters to Nicholas Biddle, 1825, May and June; to
Mr. Cowperthwait, 1838, March, and to Masters Martin and H. C.
Duralde, his grandsons, 1836, Sep.
Clay, James B. Letter to Charles B. Calvert, 1853, Jan.
Clay. Thomas H. Letter to Charles B. Calvert, 1853. March.
Clinch, Duncan Lament. Order and letter books at Fort King, Fla.,
1834-36; list of negroes and their value at his plantation near St.
Craik, James and Son. Account against George Steptoe Washington
for medicines and an account of James Craik against George Steptoe
and Lawrence Washington for board, 1790, receipted to George
Crawford, Samuel W. Miscellaneous papers, 1861-92. (46 pieces.)
Crawford, William H. Letter to John Milledge, 1812, May: letters
from James Monroe, Jonathan Russell, Nathaniel Macon, Richard
Rush, Christopher Hughes, and others, 1813-30, one letter from
Crawford and Hughes' account of the Ghent treaty negotiations,
Aug., 1814. (35 pieces in all.)
Donelson, Andrew Jackson. Papers.
Doolittle, James R. Letters from Charles Durkee and others, 1865,
Dec.; Winfield S. Hancock, 1872, Jan.; John Pope, 1865, April.
Force, Peter. Miscellaneous papers, 1824-32. (25 pieces.)
Fulton, Robert. Letter to Solomon Etting, 1814, Nov.
Gayarre, Charles. Letter to Prof. Dimitry [n. d.]
Gibbes, Lewis R. Papers, 1793-1893, including also a small number of
papers of James Me Bride, 1808-17.
Grigsby, Hugh Blair. Genealogical memoranda, historical composi-
tion, notes, etc., on early United States' history. (About 100 pages.)
Jefferson, Thomas. Farm book. 1776-1822; Garden book, 1766-1824.
(Photostat prints of the original.)
Kerr, John Bozman. Memoir of Daniel Carroll of Rock Creek.
Loubies, Charles. Letter book, 1790-09. i vol.
McClellan, George B. Additions to the McClellan Papers. (5 pieces.)
Madison, Dorothy Payne. Album of visitor's cards.
Madison. James. Miscellaneous papers, 1787-1836. (About 43 pieces.
Marshall, John. Letter to Charles Lee, 1797, Nov.
Maury, Matthew Fontaine. Letter to John Minor Maury, 1867, July.
Mills, Robert. Miscellaneous letters and papers, 1808-54. (9 pieces.)
Morris, Robert. Miscellaneous papers. (About 180 pieces.)
Nicholas, Wilson Cary. Miscellaneous papers, 1763-1820.
Peabody, C. H. & Co. Letter book and journal of accounts, 1831-34,
194 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Poinsett, Joel R. Miscellaneous drafts and memoranda on South
American countries, journal of journey to Rio Janeiro and elsewhere,
the Buenos Ayres revolution, notes on Peru, Chile, etc., 1810-12
(7 pkgs.) Also memorandum book on the construction of the
Columbia and Saluda Canal and miscellaneous papers of the office of
the Board of Public Works of South Carolina while Poinsett was
president of the board, 1820-21.
Polk, Leonidas. Letters to and from, military orders, etc., 1861-64.
Pontcadeuc, Count Jean Florian Jolly de. Letters, 1801-17. (37
Reber, Samuel. Memorandum on the introduction of the telegraph
into Japan by the Perry expedition of 1854.
Ritchie, Thomas. Letter to Charles B. Calvert, 1853, Sep.
Saunders, John Loyall. Papers, 1844-47. (About 400 pieces.)
Sherman, William T. Semi-official letters sent, 1866-81. 2 vols.
Stewart, A. T., & Co. Transcript of record in case of A. T. Stewart &
Co. vs. Meyer Sonneborn before the U. S. Supreme Court, 1876, Feb.
Taylor, John. Miscellaneous papers; letter to William Woodford,
1778, May, biographical sketch of John Penn, of Virginia, and
Edmund Pendleton's biographical sketch of Taylor. (Typewritten
Taylor, William H. Letter to R. H. Anderson, 1864, June.
Thomson, Charles. Miscellaneous papers. (About 178 pieces.)
Thwoat, James, sr., and Mary Batt. Record of deed of land in Charles
City county, Virginia, to Matthew Sturtivant, 1700, June.
Trist, Nicholas P. Additional papers, 1810-67.
Washburn, Israel. Miscellaneous letters to, 1854-1885. (About 250
Washington, Bushrod. Letters from Lafayette, John Marshall, Richard
Peters, jr., and Smith Thompson, 1816-26. (10 pieces.)
Wise, Henry A. Letter to John C. Rives, 1842, Feb.
Wolcott, Oliver. Two letters to his wife, 1804, July. (Photo, copies.)
Wood, Leonard. Letter to the Senate Committee on relations with
Cuba, 1903, March. (Carbon of typewritten original, signed in ms.
by Wood on each page, 64 pp., incomplete.)
Woolman, Burr. Letter book of letters to and from Almy & Brown,
Circular letter urging attendance of delegates [n. d.J; Declaration
of Independence. (Facsimile on parchment.)
War posters, official bulletins, notices, etc. (About 100 pieces.)
Miscellaneous pieces, 1783-1798, Parliament act for preventing
vexatious suits for debts contracted in America previous to the
treaty of peace with the United States, 1787; Various forms,
blanks, etc., of the British prisoners of war book scheme, for sup-
plying books to British prisoners in Germany, 1917.
Manuscripts Accessions 195
"Senator Douglas's speech on the War," 1861, May.
" Modo dell' ellezione del serenissimo Principe Di Venezia"
A Shaker advertisement of a fulling mill, South Union, Logan
New Year Address of the Portland Transcript Carrier [n. d.].
Miscellaneous, 1781; Samuel Chase to the Voters of Anne Arundel
county, 1786, Oct.; Maryland Temperance Herald Appeal, 18.19.
Miscellaneous photostat prints of broadsides, 1693-1861 (52 pieces);
Colonial and Revolutionary proclamations, antislavery broad-
sides, etc., 1762-1852 (n piecesi; Miscellany, 1775-1826 (21
pieces i ; Newburyport, trading vessels to West Indies not to
be seized, 1794, April: Boston Anti-Slavery Fair ; Presi-
dential and statistical chart.
New Hampshire :
Portsmouth, City Council, joint resolution on death of Abraham
Lincoln, 1865, Apr.
Funeral anthem for Samuel Cooper, 1784, Jan.; Protest of the
Legislature, 1812, March; Union College, Philomathean anni-
versary, 1815, Dec.; Ode for Erie Canal celebration, 1825, Nov.;
Annual reports of the Survivors Association, 77th Regiment
New York Volunteers, 1893-1907 (14 pieces); last three para-
graphs of President Wilson's war message to Congress [1917,
Philadelphia, late and highly important intelligence from France
, Apr.; Thomas H. Benton's correspondence with the com-
mittee of invitation to a public dinner in Philadelphia. 1835,
Nov. ; Compendium of English grammar and miscellaneous broad-
Chap ballads of Ralph Hodgson (7 pieces).
Bolivian broadsides, 1841-76 (About 69 pieces).
Venezuela, Declaration of Independence, 1811, July (Facsimile).
Miscellaneous broadsides, 1783.
Theatrical play bills:
Two programs of the Boston Museum, 1869-71.
Miscellaneous antislavery, Civil War, political and other broad-
sides (88 pieces).
Report of the Librarian of Congress
To the members of the general council of the Protestant Episcopal
Church South [1865, Sept.?].
Haytien-Union Methodist Aid Society and miscellaneous broad-
III. LIST OF TRANSCRIPTS FROM MANUSCRIPTS
IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM: THE PUBLIC RECORD
OFFICE: FULHAM PALACE LIBRARY: AND THE
LIBRARY OF THE SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGA-
TION OF THE GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS
Selections from the following volumes:
Newcastle Papers: Official correspondence of Thomas Pelham
Holies, Duke of Newcastle.
32758 Vol. LXXIII. Sept.-2i Oct., 1728.
32759 Vol. LXXIV. 22 Oct.-Dec., 1728.
Vol. CCLXXXIX. 15 Feb.-2o Apr., 1766.
Vol. CCXC. 21 Apr.-June, 1766.
Vol. CCXCI. July-Aug., 1766.
CCXCII. Sept.-2o Nov., 1766.
21 Nov. -Dec., 1766.
Feb. -Mar., 1767.
Apr.-i5 May, 1767.
1 6 May- June, 1767.
CCXC VI I.
Vol. CCXCVIII. i-2i July, 1767.
Vol. CCXCIX. 22 July-Aug., 1767.
Vol. CCC. Sept.-i4 Oct., 1767.
Vol. CCCI. 15 Oct.-i4 Nov., 1767.
Vol. CCCII. 16 Nov.-Dec., 1767.
[32988 and 32989: no American material found.]
32990 Vol. CCCV. May-ig Aug., 1768.
Vol. CCCVI. 20 Aug.-24 Nov., 1768.
Vol. CCCVII. Undated.
(Papers relating to personal matters, the greater num-
ber being petitions and memorials which passed
through the hands of the Duke of Newcastle; 1603-
1814. Four Volumes.)
Vol. II (CCCLXX). 1752-1761.
Vol. Ill (CCCLXXI). 1762-1814.
Vol. IV (CCCLXXII). Undated.
Manuscripts List of Transcripts 197
PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE:
Colonial Office, Class 5:
Vol. 1316, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 13]
Volume lettered: O 1-178. Years 1708-1715. [Let-
ters and enclosures to the Lords Commissioners for
Trade and Plantations from Governor Alexander
Spotswood and others ; including Orders in Council ,
Minutes of Council, Indian treaties, reports on quit
rents and the tobacco trade, etc.]
Vol. 1317, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 14]
Volume lettered: P 1-103. Years 1715-1717. [Con-
tents similar to Vol. 1316]
Vol. 1319, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 16]
Volume lettered: Virginia, Bundle Q. No. i-No. 94.
Years 1720-1726. [Letters and enclosures to the
Lords Commissioners from Governors Alexander
Spotswood and Hugh Drysdale, and others: includ-
ing lists of land grants, accounts of quit rents,
papers relating to the controversy between Drysdale
and Spotswood over land grants, etc.]
Vol. 1320 [old Board of Trade, Virginia. 17]
Volume lettered: R 1-60. Years 1726-1727. [Let-
ters and enclosures to the Lords Commissioners
from Governor Drysdale and others; including
accounts of stores, quit rents and revenue from
tobacco tax, list of civil officers in Virginia, 1726,
lists of ships importing slaves, papers relating to
Col. Spotswood 's lands in Virginia and his con-
troversy with Governor Drysdale, etc.]
Vol. 1321, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 18]
Volume lettered: Virginia, Bundle R, Nos. 61-118
inclusive. Years 1727-1729. [Letters and en-
closures to the Lords Commissioners from Governor
William Gooch and others; including the journal
of the proceedings of the Surveyors for determining
the bounds between Virginia and Carolina, ac-
counts of quit rents, etc.]
Vol. 1322 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 19]
Volume lettered: Virginia, Bundle R, Nos. 119-178.
Years 1729-1732. [Letters and enclosures to the
Lords Commissioners from Governor William Gooch
and others; including the journal of the Commis-
sioners for settling the bounds between Virginia
and Carolina, list of civil officers in Virginia, 1729,
including President and professors of the College of
William and Mar)-, and an account of disbursements
for the journey of Governor Spotswood and Commis-
sioners to New York for the Albany Treaty of 1722]
198 Report of the Librarian of Congress
PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE Continued.
Colonial Office, Class 5 Continued.
Vol. 1323, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 20]
Volume lettered: Bundle S, 1-56. Years 1732-1735,
and one document dated 1724. [Letters and enclo-
sures to the Lords Commissioners from Governor
William Gooch and others; including Orders in
Council, Proclamations by Governor Gooch,
accounts of revenue from tobacco tax and quit rents,
Acts of Assembly and reports of Francis Fane
Vol. 1324, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 21]
Volume lettered: T, Nos. 1-61. Years 1736-1740.
[Contents similar to those of Volume 1323, but in-
cludes also Lord Fairfax's commissions to Com-
missioners for determining boundaries of his land,
and various grants, deeds, depositions, etc., con-
nected with the case.]
Vol. 1325, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 22]
Volume lettered: Virginia, Bundle V, Nos. 1-35.
Years 1740-1743. [Contents similar to those of
Volume 1323, but includes also documents relating
to Indian affairs, and letters and petitions from
Robert Dinwiddie, Surveyor General of Customs in
the Southern District.]
Vol. 1326, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 23]
Years 1743-1747. [Contents similar to those of
Volume 1323, but includes also the account of the
Commissioners for running the boundary of Lord
Fairfax 's grant . 1747.]
Vol. 1327, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 24]
Volume lettered : W, 1-121. Years 1748-1753. [Let-
ters and enclosures to the Lords Commissioners from
Governors William Gooch, Thomas Lee, Lewis
Burwell, and Robert Dinwiddie, including Orders
in Council, Acts of Assembly and Sir Mathew
Lamb's reports on them, accounts of revenue from
tobacco tax and quit rents, and documents relating
to Indian affairs and the boundaries of Virginia.]
Vol. 1328, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 25]
Volume lettered: Virginia, Bundle W, Nos. 122-224.
Years 1753-1756, and one paper of December, 1751.
[Letters and enclosures to the Lords Commissioners
from Governor Dinwiddie, including Orders in
Council, Acts of Assembly and Sir Mathew Lamb's
reports, accounts of revenue from tobacco tax and
quit rents, petition of the Ohio Company, and
documents relating to Indian affairs.]
Manuscripts List of Transcripts 199
PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE Continued.
Colonial Office. Class 5 Continued.
Vol. 1329, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 26]
Volume lettered: Virginia, Bundle X, 1-107. Years
1756-1760. [Letters and enclosures to the Lords
Commissioners from Governors Robert Dinwiddie
and Francis Fauquier, including Acts of Assembly
and Sir Mathew Lamb's reports, accounts of rev-
enue from tobacco tax and quit rents, and docu-
ments relating to Indian affairs.]
Vol. 1341. Bundles of loose papers. Items from old A. W. I.
640, 641, 642. Years 1706-1714. [Miscellaneous
papers and letters.]
Vol. 1342, Loose papers. Items from old A. W. I. 643.
Years 1715-1717. [Miscellaneous.]
Vol. 1343, Loose papers. Items from old A. W. I. 647.
Years 1723-1725. [Only n pages copied; lettersand
proclamations of Governor Hugh Drysdale.]
Vol. 1344, [old A. W. I. 646-666, 667 and 682]
Years 1726-1780. [Miscellaneous.]
Vol. 1353. [old A. W. I. 213] Years 1774-1777.
[Letters from Lord Dunmore to the Secretary of State,
Vol. 1366, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 44]
Volume lettered: H. Years 1728-1752.
[Entry book of the Board of Trade. Chiefly letters
from the Lords Commissioners, from Alured Popple
and Thomas Hill to officials in Virginia. Includes
numerous lists of Acts.]
Vol. 1367, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 45]
[Entry book of the Board of Trade. Contains letters
to Lt. Gov. Dinwiddie and Lt. Gov. Fauquier, to
the King and the Secretary of State, and to the
Council for Plantation affairs; and a long paper of
instructions to John, Earl of Loudoun, Governor of
Virginia, 1756, or in his absence to the Lieutenant
Governor or Commander in Chief in Virginia.]
Vol. 1368, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 46]
[Entry book of the Board of Trade. Letters and
instructions to Governors.]
Vol. 1369, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 47]
[Entry book of the Board of Trade. Letters and In-
structions to Governors.]
16341 17 14
2OO Report of the Librarian of Congress
PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE Continued.
Colonial Office, Class 5 Continued.
Vol. 1374, [old A. W. I. 324] Year 1767. Entry book.
[Only one paper is here copied, the rest having
already been transcribed from the originals in other
volumes. The paper copied is a letter from Lord
Shelburne to the Lieut. Gov. of Virginia, transmit-
ting Orders in Council.]
Vol. 1375, [old A. W.I. 443]
Volume lettered: A, Virginia. Years 1768-1776.
[Entry book of the Board of Trade. Only those items
are here copied which have not been transcribed
from the original papers.]
FULHAM PALACE MANUSCRIPTS:
Archives of the Bishop of London.
[Chiefly letters to the Bishop of London, from clergymen and
leading members of the Church of England in the colonies,
together with memorials, petitions, and miscellaneous
papers, treating of the affairs of the Society for the Propa-
gation of the Gospel and the Church in America. The docu-
ments in each box are numbered, but not in chronological
Canada and Newfoundland. 1699-1827. [Only Newfoundland,
Nova Scotia, etc., transcribed, excepting one or two early Cana-
dian papers. There is a list of the papers in the front of the
Bahama Islands. 1721-1802. [List of documents in front of
Barbadoes. 1686-1829. [List of documents in front of volume.]
Bermuda. 1695-1806. [List of documents in front of volume.]
Jamaica. 1709-1806. [List of documents in front of volume.]
SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS:
Series B. Vol. I.
Volume lettered: Letters received (Originals). New York.
New England. 1702-1799. (1788 is, however, the latest
Series B. Vol. II. New York, 1759-1782.
[List of writers of letters in front of volume.]
THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE LIBRARY
BUILDING AND GROUNDS
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Washington, D. C., December j, 1917
SIR: The operations of this office during the fiscal year
1917, covering the usual routine, comprised the custody,
care, and maintenance of the Library Building and Grounds
(including the operation and repair of the mechanical
plant), the construction, purchase, and repair of library
equipment, and the disbursement of the appropriations for
this office, for the Library of Congress, for the United States
Botanic Garden, and others coming under the control of
the Joint Committee on the Library.
The operations are shown in the following tables:
FUEL, LIGHTS, REPAIRS, AXD MISCELLANEOUS SUPPLIES
Watch and housekeeping department :
Ice (470.40x3 pounds) $i, 275. 29
Painting in and about the building (labor). . i, 196. 51
Painting (materials) 201.17
Repairs (floors, windows, etc. ) 470. 98
Washing towels 173-86
Dry goods (cleaning cloths, etc) 142. 83
Soap powders 187. 51
Soaps 400. 62
Paper towels 877. 50
Housekeeping (brooms, buckets, brushes,
etc. ) 458. 04
Toilet supplies 240. 34
Miscellaneous supplies 243. 27
Exterminating rats 212. 50
Watchmen 's time recorder 544. 39
Gas range 326. 50
Revolvers and cartridges 98. 74
$7, 095. 05
2O2 Superintendent of Building and Grounds
Engineer department :
Mail and delivery service upkeep and repair
of motor vehicles $632. 25
Hardware and tools 169. 93
Repairs 2 14. 65
Plumbing supplies 265. 68
Removing refuse 176. 40
Oils 42. 66
Gas 25. 90
Miscellaneous supplies 121. 92
Pneumatic tube equipment : . . 973. 30
Air compressor 145. oo
Irrigating system for courtyards. 239. 22
Gasoline pump 160. 49
Elevator cable 346. 99
Granolithic floor for automobile shed 303. 75
- $3,818. 14
Lamps S I 5-7
Miscellaneous supplies (condulets, holders,
shades, fixtures, wire, conduit, tape, etc.). 332. 18
Tools 2. 25
Repairs to electrical equipment 151. 97
Intercommunicating telephones 320. 31
Electric motor 325. oo
General telephone service of Library (i cen-
tral station, 86 substations, and 7 trunk
lines) i, 150. 42
Stationery 167. 41
Car tickets 10. oo
Express and freight charges 2. 49
Telegrams 2. 57
Directory 7. 50
Photograph 3. oo
Drawing 30. oo
Postage stamps 1 5. oo
Total expended 13, 948. 36
Balance (including $8.68 refunded
by contractors) 60. 32
14, 008. 68
WATER-PROOFING PARTS OK EAST DRIVEWAY AND OVER MACHINERY
Expended $4, ooo. oo
Appropriation % , . . 4, ooo. oo
Superintendent of Building and Grounds 203
REPAIRS AND PAINTING OF ROOF
Expended $i, 999. 50
Unexpended balance .50
Appropriation 2, ooo. oo
RESURFACING WEST DRIVEWAY AND REPAIRS TO STONE CURB IN LIBRARY
Expended $2, 620. 28
Unexpended balance i, 379. 72
Appropriation : 4, ooo. oo
REFITTING OF BOILER ROOM AND COAL VAULTS
Expended $i, 024. 77
Unexpended balance i, 475. 23
Appropriation 2, 500. oo
Special adding and subtracting machine (for
Card Division) $584. 50
New machines (12) 620. 40
Repairs and parts 198. 85
! 403- 75
Desk fans 135. 10
Repairing and fitting miscellaneous furniture (including
labor and materials ) 487. 86
Book trucks 22. 50
Miscellaneous furniture (including tables, desks, stands,
cases, hardware, etc.) i, 280. 30
Card catalogue cases i, 641. 29
Carpets and runners i, 043. 68
Express, freight, and drayage 10. 55
Partitions and screens 355. 32
Castors and fiber-tired wheels for book trucks 404. 98
Electric print drier 360. oo
Bronze gates for gallery 553. oo
Book supports 59 v oo
Exhibition cases i, 140. oo
Mimeograph for Bibliographic Division 181. oo
Awnings 22. oo
Water coolers 257. 04
Drawings 90. oo
Total expended 9, 983. 37
Unexpended 16. 63
Appropriation 10, ooo. oo
2O4 Superintendent of Building and Grounds
APPROPRIATIONS AND EXPENDITURES
The following table presents the several appropriations
disbursed during the fiscal year and the corresponding
appropriations for the preceding and succeeding years:
Object of appropriation
Library and Copyright Office:
Special and temporary service
2 , OOO. OO
Increase of Library
Purchase of law books. .
Purchase of periodicals. .
3 , ooo. oo
3 , ooo. oo
5 , ooo. oo
e 3 , ooo. oo
e 5 . ooo. oo
3 , ooo. oo
5 , ooo. oo
Total, Library and
Copyright Office. . .
550, 667. 90
562 , 404. oo
Library Building and Grounds:
Care and maintenance
Fuel, lights, etc
79, 645. oo
83, 245. oo
026, 508. 68
86. 005. oo
Fuel, lights, etc. (1917-18)
Total, Building and Grounds
116, 177. 87
682. 157. 68
Total, Botanic Garden
40, 703. oo
40, 453. 42
48, 140. oo
Repairs of paintings in theCapitol.
Marking historical places in the
District of Columbia
i , 500. oo
1 , 500. oo
1 , 500. oo
Removing Botanic Garden fence.
Bequest of Gertrude M. Hubbard
i 827. 65
Portrait of the late Chief Justice
"Including increase of $1,200.11 by sale of cards.
6 Including credits of $699.79 by sale of cards and $339.47 yet to be credited.
c Including increase of $1.30 by sale of photostat duplications; $5.85 for return of
photostat spools; $0.64 account of refund by defaulting contractor.
<* Including increase of $4.74 account of sale of photostat duplications.
* Including unfilled orders.
/ Any unexpended balance to be available for succeeding year.
S Including $4,000 for water-proofing east driveway; $2,000 for repairs to roof; $4,000
ior resurfacing west driveway; and $2,500 for refitting of boiler room and coal vaults.
Also, $8.68 account of refund by defaulting contractors.
A Including $1,075 f r nre hose; $2,300 for repair of elevators; $500 for painting roof;
and $2,000 for pointing exterior stone work.
Appropriation of previous year continued.
;' Including balance available from preceding year and additional appropriation of
* Consists of $1,400 additional for water-proofing east driveway; $8,500 for repairing
tunnel; $5,000 for circulating drinking water system.
Superintendent of Building and Grounds 205
Old mechanical equipment no longer needed at the
Library, comprising eight steam boilers with accessories
and connections, two steam pumps, four direct-connected
steam engines and generators, five boosters and five motor
starters, was advertised and sold to the highest bidder on
September 29, 1916.
Proceeds from the sale are accounted for as follows:
Price received as per contract $3, 458. oo
Advertising 30. 49
Deposited in the Treasury to the credit of
the United States $3, 427. 51
Withheld under income-tax law, on account of salaries paid
during the calendar year 1916, and remitted to collector
of internal revenue 25. oo
All known claims chargeable to the appropriations for
the fiscal year 1915 have been settled, including those
directly paid on auditor's certificates, and the unexpended
balances have been deposited to the credit of the surplus
fund of the Treasury as follows:
Salaries $i, 781. 83
Special and temporary service 80. 70
Contingent expenses 36-54
Increase of Library (purchase of law books). . i. 81
Si, 900. 88
Building and grounds:
Care and maintenance (salaries) 3, 971. 26
Fuel, lights, etc 43-49
Furniture 8. 71
4, 023. 46
Botanic Garden :
Improving Garden i. 75
Improving buildings 9. 71
Total 5, 936. 30
206 Superintendent of Building and Grounds
VISITORS TO THE LIBRARY
The count of visitors to and users of the Library during
the year was as follows:
9 a .m.
to 6 p. m.
6 p. m.
to 10 p. m.
July . .
November . .
38 68 1
January . .
L i "66
7Q. C2 CC
Tune . . .
Total number of visitors during year, 881,552.
Average, 362 days, 2,435.
The organization of the Office of Superintendent of the
Library Building and Grounds for the fiscal year 1917 was
as follows :
1 property clerk
2 telephone operators
i assistant messenger
4 assistant engineers
3 elevator conductors
9 skilled laborers
Superintendent of Building and Grounds 207
Superintendent Continued .
Captain of the watch
1 8 watchmen
4 check boys
2 attendants, ladies' room
i mistress of charwomen
i assistant mistress of charwomen
i foreman of laborers
1 skilled laborer
Total number of employees, 138.
The changes in the personnel of employees during the
fiscal year were as follows :
The marked increase in the work of the telephone service
calls for gradual addition to the equipment and involves
increase in the expense. The pressure on the operators has
been somewhat relieved by extending some of the inter-
communicating systems (not connected with the switch-
board), and the efficiency of the service has been increased
by the installation, in April, 1917, of a modern switchboard
in place of the out of date equipment.
208 Superintendent of Building and Grounds
The telephone connections with the switchboard on June
30 of each of the last five years are shown in the following
IQl6. . .
IQI7. . .
In 1913 there were six separate intercommunicating sys-
tems, with a total of 30 branches. At this date there are
nine such systems, with a total of 51 branches. The inter-
communicating telephones were purchased outright and are
kept in repair by the electrician.
Upon request, the telephone company considerably in-
creased the number of public telephone pay stations, locating
them at convenient places for employees and the public.
RESURFACING WEST DRIVEWAY
Under the appropriation of $4,000 for resurfacing the
west driveway, including repairs to the curbing, competi-
tive proposals on plans and specifications prepared by this
office resulted in the award of contract to The Cranford
Paving Co. of this city. The work was promptly com-
pleted as soon as the contractor was notified to proceed.
The cost of the work was $2,620.28, which includes a main-
tenance agreement for five years from November 27, 1916.
WATERPROOFING EAST DRIVEWAY
The entire driveway on the east side of the building over
large cellar spaces and over some of the machinery has been
thoroughly waterproofed. The large space underneath,
which formerly leaked badly and was quite unsanitary, is
now dry and available for appropriate use.
Superintendent of Building and Grounds 209
The cost of this work was $5,397.62, covered by appro-
priations for the fiscal years 1917 and 1918. The unit cost
was about 36 cents per square foot. The work included the
removal of the asphalt-block pavement, repairs and regrad-
ing of the concrete base, laying a waterproof sheet of asphal-
tic mastic 1 1 / 4 inches thick in two layers, a sand-and-cement -
grading bed, and relaying the asphalt-block pavement.
Plans and specifications were prepared by this office, com-
petitive proposals obtained, and the work was awarded to
The Cranford Paving Co. of this city.
CAPITOL BOOK-CARRIER TUNNEL
In the last annual report the serious condition of the Capi-
tol book-carrier tunnel was noted. The legislative act
approved March 3, 1917, provided an appropriation of $8,500,
immediately available, for the necessary repairs. Plans and
specifications had already been prepared for the work, so that
competitive proposals were at once obtained, a contract
signed March 16, and the work rushed to completion by
April 15. The mechanical force reinstalled the book-carrier
apparatus and put the carrier in operation a few days there-
A brief description of the work follows :
The old brick tunnel, 4 feet wide and 6 feet high inside,
which was badly cracked and had settled 2 feet over the
railway tunnel, was entirely removed for a distance of about
1 20 feet and replaced by a reinforced concrete tunnel section.
This section was supported by two large concrete piers or
columns, which were carried down to bear on the top of the
railway tunnel construction, the object being to prevent fu-
ture settlement of the book-carrier tunnel even should the
material over the railway tunnel continue to sink. In ex-
cavating the shafts for these piers the rotten timbers left in
place by the railway tunnel constructors were cut out, so
that the piers bear on the solid construction of the railway
tunnel. The piers being about 40 feet apart, while the sec-
2io Superintendent of Building and Grounds
tion supported is 1 20 feet long, the ends, each about 40 feet
long, projecting beyond the piers, were reinforced as cantile-
vers to support the tunnel to the firm, undisturbed ground
at the ends.
The cost of the work, including repairs to the carrier,
The need of a modern system for distribution of drinking
water in the building, expressed in the last annual report,
was promptly recognized by Congress, and an appropri-
ation, immediately available, of $5,000 in the legislative
act approved March 3, 1917, permitted the practical com-
pletion of such a plant in the early summer.
The plant comprises a motor-driven refrigerating machine
(ammonia compressor) of 8 tons refrigerating capacity,
the auxiliary ammonia condensers, 700 feet of i^ inch ex-
pansion coils for cooling the water in a i,2OO-gallon galvan-
ized-steel cooling tank, and a motor-driven water-circulating
pump. The distribution system comprises upward of
6,000 linear feet of various sized galvanized-steel supply
and circulating return lines, covered with thick cork insu-
lation, various types of fixtures, and the drainage lines
In the public corridors, main and periodical reading rooms,
and similar locations, vitreous ware pedestal drinking
fountains with specially designed combination bubblers
and tumbler fills were installed. For offices, shops, lava-
tories, etc., ordinary cold-water faucets, and in some cases
combination bubblers and tumbler fills are used.
The plant is capable of delivering 3,750 gallons of drink-
ing water at a temperature of 45 F. in a library day of
13 hours (9 a. m. to 10 p. m.).
The purchase of ice has now ceased, and the service of
two laborers (formerly required for distributing ice and
water to water coolers), has been saved. The plant is
Superintendent of Building and Grounds 211
practically automatic, and no increase in the mechanical
force is required.
The average annual cost of ice in the last few years has
The machinery, equipment, and material for the plant
were purchased so far as possible on competitive proposals
on specifications prepared in this office. Practically the
entire work of installation was done by the mechanical and
laboring forces of the building under the direction of the
present chief engineer, Mr. Charles E. Ray, who is an expert
I feel that it is proper to record herein the intelligent
interest and cheerful cooperation of the employees in doing
this work, entirely new to them, and in addition to their
routine duties. It was only possible by the voluntary
"speeding up" of all hands.
Statement of expenditures for drinking water system to
September 15, 1917:
Refrigerating machinery, tank, coils, etc., (contract) $i, 438. oo
Cork covering i, 106. 51
Fountains (20) (Two fountains yet to be purchased from
balance below ) 550. 58
Bubbler heads (21) 100. 25
Miscellaneous material 138. 24
Circulating pump 130. oo
Pipe fittings 97. 22
Valves 61. 26
Ammonia 68. 15
Cocks and faucets 59-88
Leather belting 51. 61
Electrical material 45- 01
Pipe hangers 39. n
Hair felt pipe covering 28. 05
Thermometers 24. 50
Regulator (water pressure) 15. 75
Tanks at top of supply lines 14. 20
Express 2. 04
Pipe, 6,208 feet (miscellaneous sizes: W to 2" diameter). . 384. 89
Expended 4} 454 . 25
Balance 545- 75
5, ooo. oo
212 Superintendent of Building and Grounds
THE WEST COURTS
It having been difficult to keep the grass in the courts in
proper condition, owing to the thin topping of good soil on
the hard gravel subsoil, the surface of the two west courts
was regraded, good soil added, and the courts reseeded
with good result. Taking advantage of the regrading, dis-
tribution pipes with sprinkler heads were installed by the
mechanical force at an expense for material of $239.22.
This little irrigation system has been found to be quite a
The fountain on the west front of the building, popularly
known as "Neptune's Fountain," leaked badly for a long
time, probably on account of settlements due to the prox-
imity of the railway tunnel, and some of the leakage pene-
trated the Capitol book carrier tunnel which passes directly
under the fountain. The basin of the fountain was water-
proofed in an inexpensive manner and most of the leakage
In order to improve the appearance of the fountain two
home made jets to spray the central figure were added and
a few water plants and fish placed in the basin.
The condition of the copper roof covering gives concern,
as there is still a large area of perforated and constantly
deteriorating copper, but the recent appropriations of small
amounts annually have permitted such repairs that a marked
improvement as to leaking is now noted. The appropri-
ation of $2,000 for the fiscal year was expended in purchase
of sheet copper and replacing the worst sections.
UTILIZING FORMER ENGINE ROOM
Upon the sale and removal of the old steam engines in
November, 1916, it was possible to rearrange the northeast
Superintendent of Building and Grounds 213
section of the cellar to advantage and extend the space
needed for library use.
The former engine room was subdivided to provide a
joint office for the chief engineer and the electrician, a
small shop for electrical repair work, a store room for
electrical and mechanical fittings, fans, lamps, etc., and a
locker and wash room for the mechanical force. This per-
mitted the assignment of considerable space in the north-
east section to the branch printing office and bindery,
formerly occupied by the mechanical force.
As usual a wide range of minor but important mechanical
repairs added to the larger items heretofore mentioned,
kept the force fully occupied. Some of these were: The
overhauling of the pneumatic-tube system of the main
reading room and book stacks, including the installation
of new, noiseless terminal valves at a cost of 5973.30 for
material; overhauling elevators and putting in new cables
where required; installing a modern gasoline storage tank
and pump to obviate storage of gasoline in the cellar as
heretofore customary; installing a new watchmen's time
recorder in place of the former worn out equipment; a new
gas range for the cafe, the old one after many years' serv-
ice having become unusable.
A program of interior painting was carried out as usual,
but it is impossible with the single painter to keep up as well
as would be desirable in this respect.
PROPOSED BOOKSTACK IN NORTHEAST COURT
The growth of the Library collections is such that before
additional accommodations can be provided the need there-
for will have become acute. Consideration must therefore
be given at once to this problem.
When the stack in the southeast court was authorized in
1908, the collections were overflowing into the cellar, which
214 Superintendent of Building and Grounds
is entirely unsuited for such storage. A similar condition of
congestion in the 'book spaces of the building is again in
evidence and must be met.
As then, the only available space for erection of adequate
shelving within the lines of the building is in one of the
courts. Granting some minor objections to such use of a
court, the great advantages of convenience and economy of
construction (no new walls being required), and also perma-
nent administrative and maintenance economy appear to
make this the logical solution.
The full consideration given to the question of occupying
a court in this manner, the description and illustration of
the stack proposed in the former instance, and the actions
of the Congressional Committees and of Congress, may be
found in the annual reports of the Superintendent of. the
Library Building and Grounds for the years 1906 to 1910,
inclusive. The conditions affecting the use of the north-
east court for this purpose are about the same as those in
the case of the southeast court.
A stack fully occupying the northeast court would accom-
modate about 1,500,000 books, and would cost about
$400,000 at the present period of high prices.
THE CARD DIVISION
To provide for the inevitable growth of the Card Division
is again a pressing and serious matter.
In the fall of 1915 the card stack was extended by 6,240
card trays at a cost of $4,750, a rate of about 76 cents per
tray. Since that time to date 3,360 trays have been added
at a cost of $2,961.50, a rate of about 88 cents per tray. The
lowest price obtainable in September, 1917, on large quanti-
ties was at the rate of $1.93 per tray.
The above indicates a probable necessary extension of
this stack by about 5,000 trays each year. At the normal
price paid in 1915 this would require an appropriation of
Superintendent of Building and Grounds 215
about $4,000 annually, but at the present market, nearly
As such an extension is now pressing it is reluctantly rec-
ommended, notwithstanding the high cost.
MAIL AND DELIVERY SERVICE
The mail sen-ice and the distribution and collection of
books require the use of three automobiles and two motor-
cycles. One electric car has been in service since August,
1910, one electric car since September, 1913, and one Ford
gasoline car since June, 1912. The increasing repair bills
on these cars indicate that at least one of them should be
replaced within the next year.
The wooden shed for housing these machines is so small
that no room is left for the motorcycles, nor is there room
to make repairs to the machines.
A larger shed with working space for repairs would greatly
improve the service.
FRANK L. AVERILL
Superintendent Library Building and Grounds
THE PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE
THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
1(3341 17 15
Accessions, 1916-17 19-20
Documents, statistics 43
Law library, statistics 48
Manuscripts, list of 190-196
Maps and charts, statistics 5*-5 2
Music, statistics 56~57
Periodicals, statistics 68-69
Printed books and pamphlets, statistics 10-20
Prints, statistics 75
Adams, Samuel Hopkins, gift 187
Allen, M. Catherine, gift 187
American newspapers, noteworthy accessions 7~7 2
Americana, noteworthy accessions 24-25
Anderson papers 39~4
Appropriation acts, 1917-18 149-154
Appropriations, 1916-1918 1 1-16
Appropriations and expenditures, 1916-17 (tables) 145-147
Appropriations and expenditures, 1916-1918 (tables) 204
Arnold, Julean 53
Art and architecture, noteworthy accessions 75~?6
Beer, William, gift 187
Bequests to the Library of Congress, form 4
Bibliography, Division of, report of 115
Publications 113, 115
Bixby, W. K., gift 187
Blake, Dr. Franklin R., gift 187
Blind, Reading room for the 116-118
Books, purchases 2 3~ 2 7
Botanic Garden, appropriations and expenditures 204
Broadsides, accessions 194-196
Brown, Thompson, company, gift 23
Building and grounds, report of the Superintendent 201-215
Bumpus, J. & E., gift 77
Calvert, George H., gift 187
Card Division, report of 108-111
Cards, sale of 108-109
Cards, stock of 109-1 1 1
Stack, expenditures 214-215
2i 8 Index
Carter, George Cuthbert, gift 187
Carter papers 34~3 5
Catalogue Division, report of 100-105
Chinese collections, cataloguing of 103-105
Publications 102-103, IX 3
Cataloguing, statistics ' 100
Chinese geographical works, requests for 97~99
Chinese literature, purchases 83-92
Classifying and cataloguing 103-105
Classification Division, report of . 105-106
Printed schedules 107
Publications 108, 1 13
Cohen, Miss Eleanor S., deposit 187
Contents of the library, statistics 19-20
Contingent expenses (table) 147
Copyright legislation, 1916-17 161-164
Copyright legislation and international copyright relations. . . 161-175
Copyright Office, report of 1 55-185
Articles deposited, 1916-17 16
Articles deposited, 1914-1917 (tables) 181
Bulletins and circulars 159
Business (monthly comparison), 1916-17 (tables) 179
Catalogue of copyright dramas, 1870-1916 159
Catalogue of copyright entries 158
Copyright bills and reports 161-164
Correspondence, statistics. 16
Current business 17-18, 161
Deposits : 1 56
Return of 158
Value of 156
Elimination of copyright deposits 18, 1 57
Entries. See Registrations.
Expenditures 17, 156
Fees, etc 16-17, 1 5 6 > l6
Fees, 1916-17 (tables) 177-178
Index cards 158
International copyright relations 164-175
Receipts i? J S5
Receipts, 1916-17 (tables) 176, 179
Registrations 16, 156
Registrations, 1911-1917 (tables) 180
Requests for copies 158
Salaries 16, 156
Statistics, 1916-17 16, 160, 176-181
Statistics, 1897-1917 (tables) , 179
Summary of business 160
Copyright Office Continued Page
Transfer of copyright deposits 18, 28-29, X 57
Unfinished business 18, 155
Crawford papers 39
Crewe, Marquess of, gift 22
Cummings sale 58-61
Cusachs, G., gift 187
Davis, Mrs. John Chandler Bancroft, gift 41-42
Davis, John Chandler Bancroft, papers 41-42
Deinard, collection 80-81
Dickens, Mrs. James 65
Documents, Division of, report of 43~47
Accessions, statistics 43
Documents, foreign 44~47
Want lists 43~44
International exchange 47
State documents, monthly list 47, 113
Donaldson, Miss Harriet F., gift 187
Donelson papers 37-38
Dyas, Robert 37
East Asiatic collection, purchases 83
Endell, Fritz, gift 77
Exchanges 77, 82
Expenditures, appropriations and, 1916-17 (tables) 145-147
Expenditures, appropriations and, 1916-17 (tables) 204
Expenditures, fuel, lights, etc 201-203
Federal Statutes, index 140-141
Fine arts, noteworthy accessions 75~?6
Fischer, George , gift 57
Fischer, J., & Bro., gift 58
Form of gift or bequest to the Library of Congress 4
Fuel, lights, etc. , expenditures 201203
Fung, Dr. Hing Kwai 103
Funk and Wagnalls company, gift 23
Furniture, screens, etc 203
Gait, Hugh Blair Grigsby, deposit 33, 188
Gait, W. W., deposit 188
Gibbes papers 38-39
Gift or bequest to the Library of Congress, form 4
Gifts 2 1-23
Manuscripts, 1916-17, list of 187-190
Gifts Continued p age
Oilman, Miss Ada, gift 188
Grant, Miss Annie Sheldon, gift 188
Grigsby papers 32-33
Guides to foreign law. . . , 49
Hagerty, Mr. M. J 103
Hamilton, Dr. Allan McLane, gift 188
. Hebrew literature 81-83
Hill, Oliver C., gift 188
Holt, Miss Winifred 1 18
Holterhoff, Miss Leila 118
Hunt, Gaillard 10
Increase of salaries 14-16
Increase of the Library I 9~ 2 9
Incunabula, noteworthy accessions 23-24
Index analysis of Federal statutes 140-141
International copyright relations 164-175
Jackson, Miss Cordelia, gift 188
Japanese literature, purchases 92-94
Jones, Miss E. M., gift 77
Journals of Continental Congress 31
Kiang, Prof. S. C 10, 83-84, 86, 97, 104
Koch, Theodore Wesley 21
Korean literature 94
Lane, John, company, New York, gift 23
Laufer, Dr. Berthold 10, 95-96
Law library, report of 48-51
Accessions, statistics 48
Foreign law 50
Guide to foreign law. 49
Noteworthy accessions, list of 48-49
Recataloguing of collections 50
Supreme Court records and briefs 49
Lawton, Mrs. James M., gift 35, 39-40, 188
Legislative Reference Service, report of 1 18-142
Comparative statistical tables. . . 119-120
Economic, statistical, and historical inquiries 120-127
Legal inquiries 127-142
Librarians, 1802-1917 5
Libraries using L. C. classification ; . 108
Library staff, list 5-6
List of subject headings 102
Longmans, Green, co. , gift 23
Lorenz publishing co., gift 57
Lowdennilk, W. H.,co.,gift 188
McBride papers 39
McClellan, Hon. George B., gift 188
Mclntosh, Charles F., gift 40, 188
McMurtrie, Douglas C., gift 188
Madison papers 32
Manuscripts, Division of, report of 29-42
Accessions, general list of, 1916-17 190-196
Gifts and deposits 33~4 2
Gifts, 1916-17, list of 187-190
Transcripts, list of 196-200
Maps and Charts, Division of, report of 5 I- s6
Accessions, statistics 5 I- 52
Atlases, list of 52
King George collection 56
Noteworthy accessions 54~56
Sanborn insurance maps 52
Washington, list of maps 56
World war, list of maps 56
Maury, W. L., gift 188
Mayer, Jasper J. , gift 73
Middlemiss, Sergt. Maj. Robert 118
Miller, Miss Margaret, gift 188
Miscellaneous receipts 205
Mongolian literature 95~9^
Morris papers 3 I- 32
Mo wry, Hon. Duane, gift 188
Munsey , Frank A. , gift 73
Music, Division of, report of 56-68
Accessions, statistics 56-57
Autograph scores 58, 67
Contents, statistics 57
Historical publications 68
Noteworthy accessions. . . . f 58-64
Printed works or manuscripts 59~^4
National Federation of Music clubs, deposit 65
Newspapers, American, noteworthy accessions 70-75
Northwestern University library, gift 188
Noteworthy accessions 21- 27
Officers, list of 5-6
Oliver Ditson co. , gift 57
Oriental Division, report of 83-99
Palmieri, A 9
Parsons, Francis H., gift 189
Pennell, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph, gift 2 1-22
Periodicals, Division of, report of 68-75
Accessions, statistics 68-69
Binding of newspapers 69
Newspaper statistics 69
Noteworthy accessions 7~75
Phillips, P. Lee, gift 189
Poinsett papers 38
Polk, Dr. William M., gift 189
Porter, Miss Sarah H., gift 189
Prints, Division of, report of 75~
Accessions, statistics 75
Exchange . 77
Publications Section, report of 112-114
Publications, list of 112-114
Publications, statistics 112
Purchases, noteworthy accessions 23-27
Reading room for the blind 116-118
Reber, Lieut. Col. Samuel, gift 189
Reference service, Legislative 118-142
Repairs to buildings 207-2 15
Reynolds, Mrs. B. A., gift 189
Rice, Prof. Richard A., gift 189
Ripley & Tapper, gift 57
Rives, Miss Isabel, gift 189
Robinson, A. G., gift 189
Safford, William E., gift 189
Salaries, increases of 14-16
Salmaggi, Prof. C. A., gift 57
Saunders, letter book 40
Schneider, Erwin, gift 57
Scribner's, Charles, sons, gift 23
Semitic and Oriental Division, report of.'. 80-99
Sioussat, Prof. St. George L 37
Smithsonian Deposit 115-116.
Sonneck, O. G. T 8-9, 65-68
Speek, P. A 9
Stokes, Frederick A., company, gift. 23
Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds, Report . 201-215
Surgeon General's Office library, deposit 189
Survivors Assoc., jjth Regt. N. Y. Volunteers, gift 189
Swingle, Dr. Walter T 10, 44, 103
Tanaka, Dr. T 44, 93
Theodore Presser company, gift 57
Thompson, Henry Yates, gift 22-23
Thomson papers 2 9~~3
Tibetan literature 96
Tilghman, Hon. Oswald, gift 189
Transcripts from foreign archives 36
Transcripts of English records, list of 196-200
Transfers 27-29, 77
Unexpended balances 205
Visitors to the Library, statistics 206
War College library, War Department, deposit 189
War service 10
Warne, Frederick, company, gift 23
Washburn, Miss Maud, gift 40-41, 190
Washburn papers 40-41
West Florida letter book 35-36
Whistleriana 2 1-22
Whitmer, T. Carl, gift 57
Wickham, H. T., gift 190
Widener, Joseph E., gift 22
Woolman and Potts account books 34
Yiddish literature 81-82
Z U.S. Library of Congress
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